Kosovan cuisine

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Kosovan cuisine
Place of origin
Kosovo
Region or state
Balkans
Cookbook:Kosovan cuisine  Kosovan cuisine
For Albanian Cuisine, see Albanian cuisine. For Serbian Cuisine, see Serbian cuisine. For Bosnian Cuisine, see Bosnian cuisine. For Turkish Cuisine, see Turkish cuisine.
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Cuisine in Kosovo (Albanian: Kuzhina kosovare, Serbian: Косовска кухиња, Kosovska kuhinja) is similar to Albanian cuisine, and has been significantly influenced by Turkish cuisine, as well as the Balkan cuisine. Common dishes include burek, pies, flija, kebab, suxhuk, sausages, stuffed peppers, lamb, beans, sarma, burjan, Pite and rice.[1] However, the cuisine varies slightly between different regions.

Bread and dairy are important staples in Kosovar cuisine. The most widely used dairy products are milk, yogurt, ayran, spreads, cheese and kaymak. Meat (beef, chicken and lamb), beans, rice and peppers are, likewise, major parts of the Kosovan diet. Vegetables are used seasonally. Usually, cucumbers, tomatoes and cabbage are pickled. Herbs such as salt, black pepper, red pepper and Vegeta are also popular.[2]

Preparation[edit]

Homemade food is still preferred by Kosovar people. Although the new western influence pushes the new generation to eat out, Kosovars usually prefer to eat at home.

Key ingredients[edit]

The key ingredient in most pastries is shorbet, which is used as a topping. Shorbet consists of water boiled with sugar. Other ingredients used in most meat dishes are, peppers, tomatoes, garlic, onion, red pepper, black pepper, and salt.

Breakfast[edit]

Breakfast in Kosovo is simple, usually consisting of bread and cheese, ajvar or scrambled eggs, with milk. French toast is also eaten by people in Kosovo.

Dairy products[edit]

Dairy products play a big role on the Kosovan diet, Sharri cheese, cottage cheese, cow milk, goat milk, goat cheese, are widely used and part of the Kosovo daily diet. The dairy products are all locally produced, and you can get some at local Farmers Markets.

Bread[edit]

The Somun is one of the most popular traditional breads, especially during Ramadan. It is usually used for breakfast and, in some cities, you can find somun baked with eggs and Suxhuk on top. Also, corn bread is very popular in Kosovo; it is called leqenik and it is often filled with spinach, or cheese. Although, it is eaten without any filling as well.[3]

Pies[edit]

A variety of pies are common in Kosovo.

Flija
  • Kullpite- Pie with nothing inside and is covered with yogurt.
  • Burek- Also known as pie in Albania. Byrek is made of pastry layers filled with meat, white cheese, spinach.
  • Bakllasarm- A salty pie with yoghurt and garlic covering.[4]
  • Pumpkin pie
  • Spinach pie
  • Flija- Traditional food of Kosovo and Albania.

Salads[edit]

Tarator

Most of the Salads are made quickly and simply. Typical salads ingredients include tomatoes, onion, garlic, pepper, cucumber, potato, cabbage, lettuce, carrots, and beans.

  • Potato Salad
  • Tarator - a traditional salad made with cucumbers, garlic and yogurt. Very popular dish for summer.
  • Tomato and cucumber Salad
  • Dried nettle Salad
  • Bean Salad
  • "Shope" Salad - a simple salad made of tomato, cucumber, onions and white cheese.

Main dishes[edit]

Tava e Prizrenit
Sarma in cabbage leaves
Sarma, peppers filled with kefir and cottage cheese, and pite.

Tavë prizreni a traditional casserole of Ottoman legacy. It is cooked with lamb, eggplants, green peppers, onions, tomatoes and served hot. Suxhuk which consists of ground meat, usually beef, but in some non-Muslim parts of Kosovo, it is also made with pork. Pleskavica, çofte, Sarma is a dish used for lunch, very frequently, it consists of meat wrapped with cabbage or grape leafs.[5]

Fish[edit]

The most used fish dishes constitute of fried freshwater fish, like Zander and Carp. A speciality is considered the tavë krapi, carp cooked in a pot, more widely used in cities around the Dukagjini valley, notably Gjakova because of its relation with Shkodra. The garnish is composed of garlic, bay leaf, tomato, parsley. The head of the carp is usually served to the main guest.[8]

Desserts[edit]

Havell

Traditional Kosovan desserts are often made with sherbet, which is cooked sugar with either lemon or vanilla flavor. Baklava is one of the most widely used pastries in Kosovo. Another is Kajmaçin, which is composed of baked eggs, mixed with sugar and oil. Sheqer Pare is a pastry similar to Baklava, as it is topped with Sherbet. Other pastries such as Kaqamak, Tespishte, Rovani, Tulluma and Pallaqinka are also a very popular breakfast foods in Kosovo. They are usually topped with Nutella, Cheese, or Honey. Shampite or Llokuma is served as a treat for children, and mostly as the first treat to guests on the days of Bayram.[9]

  • Bakllava- is a rich, sweet pastry made of layers of filo pastry filled with chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup or honey.[10]
  • Sultjash-is a dish made from rice mixed with water or milk and sometimes other ingredients such as cinnamon and raisins. Different variants are used for either desserts or dinners. When used as a dessert, it is commonly combined with a sweetener such as sugar.[11]
  • Kadaif-This classic Albanian dessert of shredded phyllo dough is dusted with vanilla sugar and walnuts and baked until golden brown.[12]
  • Hashyre
  • Tespishte
  • Kek
  • Tullumba
  • Havell
  • Sheqerpare

Drinks[edit]

A glass of boza
Ajron

One popular drink in Kosovo is boza, a malt drink made from maize and wheat. Another is grape rakija, the most widespread variety of rakija in Kosovo. Kompot, a drink made from pieces of fruits builed with sugars, is served during the start of autumn when seasonal fruits such as apples and quince are ripe.

  • Rakia- Rakia is an alcohol drink that is made of different kind of domestic and wild fruits, but the main fruit that is used in Kosovo for making rakia is grape.
  • Boza- A sweet drink made maize(corn) and wheat flour, it's a refreshing summer drink.
  • Ajron- A mix of yogurt, water and salt.
  • Beer- Kosovo's local beers are "Birra Peja", "Birra Ereniku", "Birra Prishtina".
  • Turkish Coffee
  • Mountain Tea

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ukelli, Fikrije. 1001 Receta për çdo familje. 
  2. ^ http://www.podravka.com/company/markets/kosovo/tab-cuisine-of-kosovo
  3. ^ http://ngiju.blogspot.com/2009/06/leqenik-i-misrit.html
  4. ^ http://www.kosovoguide.com/?cid=2,227,1011
  5. ^ http://www.kosovoguide.com/?cid=2,227
  6. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/11058582/1000-receta-per-cdo-familje-
  7. ^ http://www.artigatimit.com/2013/10/burani-me-spinaq-e-veze/
  8. ^ "Tavë Krapi Shkodrane". 
  9. ^ http://rebibneenun.blogdetik.com/embelsira-kosovare/
  10. ^ Bakllava
  11. ^ Rice pudding
  12. ^ http://www.marthastewart.com/852079/kadaif