Kosmos 191

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Kosmos 191
Mission type ABM radar target
COSPAR ID 1967-115A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-P1-Yu
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 325 kilograms (717 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 21 November 1967, 14:29:48 (1967-11-21UTC14:29:48Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63SM
Launch site Plesetsk 133/1
End of mission
Decay date 2 March 1968 (1968-03-03)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 261 kilometres (162 mi)
Apogee 451 kilometres (280 mi)
Inclination 71.0 degrees
Period 91.66 minutes

Kosmos 191 (Russian: Космос 191 meaning Cosmos 191), also known as DS-P1-Yu No.9 was a Soviet satellite which was used as a radar calibration target for tests of anti-ballistic missiles. It was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme.[1] It had a mass of 325 kilograms (717 lb).[1]

A Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 191 from Site 133/1 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome.[2] The launch occurred at 14:29:48 UTC on 21 November 1967, and resulted in Kosmos 191's successful deployment into low Earth orbit.[3] Upon reaching orbit, it was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-115A.

Kosmos 191 was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 261 kilometres (162 mi), an apogee of 451 kilometres (280 mi), 71.0 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.66 minutes.[1][4] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 2 March 1968.[4] It was the eleventh of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the tenth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 10 August 2009.