Kosmos 97

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Kosmos 97
Mission type Technology
COSPAR ID 1965-095A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-U2-M
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 267 kilograms (589 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 26 November 1965, 12:14 (1965-11-26UTC12:14Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2M 63S1M
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/1
End of mission
Decay date 2 April 1967 (1967-04-03)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 217 kilometres (135 mi)
Apogee 2,020 kilometres (1,260 mi)
Inclination 48.4 degrees
Period 107.7 minutes

Kosmos 97 (Russian: Космос 97 meaning Cosmos 97), also known as DS-U2-M No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1965 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 267-kilogram (589 lb) spacecraft,[2] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and used to conduct tests involving atomic clocks.[2]

A Kosmos-2M 63S1M[3] carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 97 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[4] The launch occurred at 12:14 GMT on 26 November 1965, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[5] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1965-095A.[6] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 01777.

Kosmos 97 was the first of two DS-U2-M satellites to be launched, the other being Kosmos 145.[2][7] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 217 kilometres (135 mi), an apogee of 2,020 kilometres (1,260 mi), 48.4 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 107.7 minutes.[8] On 2 April 1967, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  2. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  3. ^ Wade, Mark (2001-10-31). "Kosmos 63S1M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  6. ^ "Cosmos 97". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  7. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-M". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  8. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-07.