Funeral of Kostroma. Drawing from the lubok. 19th century
Kostroma (Russian: Кострома́) is an East Slavic fertility goddess. The rites of Semik were devoted to her. During this festival a disguised girl or a straw figure portrayed Kostroma. First, a scarecrow was honored and revered. Then, participants of the rite mourned the death of Kostroma, and burned or tore the scarecrow. Rituals with Kostroma were aimed at improving soil fertility.