Kosovodeclared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008 and Saudi Arabia recognised it on 20 April 2009. Saudi Arabia has a Liaison Office in Pristina and Kosovo planned to open an embassy in Riyadh later. Like Saudi Arabia, Kosovo has a mainly Muslim population. On 22 December 2009, Saudi Ambassador Abdullah Abdulaziz presented his credentials to Kosovar President Fatmir Sejdiu. Abdullah Abdulaziz is also Ambassador to Albania and to the Republic of Macedonia.
On 25 May 2009, at the Organisation of the Islamic Conference's 36th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers in Damascus, the 57 member states adopted a resolution that noted Kosovo's declaration of independence, upheld the role of the United Nations in Kosovo, reaffirmed the strong interest of the OIC regarding Muslims in the Balkans, welcomed the co-operation of Kosovo with the OIC Economic and Financial institutions, and called on the international community to continue contributing to the fostering of Kosovo's economy. Saudi Arabia was one of the main Islamic states backing this resolution and it has been reported that an earlier draft of the resolution (tabled by Saudi Arabia) had called for recognition of Kosovo by Islamic countries, but this was rejected by some member states, including Syria, Egypt and Azerbaijan.