Kosta Manojlović in 1932
December 4, 1890
Krnjevo, Smederevo, Kingdom of Serbia
|Died||November 2, 1949
Kosta P. Manojlović (Serbian: Коста Манојловић; December 4, 1890 – November 2, 1949) was a Serbian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator and choral conductor.
Kosta Manojlović was born in Krnjevo near the town of Velika Plana on December 4, 1890. After completing elementary school, he continued his education at "Saint Sava" seminary where he graduated in 1910. He then attended the Serbian Music School (now known as the Mokranjac Music School) where he was a student of Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac. From 1910 to 1912 he worked as a teacher, first in Ćuprija then in Belgrade. In 1912, he received a scholarship for his further education in Moscow and Munich. His studies were interrupted twice because of the Balkan Wars. During the First World War, he participated in the Serbian army's retreat through Albania and belonged to the group of Serbian soldiers stationed at Corfu. There, he established a military choir in 1916. In 1917 Manojlović studied at Oxford University, where he gained an appreciation for old vocal polyphony, graduating in 1919 with his work On the Rivers of Babylon.
Manojlović started composing his Liturgija za muški hor ("Liturgy for Male Choir") in Kragujevac after the start of the First World War, completing it in 1916 during his convalescence at a military hospital in the Albanian town of Fier. During the period 1919–31, he was choir-master of the Belgrade Choral Society and in the period 1931–39, at the Mokranjac Society.
A conductor of the First Belgrade Singing Society, he also served as the executive secretary of the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra (1923–40) and of the Yugoslav Choral Union (1926–32). He was involved in the establishment of the Society of Yugoslav Music Authors (Serbian: Удружење југословенских музичких аутора, УЈМА) Manojlović was also instrumental in the establishment of the Belgrade Music Academy, serving as its first rector in 1937–39 and working as a teacher there until 1946. For political reasons, he was forced into retirement from the organization.
Manojlović and others, such as Mokranjac, Kornelije Stanković, Petar Konjović, Miloje Milojević, and Stevan Hristić, were some of the first composers of Serbia's harmonized religious music. Of his contemporaries, Manojlović was characterized as a traditionalist, along with Svetolik Pascan, Milenko Paunović, and Sava Selesković, while Josip Slavenski was considered a modernist. Some of his Albanian vocal arrangements were for urban songs. Manojlović's 1933 collection of six choral songs based on folk songs from Albania was titled The Songs from the Land of Skenderbeg (Serbian: Песме земље Скендербегове).
- (1933), Svadbeni običaji u Peći
- (1935), Svadbeni običaji u Debru o Župi
- (1938), Stevan St. Mokranjac i njegove muzičke studije u Münchenu, with Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac
- (1938), Pesme naših rodnih strana, with Helen Rootham, Germaine Cordonnier, and A Crozi.
- (1942), Kornelije Stanković
- (1953), Narodne melodije iz istočne Srbije, with Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. Muzikološki institut.
- "U rodnom mestu Koste Manojlovića" (in Serbian). Kosta Manojlović School. Retrieved 2 November 2013. "1910. je maturirao na Bogosloviji „Sveti Sava“ u Beogradu. Bio je učenik Stevana Mokranjca u Srpskoj muzičkoj školi"
- Đurić-Klajn 1972, p. 145.
- "U rodnom mestu Koste Manojlovića" (in Serbian). Kosta Manojlović School. Retrieved 2 November 2013. "Na Krfu je obrazovao vojnički hor."
- Rōmanou 2009, p. 42.
- Đurić-Klajn 1972, p. 143.
- Milojković-Djurić 1988, p. 175.
- North American Society for Serbian Studies 2002, p. 375.
- Đurić-Klajn 1972, p. 144.
- Samson 2013, p. 339.
- Rōmanou 2009, p. 45.
- Kokole & Zupančič 2012, p. 117.
- Casiday 2012, p. 53.
- Rōmanou 2009, p. 65.
- Koço 2004, p. 16.
- Muzička škola "Kosta Manojlović" 1989, p. front cover.
- Casiday, Augustine (2012). The Orthodox Christian World. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-31484-1.
- Đurić-Klajn, Stana (1972). A Survey of Serbian Music Through the Ages. Association of Composers of Serbia.
- Koço, Eno (1 January 2004). Albanian Urban Lyric Song in the 1930s. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4890-0.
- Kokole, Metoda; Zupančič, Maruša (2012). Nacionalna glasbena zgodovina: preobrazbe v drugi polovici 20. stoletja : [ob stoletnici rojstva akademika Dragotina Cvetka (1911-1993)]. Založba ZRC. ISBN 978-961-254-377-8.
- Milojković-Djurić, Jelena (1 January 1988). Tradition and Avant-Garde: Literature and Art in Serbian Culture, 1900-1918. East European Monographs, Boulder. ISBN 978-0-88033-131-9.
- Muzička škola "Kosta Manojlović" (1989). Muzička škola "Kosta Manojlović", Zemun: 1939-1989. Muzička škola "Kosta Manojlović".
- North American Society for Serbian Studies (2002). Serbian Studies. Chicago, Illinois: North American Society for Serbian Studies.
- Rōmanou, Kaitē (2009). Serbian and Greek Art Music: A Patch to Western Music History. Intellect Books. ISBN 978-1-84150-278-6.
- Samson, Jim (23 May 2013). Music in the Balkans. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-25038-3.