Kosmos 97 ( Russian: Космос 97 meaning Cosmos 97), also known as DS-U2-M No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1965 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 267-kilogram (589 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the [2 ] Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and used to conduct tests involving atomic clocks. [2 ]
Kosmos-2M 63S1M [3 ] carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 97 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 12:14 GMT on 26 November 1965, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit. [4 ] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its [5 ] Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1965-095A. The [6 ] North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 01777.
Kosmos 97 was the first of two
DS-U2-M satellites to be launched, the other being Kosmos 145. [2 ] It was operated in an orbit with a [7 ] perigee of 217 kilometres (135 mi), an apogee of 2,020 kilometres (1,260 mi), 48.4 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 107.7 minutes. On 2 April 1967, it [8 ] decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere. [8 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index . Retrieved 2009-12-07.
^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-M". Encyclopedia Astronautica . Retrieved 2009-12-07.
^ Wade, Mark (2001-10-31). "Kosmos 63S1M". Encyclopedia Astronautica . Retrieved 2010-01-14.
^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page . Retrieved 2009-12-07.
^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica . Retrieved 2009-12-07.
^ "Cosmos 97". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center . Retrieved 2009-12-07.
^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-M". Gunter's Space Page . Retrieved 2009-12-07.
^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page . Retrieved 2009-12-07.