Kosmos 196

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Kosmos 196
Mission type Solar research
COSPAR ID 1967-125A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-U1-G
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 291 kilograms (642 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 19 December 1967, 06:30:07 (1967-12-19UTC06:30:07Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63S1
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/1
End of mission
Decay date 7 July 1968 (1968-07-08)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 220 kilometres (140 mi)
Apogee 810 kilometres (500 mi)
Inclination 48.8 degrees
Period 94.9 minutes

Kosmos 196 (Russian: Космос 196 meaning Cosmos 196), also known as DS-U1-G No.2, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 291-kilogram (642 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to study the effects of solar activity on the upper atmosphere.[2]

A Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 196 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[3] The launch occurred at 06:30:07 UTC on 19 December 1967, and resulted in the successfully insertion of the satellite into low Earth orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-125A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 03074.

Kosmos 196 was the second of two DS-U1-G satellites to be launched,[2] after Kosmos 108.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 220 kilometres (140 mi), an apogee of 810 kilometres (500 mi), 48.8 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 94.9 minutes.[7] It completed operations on 7 February 1968.[1] On 7 July 1968, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-U1-G". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  5. ^ "Cosmos 196". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-11-14. 
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U1-G". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-11-14. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-11-14.