Kosmos 605

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Kosmos 605
Mission type Bioscience
COSPAR ID 1973-083A
SATCAT № 6913
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Bion
Launch mass 5,500 kilograms (12,100 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 31 October 1973, 18:24:59 (1973-10-31UTC18:24:59Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Plesetsk 43/3
End of mission
Landing date 22 November 1973 (1973-11-23)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth

Kosmos 605 (Russian: Космос 605 meaning Cosmos 605), or Bion No.1 was a Bion satellite.


It carried several dozen male rats (possibly 25[1] or 45[2]), six Russian tortoises (Agrionemys horsfieldii)[3] (each in a separate box), a mushroom bed, flour beetles (Tribolium confusum[2]) in various stages of their life cycle, and living bacterial spores. It provided data on the reaction of mammal, reptile, insect, fungal, and bacterial forms to prolonged weightlessness.[4]


Kosmos 605 was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket flying from Site 43/3 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brian Harvey, Olga Zakutnyaya (2011). "Russian Space Probes". Springer. p. 448. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  2. ^ a b "PowerPoint Presentation" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "NASA - NSSDC - Spacecraft - Details". Nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2014-03-08.