Kostas Gousgounis

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Kostas Gousgounis
Κώστας Γκουσγκούνης
Born Konstantinos Gousgounis
(1931-03-21) March 21, 1931 (age 83)
Larissa, Greece
Occupation actor, porn star

Kostas Gousgounis (Greek: Κώστας Γκουσγκούνης; born 21 March 1931 in Larissa, Greece)[1] is considered a legendary,[2][3] figure of 1970s and 1980s Greek pornography.[4] He is also considered a legend of surrealist sexual comedy.[5]

He has appeared in films such as O Idonoblepsias (The Peeping Tom) and the award-winning Nikolas Triantafyllidis film Radio Moscow to be followed by The Overcoat (1996) and Mavro Gala (Black Milk, 2000).[1] He has also made a guest appearance in the popular Greek comedy series Tis Elados Ta Pedia (Greece's Boys).[1] Gousgounis was the honored person in the 3rd Festival of Cult Greek Cinema, which was on February 14, 2005. In a 1971 film, titled Sex 13 Beaufort, he co-starred with Lykourgos Kallergis.[6]

Life and career[edit]

Gousgounis was born in Larissa, Thessaly to Mimis, a photographer. His father taught him photography and he worked as a photographer in Thessaly before deciding to go to Athens. In Athens he started appearing in various films playing small roles. In 1952 he appeared in the film Agne of the Port, subsequently appearing in surrealist sex comedies, the exception being the film Peeping Tom, his only hardcore film.[5]

He was not particularly handsome and his acting ability was average but his comedic, surrealist approach to acting made him a sort of avant-garde actor in Greece in the 70s and 80s. His appeal was widespread amongst the Greek social strata, ranging from students to members of the upper classes who went to see his films attracted by their comedic appeal. His career lasted from the early 70s to mid-80s.[5]

He films did not follow the formulaic approach or artistic pretensions of similar Greek films of the era and although low budget he managed to attract a large popular following and set new cinematic trends. The directors of his films allowed him the freedom to improvise during his performance.[5]

The showing of his films created the first traffic jams in Thessaloniki and his audience in Athens, mainly university students, after their chemistry labs, walked through the streets to the Hellespontos cinema in candlelight processions. Once at the cinema, the audience participated in the performance by lighting cigarette lighters and reciting parts of the film dialogue, occasionally shouting "Axios", "Axios" ("Worthy" in Greek).[5]

Despite the success of his films and the adoration of his fans, Gousgounis stayed away from the Greek star-system and avoided publicity.[5]

Theatre[edit]

In the early 1980s, Gousgounis performed in a theatrical play in Athens. His premiere was at the Star theatre with subsequent performances at the Elite theatre in Athens. The title of the play was Gousgounis and the tribe of the lost Amazons. The play was about a character similar to Odysseus who gets shipwrecked, along with his companions, in the land of the Amazons. The encounters of Gousgounis and his comrades with the tribe of the Amazons, as depicted in the theatrical play, were a source of amusement for the high-school students of that decade. The show was very successful.[2]

Literature[edit]

The comedy component of Gousgounis '​s films is alluded to in Maclean J. Storer's 2008 book: Forward O Peasant, where the author mentions: "It didn't really matter to him if she acted like someone out of Boat Bangers III, or perhaps more accurately, given the comedy aspect, like someone in a Costas Gousgounis film".[7]

He is featured in the book by Giannis Soldatos "The History of Nudity in Cinema".[8]

Awards[edit]

Gousgounis has received the Grand Prize of the third Greek Festival of Cult Cinema and was the Person of Honour at the Festival. In the press release of the Festival it was mentioned that the Festival itself has "reached the peak of its luminosity by giving him the award" and he was called "the unsurpassed, legendary Gousgounis", "an unsurpassed sex-symbol" and the "greatest cult hero of all seasons".[9] He has also starred and participated in multiple yearly events of the Greek Festival of Cult Cinema.[10][11] During the festival he also participates in live interviews where he fields questions from the audience.[12]

Fan club[edit]

In the book Greece in Modern Times: An Annotated Bibliography of Works Published in English in 22 Academic Disciplines During the 20th Century it is mentioned that in Athens there is a fan club dedicated to Gousgounis and named after him: the Gousgounis 300. Their meeting place is the Esperia cinema in Athens where they meet every Monday at 6 p.m. to watch his movies. The meetings include rituals such as candlelight processions and singing before the show starts. If the fans consider the film to be mild, they start shouting that they want to see "tsonta", which in Greek means that they demand that the projection engineer add frames from another, more hardcore, film to the ongoing film projection.[13]

Legacy[edit]

According to writer Petros Tatsopoulos, in an interview published in the Greek newspaper To Vima, Gousgounis is more recognisable, in Greece amongst the youth, than even past Prime Ministers and Academics such as Georgios Athanasiadis-Novas.[14]

His role as the security guard in ERT TV series based on Nikos Kazantzakis '​s Christ Recrucified is included in a list of "One hundred moments of Greek television" by To Vima.[15] Gousgounis was one of the greatest stars of the 70s in Greece amongst the youth of the era who enjoyed the humour of his films.[16] His films were low budget.[17]

I Kathimerini mentions that Gousgounis was the idol of the Greek youth of the 70s, who "deified" him, and that a university research paper analyses the impact of stars like him, and their films, on Greek society.[18] Gousgounis '​s charm has been described as "satanic".[19]

Gousgounis was a symbol of cultural resistance during the dictatorship of the Colonels in Greece. During the showing of a film, students protested that they would rather watch Gousgounis than the film.[20]

Member of the Greek Parliament Liana Kanelli has declared that if she had to choose between the subtext of the Sarkozi-Merkel alliance, which supports Berlusconi on one hand, and Gousgounis on the other, she would choose Gousgounis even in his old age.[21]

In the critique of the film Iron Man in the newspaper To Vima one of the leading actors is compared to a "caricature of Gousgounis with a beard".[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Κώστας Γκουσγκούνης". Retrodb. 
  2. ^ a b ""Τσόντα" α λα ελληνικά". Eleftherotypia. 2006-01-14. Retrieved 12 January 2014. Στις αρχές του 1980 ο θρυλικός σέξι σταρ ταινιών του είδους Κώστας Γκουζγκούνης βγαίνει στο... θέατρο με το ομώνυμο έργο δίνοντας πρωινές, απογευματινές και βραδινές παραστάσεις, γνωρίζοντας μεγάλες πιένες στο «Σταρ» αρχικά και μετά στο «Ελίτ». Ενα είδος ναυαγού Οδυσσέα με τους συντρόφους του στο νησί των Αμαζόνων, οι οποίες τους... ξεζουμίζουν. Πλάκες και ατάκες πιπεράτες από φιλοθεάμονες γυμνασιόπαιδες κατά τη διάρκεια της παράστασης θυμάται ο συγγραφέας. 
  3. ^ "ATHENSPLUS". Kathimerini. January 29, 2010. p. 3. Cheesy beyond belief, the Greek Cult Film Festival is running at Gagarin 205 (205 Liosion, tel 210.854.7600/1) until Saturday, with screenings beginning at 3.30 p.m. The man of honor at this year’s event is Greek porn legend Kostas Gousgounis 
  4. ^ "Ερωτικό καλτ α λα ελληνικά". Ta Nea. 07/02/2003. «Αυστηρώς ακατάλληλο» το 1ο φεστιβάλ cult, με «σταρ» όπως οι Κώστας Γκουσγκούνης  Check date values in: |date=, |year= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Κώστας Γκουσγκούνης: ευτυχώς που πέρναγα 60 χρόνια από το ντεμπούτο του θρύλου της σουρεαλιστικής σεξοκωμωδίας". Athens Voice. 07/09/2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "Come to Greece για να τη βρεις". Lifo. 
  7. ^ Maclean J. Storer (1 January 2008). Forward O Peasant. Gauss Publishing. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-9805149-0-2. It didn't really matter to him if she acted like someone out of Boat Bangers III, or perhaps more accurately, given the comedy aspect, like someone in a Costas Gousgounis film. 
  8. ^ Ζουμπουλάκης Γιάννης (2010-10-23). "Γυμνά σώματα σε σκοτεινές αίθουσες". To Vima. Την ίδια ώρα στην Ελλάδα ο Κώστας Γκουσγκούνης τα έδινε... όλα στον λαό με τα soft πορνό της εποχής. 
  9. ^ "Δελτίο Τύπου: 3ο Φεστιβάλ Cult Ελληνικού Κινηματογράφου". Enjoy.gr. Με τιμώμενο πρόσωπο το ανυπέρβλητο σύμβολο του σεξ, ΚΩΣΤΑ ΓΚΟΥΣΓΚΟΥΝΗ, το φεστιβάλ φτάνει πλεόν στο αποκορύφωμα της λάμψης του με τη βράβευση του πιο cult ήρωα όλων των εποχών, ανήμερα του εορτασμού του Αγίου Βαλεντίνου! Ο ανυπέρβλητος, θρυλικός Γκουσγκούνης θα βρεθεί στην σκηνή του Gagarin 205 για να παραλάβει από το σκηνοθέτη και επιστήθιο φίλο του, Νίκο Τριανταφυλλίδη, το μεγάλο βραβείο του φεστιβάλ σε μια ιστορική βραδιά! 
  10. ^ "Με Φαίδωνα Γεωργίτση και Γκουσγκούνη". Ethnos. 11/2/2009.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "Με Γκουσγκούνη - Φιλίνη". Ethnos. 2010-1-28.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ Μπάμπη Ακτσόγλου (2006-02-14). "4ο Φεστιβάλ Cult Ελληνικού Κινηματογράφου Τrash από τον τόπο σου". Athinorama. 
  13. ^ Stratos E. Constantinidis (2000). Greece in Modern Times: An Annotated Bibliography of Works Published in English in 22 Academic Disciplines During the 20th Century. Scarecrow Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-8108-3658-7. These responses have given rise to such phenomena as the "Gousgounis 300," a fan club named after a bald-headed porno star. The fans meet at the Esperia Cinema on Mondays at 6 p.m. where they hold a candlelight parade and sing club songs before attending the showing all together. If the film is mild, they take up a cry for a "tsonta," demanding the rare practice of splicing a small reel of hard-core porno ... 
  14. ^ Πέτρος Τατσόπουλος (2011-08-25). "Πέτρος Τατσόπουλος: "Εδώ δεν λειτούργησαν διαχωρισμοί στην κουλτούρα"". To Vima. Είμαι βέβαιος πώς αν βγείτε να ρωτήσετε τους σημερινούς εικοσιπεντάρηδες αν ξέρουν, για παράδειγμα, τον Γεώργιο Αθανασιάδη-Νόβα (που έχει μείνει στην ιστορία ως ο πρώτος «Πρωθυπουργός της Αποστασίας») ή τον Κώστα Γκουσγκούνη τα αποτελέσματα θα είναι συντριπτικά υπέρ του δεύτερου, τον πρώτο μπορεί να μην τον γνωρίζει κανείς. 
  15. ^ "100 στιγμές στην ιστορία της ελληνικής τηλεόρασης". To Vima. 1999-11-21. 
  16. ^ Γιωργος Μουμουσιας (2007). Με καμπανα παντελονι: στα ιχνη του '70. University Press Studio. p. 183. Μετά τα μέσα της δεκαετίας αναδείχθηκε με τις ταινίες σε σταρ πρώτου μεγέθους ο Γκουσγκούνης. Η απήχηση που είχαν οι ταινίες του Γκουσγκούνη (οι οποίες μάλλον για τη φαιδρότητά τους διακρίνονταν) στους νεαρούς της εποχής, ήταν .. 
  17. ^ Chrēstos Vakalopoulos (2005). Η ονειρικ́η υφ́η της πραγματικ́οτητας : κέιμενα για την επικοινων́ια και τον πολιτισμ́ο. Βιβλιοπωλέιον της Εστ́ιας. pp. 237, 582. ακόμη και ο Γκουσγκούνης θα μπορούσε να κάνει τέσσερεις ... 
  18. ^ Κωστα Θ. Καλφοπουλου (03-06-12). "Από τον ερωτισμό στην "τσόντα"". I Kathimerini. Retrieved 12 January 2014. ...αποθεώνοντας ταυτόχρονα την Γκιζέλα Ντάλι και τον Κώστα Γκουσγκούνη.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. ^ Phrenty Germanos (1969). Graps' to hopōs to leō. Grēgorē. pp. 19–20. Η πρωτοτυπη αυτή ιστορία είναι ο καμβας επανω στον οποιο κεντα ο κ. Γκουσγκούνης τήν σατανική γοητεία του. {Translation: This original story is the canvas upon which Mr. Gousgounis weaves his satanic charm.} Έν πάση περιπτώσει, λίγο πρϊν τελειώση το έργο, ό συνεταίρος τοϋ πρωταγωνιστού τόν ρωτά έκθαμβος: «"Ενα πράγμα δεν καταλαβαίνω, μωρέ παιδί μου, Πως τά καταφέρνεις και κόβεις δλες αύτές τις ... 
  20. ^ Kostis Kornetis (15 January 2013). Children Of The Dictatorship: Student Resistance, Cultural Politics and the "Long 1960s" in Greece. Berghahn Books. pp. 181–. ISBN 978-1-78238-001-6. ...youths shouted that they preferred watching the well-known porn star of the period, Kostas Gousgounis, to the film.69 
  21. ^ "Η κόκκινη Λιάνα από την Εκάλη". To Vima. 2010-12-17. Οταν οι επικοινωνιακοί πυλώνες αποπνέουν τον ερωτισμό του δίδυμου πύργου Σαρκοζί- Μέρκελ που στηρίζουν το στέμμα Μπερλουσκόνι,προτιμώ τον Γκουσγκούνη ακόμα και στα γεράματα...». 
  22. ^ "Χάρτινος ήρωας από ατσάλι στην οθόνη". To Vima. 2008-04-30. Κρίμα που δεν μπορούμε να πούμε το ίδιο για τον αγαπημένο Τζεφ Μπρίτζες, ο οποίος με το κρανίο γλόμπο και το μούσι θυμίζει καρικατούρα του Κώστα Γκουσγκούνη με γενειάδα, 

External links[edit]