Kosmos 1684

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Kosmos 1684
Mission type Early warning
COSPAR ID 1985-084A
SATCAT № 16064
Mission duration 4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type US-K [2]
Launch mass 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date 24 September 1985, 01:18 (1985-09-24UTC01:18Z) UTC
Rocket Molniya-M/2BL[2]
Launch site Plesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Molniya [2]
Perigee 597 kilometres (371 mi)[4]
Apogee 39,753 kilometres (24,701 mi)[4]
Inclination 62.9 degrees[4]
Period 717.68 minutes[4]

Kosmos 1684 (Russian: Космос 1684 meaning Cosmos 1684) is a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1985 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 1684 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR.[5] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 01:18 UTC on 24 September 1985.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1985-084A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 16064.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (pdf). Science and Global Security 10: 21–60. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 1684". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 

See also[edit]