Kosovodeclared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008 and the United Arab Emirates recognised it on 14 October 2008. Kosovo plans to open an embassy in the UAE. On 27 April 2010, the United Arab Emirates designated Khalid Khalifa Al-Mualla, who is the Emirati ambassador to Turkey, as its non-resident ambassador to Kosovo.
On 13 March 2014, Kosovo and the UAE agreed to open mutual embassies, organise a forum for businessmen in Abu Dhabi to explore investment opportunities in Kosovo and signed a cooperation agreement between the two countries in the field of air transport services.
After the Serbian government launched a major offensive against the ethnic Albanian population in Kosovo in 1998, the UAE called for international intervention and commenced a major program of humanitarian relief through its Red Crescent Society. In 1999, the UAE was among the first non-NATO states to voice support for NATO's bombing campaign. During the UN administration period, the UAE maintained almost 1,500 peacekeeping and special operations troops in Kosovo. The UAE was the only Muslim state to offer to participate in the Kosovo Force and its commitment was the first operational deployment of UAE forces outside the Middle East region. As of October 2008, these forces remained in Kosovo and between 1998 and 2008, the aid given to Kosovo by the UAE’s Red Crescent Authority alone cost Dh125 million, the biggest international humanitarian mission in the UAE's history.
^"UAE recognises Kosovo". Emirates News Agency. 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-10-14. "In accordance with its firm support for the principle of the legitimate right of peoples to self-determination, the United Arab Emirates has announced its recognition of the Kosovo Republic as an independent and sovereign state."
^"UAE to Keep Troops in Kosovo". Global Policy Forum. Retrieved 2009-05-29. "The commander of the United Arab Emirates military vowed on Monday to keep its peacekeepers in Kosovo for at least two more years, a mission that has raised the Gulf Arab state's international profile."