Kosmos 14 ( Russian: Космос 14 meaning Cosmos 14), also known as Omega No.1, was a satellite which was launched by the Soviet Union in 1963. It was an Omega satellite, derived from the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik series. It was a 200-kilogram (440 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the [1 ] Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used by VNIIEM to conduct experiments with the use of gyroscopes to control spacecraft. [2 ]
Kosmos 14 was launched from pad 2 of the
Mayak Launch Complex at Kapustin Yar, aboard a Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket. The launch occurred at 11:00:00 UTC on 13 April 1963, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into a [3 ] low Earth orbit. Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its [4 ] Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1963-010A. The [5 ] North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 00567.
Kosmos 14 was the first of two Omega satellites to be launched,
the other being [2 ] Kosmos 23. It was operated in an orbit with a [6 ] perigee of 262 kilometres (163 mi), an apogee of 444 kilometres (276 mi), 48.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.6 minutes. It remained in orbit until it [7 ] decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 29 August 1963. [7 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index . Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ a b Wade, Mark. "Omega". Encyclopedia Astronautica . Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page . Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica . Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ "Cosmos 14". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center . Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ Krebs, Gunter. "Omega". Gunter's Space Page . Retrieved 26 December 2009.
^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page . Retrieved 26 December 2009.