Kosmos 76

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Kosmos 76
Mission type ABM radar target
COSPAR ID 1965-059A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-P1-Yu
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 325 kilograms (717 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 23 July 1965, 04:33 (1965-07-23UTC04:33Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63S1
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/1
End of mission
Decay date 16 March 1966 (1966-03-17)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 255 kilometres (158 mi)
Apogee 499 kilometres (310 mi)
Inclination 48.7 degrees
Period 92.09 minutes

Kosmos 76 (Russian: Космос 76 meaning Cosmos 76), also known as DS-P1-Yu No.3 was a Soviet satellite which was used as a radar calibration target for tests of anti-ballistic missiles.[1] It was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and launched in 1965 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme.[2]

Kosmos 76 was launched using a Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket,[3] which flew from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 04:33 UTC on 23 July 1965.[4]

Kosmos 76 separated from its carrier rocket into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 255 kilometres (158 mi), an apogee of 499 kilometres (310 mi), 48.7 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 92.09 minutes.[2][5] It decayed from orbit on 16 March 1966.[5] Kosmos 76 was the third of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[2] of which all but seven were successful. It replaced the previous satellite, DS-P1-Yu No.2, which had failed to reach orbit due to a second stage malfunction[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-08-08. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-08. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-08-08. 
  5. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-08.