Kosmos 19

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Kosmos 19
Mission type Radar target
Technology
COSPAR ID 1963-033A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-P1
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 355 kilograms (783 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 6 August 1963, 06:00 (1963-08-06UTC06Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63S1
Launch site Kapustin Yar Mayak-2
End of mission
Decay date 30 March 1964 (1964-03-31)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 267 kilometres (166 mi)
Apogee 497 kilometres (309 mi)
Inclination 49 degrees
Period 92.1 minutes

Kosmos 19 (Russian: Космос 19 meaning Cosmos 19), also known as DS-P1 No.3 was a prototype radar target satellite for anti-ballistic missile tests, which was launched by the Soviet Union in 1963 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. Its primary mission was to demonstrate the necessary technologies for radar tracking of spacecraft, which would allow future satellites to function as targets.[1]

It was launched aboard a Kosmos-2I 63S1 rocket,[2] from pad 2 of the Mayak Launch Complex at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 06:00 UTC on 6 August 1963.[3]

Kosmos 19 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 267 kilometres (166 mi), an apogee of 497 kilometres (309 mi), 49 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 92.1 minutes.[1] It decayed from orbit on 30 March 1964.[4]

Kosmos 19 was a prototype DS-P1 satellite, the third of four to be launched.[1] It was preceded by the successful launch of Kosmos 6 in June 1962, and a launch failure in April 1963, and was succeeded by Kosmos 25, which was launched in February 1964.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-P1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 26 May 2009.