Kosovo–Republic of Macedonia relations

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Kosovan–Macedonian relations
Map indicating locations of Kosovo and Macedonia

Kosovo

Macedonia

Kosovo–Macedonia relations are diplomatic relations between the Republic of Kosovo[a] and the Republic of Macedonia.

Diplomatic Relations[edit]

Informal relations started on 9 October 2008 when Macedonia recognised Kosovo after its declaration of independence from Serbia on 17 February of the same year.[1][2] In October 2009, Kosovo signed an agreement to re-adjust its border with the Republic of Macedonia by exchanging some lands. [3][dead link][citation needed] On 17 October 2009, Skopje and Pristina officially established diplomatic relations.[4] On 12 November 2009, Macedonia upgraded its Liaison Office in Pristina to an Embassy; an Ambassador is to be appointed soon.[5] Kosovan Embassy in Albania is accredited to Macedonia.[6]

Travel[edit]

Macedonia recognised the Kosovar passport on 12 July 2008 prior to full diplomatic recognition of the Republic of Kosovo. Citizens of the Republic of Kosovo can stay 90 days visa free in Macedonia. Macedonian citizens can stay in the Republic of Kosovo for 90 days visa free also.[7]

History[edit]

Before the recognition, the President Branko Crvenkovski said "The Republic of Macedonia will decide its view when we deem it most appropriate for our interests. Macedonia would follow the position of NATO and the European Union on Kosovo, but nations in the two organisations have to yet to assume a common stance."[8][9] The Democratic Party of Albanians left the government coalition on 13 March 2008 after it failed to meet their six demands, recognising Kosovo's independence being one of them. However, it returned on 24 March 2008 after demanding the recognition of Kosovo.[10] On 27 March 2008, Macedonian minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio Milošoski issued the following statement: "In welcoming the constructive position of the Republic of Macedonia concerning Kosovo, the Commission on Foreign Affairs of the European Parliament has expressed concern because of delay in the technical demarcation of the Republic of Macedonia-Kosovo borderline and has asked that this issue be solved in accordance with the Ahtisaari proposal.".[11] This reiterated Macedonia's support for the Ahtisaari plan for Kosovo, which was endorsed by the foreign affairs ministry a year earlier, on 30 March 2007.[12] On 10 July, Foreign Ministry spokesman Petar Culev announced that Macedonia will accept new Kosovan passports.[13] Ali Ahmeti, leader of the ethnic Albanian Democratic Union for Integration party, said Macedonia would recognise Kosovo after problems over the border demarcation were resolved.[14] (The Democratic Union for Integration is a member of the governing coalition; however, Ahmeti has no role as minister in the government.) Macedonia has 158.7 km (98.6 mi)-long border with Kosovo. On 12 May 2009 Gjorge Ivanov became the new president of Macedonia. Soon after his inauguration Ivanov invited the president of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu to be the first statesman to visit Macedonia in his mandate, but Sejdiu cancelled his visit to Macedonia, because the visit was planned to be a non-formal meeting. The Kosovan side expected a full official meeting between two statesmen. The following weeks saw something of a crisis in the relations of the two countries. There were even speculations that Macedonia might revert its decision to recognise Kosovo as an independent state. However, Skopje officially denied that it wants to revert the recognition of Kosovo. Relations were normalised soon at a regional meeting.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

  1. ^ "Macedonia recognizes Kosovo". MIA.com.mk. Skopje: Macedonian Information Agency. 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  2. ^ Montenegro, Macedonia recognize Kosovo - Summary
  3. ^ "Latest AP - World Headlines". CBS News. Retrieved 2010-04-28. 
  4. ^ "Kosovo and FYR of Macedonia establish diplomatic relations". New Kosova Report. 2009-10-18. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  5. ^ "Maqedonia hapë ambasadën në Prishtinë". Telegrafi.com. 2009-11-11. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  6. ^ "Kosovo Plans Diplomatic Offensive for '09" balkaninsight.com 26 December 2008 Link accessed 12/11/09
  7. ^ "Visa Regime of the Republic of Macedonia Towards Other Countries, Special Administrative Regions and Entities and Territorial Authorities that are not recognised as States" Official website (mfa.gov.mk) Link accessed January 13, 2009.
  8. ^ "Macedonia's president cautious on Kosovo, dispute with Greece". International Herald Tribune. 2008-02-26. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  9. ^ "Kosovo Neighbours Wary Of Recognition". Balkan Insight. 2008-02-26. Archived from the original on 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  10. ^ "Albanian party in Macedonia returns to government", Reuters, printed in Today's Zaman, 24 March 2008. Link accessed 2008-04-05.
  11. ^ "Press release: THE COMMISSION ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT IN BRUSSELS ADOPTS THE 2007 PROGRESS REPORT ON THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA", Ministry of the Foreign Affairs:Media Center, 27 March 2008. Link accessed 2008-04-05.
  12. ^ "Press release: INFORMAL MEETING OF MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER-STATES", Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Macedonia: Media Center, 30 March 2007. Link accessed 2008-04-05.
  13. ^ Macedonia to Accept Kosovo Passports
  14. ^ "Recognition of Kosovo by Macedonia not far: DUI leader". Focus Information Agency. 2008-08-23. Retrieved 2008-08-23.