Kostanay Region

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Kostanay Region
Қостанай облысы
Костанайская область
Province
The old building of the province library, Kostanay
The old building of the province library, Kostanay
Coat of arms of Kostanay Region
Coat of arms
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Kostanay Province highlighted
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Kostanay Province highlighted
Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°38′E / 53.200°N 63.633°E / 53.200; 63.633Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°38′E / 53.200°N 63.633°E / 53.200; 63.633
Country  Kazakhstan
Established 1936
Capital Kostanay
Government
 • Akim Nuraly Saduakasov
Area[1]
 • Total 196,001 km2 (75,676 sq mi)
Population (2013-02-01)[2]
 • Total 880,227
 • Density 4.5/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zone East (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+6)
Postal codes 110000
Area codes +7 (714)
ISO 3166 code KZ-KUS
Vehicle registration 10, P
Districts 16
Cities 5
Townships 8
Villages 255
Website www.kostanay.gov.kz

Kostanay Region (Kazakh: Қостанай облысы, Qostanay oblısı, قوستاناي وبلىسى) is a region of Kazakhstan. Its administrative center is the city of Kostanay. The population of the region is 900,300. The population living in Kostanay is 207,000 [3] which is equivalent to 23% of the region.

Geography[edit]

Kostanay Province is adjacent to the Russian federal subjects Orenburg Oblast, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Kurgan Oblast, and is near the Ural Mountains. It also touches four other Kazakh provinces: Aktobe Province to the southwest, Karagandy Province to the south, Akmola Province to the southeast, and North Kazakhstan Province to the northeast. The Tobol (Tobyl) River, a tributary of the Irtysh River, starts in and flows through the province on its way to Russia. Kostanay Province's area is 197,000 square kilometers, making it the sixth largest of the Kazakh provinces.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Resources of an animal and flora of Kostanay Province are suitable for the organization and development of zones and objects of civilized fishery and a hunt, lake-commodity fish culture, hunt facilities development. The fauna of ground animal includes 52 kinds of mammal, 267 is constant or temporarily living birds, 10 kinds of amphibious and kowtowing, in reservoirs 24 kinds of fishes live.

Naurzum reserve (877 km²), 3 natural sanctuaries (1630 km²) and 12 state nature sanctuaries (0.47 km²) with a rich vegetative cover are pride of region.

Natural resources[edit]

The territory of province is characterized by rather flat relief with inflows of the rivers: Ayat, Ubagan, Ui, Torgai with inflows of the rivers: Saryozen, Kara. The Northern part occupy southeast suburb of the West-Siberian lowland, to the south from it is situated Torgai plateau; in the west - wavy plain Zaural plateau and in a southwest Saryarka spurs. River network is rare. Within the limits of the province it is totaled about 310 fine rivers. The largest rivers - Tobol and Torgai. On the river Tobol are Verhnetobolsk, Karatomar and Amangeldy water basins. In Kostanay Province are more than 5 thousand lakes. Largest of them are located in Torgai dell - Kusmyryn, Sarymoin, Aksuat, Sarykopa. Woodland area 2,175 km² including 1,512 km² natural plantings. In connection with the Soviet Virgin Lands Campaign, much of the area was ploughed for wheat. The Kostanay Province is rich in minerals, especially iron ore (deposits of magnetite ores - Sokolovsk, Sarbaiskoe, Kachary and brown soolits iron ores - Ayatsk iron ore pool, Lisakovsk deposit). The total stock of magnetite's ores and hematite's makes 15,7 billion tons, of them easy enrich and not demanding enrichment - 5,7 billion tons. Especially bowels are rich in iron ore, brown coal, asbestos, fire-resistant and brick clay, flux and cement limestone, glass sand, a building stone and others. Opened 19 deposits of bauxite, 7 - gold, on one of silver and nickel. In northern part of area chernozems and pine forests (Arakaragai, Amankaragai) prevail; in the central part - chestnut ground with pine forest Naurzimkaragai on the basis of which the same reserve is organized; the southern part is dominated by grasslands and shrublands.

Water[edit]

The province center, Kostanay, is supplied with water from Amangeldinsky water basins (underground volume 6,7 million cubic meters) and Kostanay deposit of underground waters (operational stocks - 33.5 million cube. m). The city of Lisakovsk gets water from the Verhnetobols water basins (underground volume totals 814 million cubic meters). Regional centers Sarykol, Karasu, Uzunkol are supplied with water with Ishim water supply line and Sеrgeevsk water basin which is on the territory of the North-Kazakhstan region. 12 big water supply lines on the territory of Kostanay region give water to more than 220 settlements and 5 regional centers. Water delivery of other areas is carried out from local sources (deposits of underground waters). Karatomar water basins (underground volume 516 million cube. m) supply Rudni, Каchar region and Fedorovka. [4]

Climate[edit]

Kostanay Province climate is continental, with strongly pronounced alternation of four seasons. Average temperatures: January: -18 to -19 °С, July: 19 to 22 °С. In the winter, the temperature can be as cold as -25 to -30 °C. In summer, the temperature can reach 30 °C. Annual amount of precipitation is 300–350 mm in the northern areas and 240 to 280 mm in the south. The growing season is about 150 to 175 days in the north and 180 days in the south.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1999 census, the major ethnic groups are Russians (42.27%) and Kazakhs (30.93%). Most important minorities are Ukrainian (12.82%), German (5.64%), Byelorussian (2.46%), Tatar (1.97%), Pole (0.21%) and Others (3.70%). Madjars is a special ethnic group living in the Torgay area.

As of 2006 December, Kazakhs accounted for 33.8% and Russians accounted for 41.7% of the population. Germans had decreased to 3.9%.

Population (2009): 886 300 people (5,7%, 6 place)

Density 4,5 people / km ² (8 place)

National structure Kazakhs — 46,6% Russian — 28,6%

The area of 196,0 thousand in km ² (7,2%, 6 place)

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is administratively divided into sixteen districts and the cities of Kostanay, Arkalyk, Lisakovsk, and Rudniy.[5]

  1. Altynsarin District, with the administrative center in the selo of Obagan;
  2. Amangeldi District, the selo of Amangeldi;
  3. Auliekol District, the selo of Auliekol;
  4. Denisov District, the settlement of Denisovka;
  5. Fyodorov District, the selo of Fyodorovka;
  6. Kamysty District, the selo of Kamysty;
  7. Karabalyk District, the urban-type settlement of Karabalyk;
  8. Karasu District, the selo of Karasu;
  9. Kostanay District, the urban-type settlement of Zatobolsk;
  10. Mendykara District, the selo of Borovskoye;
  11. Nauyrzym District, the selo of Karamendy;
  12. Sarykol District, the urban-type settlement of Sarykol;
  13. Taran District, the selo of Taran;
  14. Uzunkol District, the selo of Uzunkol;
  15. Zhangeldi District, the selo of Torgay;
  16. Zhetikara District, the town of Zhetikara.

The following five localities in Kostanay Province have town status:[5] Kostanay, Arkalyk, Lisakovsk, Rudniy, and Zhetikara.

Public institutions[edit]

Kostanay Province function 8 higher educational institutions: 4 state and 4 not state, and also 6 branches of the Kazakhstan and Russian high schools. One of the basic - Kostanay State University (named after Akhmet Baytursinuli). The total number of students is made by 23,6 thousand person. Also functions 22 colleges in which it is trained over 12,2 thousand pupils.

In 2002-2003 educational year work 723 schools, with a contingent of pupils - 155,5 thousand person.

The state network of culture totals 380 libraries, 201 club establishments, 8 museums, 2 theatres: I. Omarov regional Kazakh drama theatre and regional Russian drama theatre. The regional showroom works.

There are sport objects: two palaces of sports, 26 stadiums, 10 sports complexes and 567 sports halls.

Communications[edit]

Kostanay Province has steady automobile outputs in all next regions and the regional centers. The Extent of general-purpose highways makes 9133 km, republican value - 1401 km and local - 7732 km. On territory of area pass from the north on the south and a southeast the main transit roads connecting the regional center with cities of Kazakhstan: Astana, Almaty and adjoining areas; Urals: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Troitsk, Ekaterinburg; Western Siberia: Kurgan, Tyumen.

Operation length of railways of general purpose, which are taking place on territory of province, is equal to 1048 km. Function 53 stations conducting cargo and passenger transportations which cover all cities and 11 region.

In Kostanay Province are available three airports with a firm covering of runways: in cities of Kostanay and Arkalyk, settlement Torgai. Runways of the airport of Kostanay can accept types of planes: Tu-134, Tu-154, АН-22, Il-86 and the Boeing. From the international airport of Kostanay regular and charter flights in many cities of Kazakhstan, the CIS, Germany (Frankfurt on Main, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart), to Arab Emirates, Turkey and others are carried out. Here there are points of the boundary and customs control. Mineral oil in Kostanay Province is delivered from the Russian Federation and from oil refineries of Kazakhstan by railway.

The basic monopolist in sphere of telecommunications in Kostanay Province is the branch of "Kazaktelekom". The big development was received with a global network the Internet, cellular communication, an IP-telephony.

Health[edit]

In sanatorium Sosnoviy bor there are hydropathic establishments, which are located on medical sources and have interrepublican value. Treatment is carried out: a gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, postoperative rehabilitation and a mud baths.

Sights of Kostanay Province[edit]

Kostanay Province is rich in objects of a historical-cultural heritage. It is totaled 1974 immovable monuments of a history and cultures.

External links[edit]

References[edit]