Kot Adu

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Kot Addu (Urdu: كوٹ ادُّو‎), (Punjabi: کوٹ ادو) is a city and capital of Kot Addu Tehsil in Muzaffargarh District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.The name of the city Kot Addu is due to Addu Khan Mirani from Mirani tribe. The city is subdivided into 28 Union Councils.[1] It is located in the southern part of the Punjab province, and is a very historic city. It has a population of over 800,000[citation needed], making it the 150th largest city in Pakistan. It is built just east of the Indus River, more or less in the centre of the country, and about 866 kilometres (538 mi) from Karachi, 600 kilometres (370 mi) from Islamabad, 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Multan, 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Dera Ghazi (DG) Khan, 60 kilometres (37 mi) from both Muzaffargarh, and Layyah and 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Taunsa Barrage. It is the birthplace of famous personalities including Hindi writer late Shri Chandragupta Vidyalankar, Milkha Singh, Pakistani famous singer late Pathanay Khan, famous magician Arshad Badi, late governor Punjab Nawab Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani whose direct descendent is Mian Saif-ud-din Ahmed Gurmani from Baloch tribe, Ghulam Mustafa Khar ex-governor Punjab,ex-cm Punjab, ex-federal minister WAPADA, Foreign minister Hina Rabbani Khar.

Kot Addu City attracts a number of tourists every year due to the Indus river and the public gardens.

Demographics[edit]

The majority of the poplulation speaks Seraiki Language.

  • Total Population
    • 880,438 Persons
  • Total area
    • 877,989 acres (3,553.10 km2)
  • Area under Cultivation
    • 424,521 acres (1,717.98 km2)[2][3]

List of Union Councils of Kot Adu[edit]

  • 1.ALURID
  • 2.BAIT QAIMWALA
  • 3.BHARRI HOG
  • 4.BUDH
  • 5.CHAK NO.547/TDA
  • 6.CHAK NO.565/TDA
  • 7.CHAK NO.632/TDA
  • 8.CHOWK SARWAR SHAHEED
  • 9 DD.PANAH
  • 10.DOGAR KOLASRA
  • 11.GHAZI GHATT
  • 12.HINJRAI
  • 13.IHSANPUR
  • 14.KOT ADU NO 2

14-F near market committee

  • 15.KOT ADU NO. 1
  • 16.KOT ADU NO.3
  • 17.MANHAN SHARIF
  • 18.MEHMOOD KOT
  • 19.MIRPUR BHAGAL
  • 20.PATAL MONDA
  • 21.PATTAL KOT ADU
  • 22.PATTI GHULAM ALI
  • 23.SANAWAN
  • 24.SHADI KHAN MONDA
  • 25.SHEIKH UMER
  • 26.THATHA GURMANI
  • 27.U.C.22 GUJRAT
  • 28.WAHANDUR[4][5]

Location[edit]

The city of Kot Addu is located in southern part of Punjab province and almost at the exact center of Pakistan. The area around the city is a flat plain and is ideal for agriculture. There are two main canals (Muzaffar, T.P link) and eight sub canals that cross Kot Addu, providing water from Indus River. *Coordinates **N 30° 28' 34 E 70° 57' 52

Language and literature[edit]

Being situated in centre of the province of Punjab majority of residents of Kot Adu speak Seraiki. The national language, Urdu is also spoken. The vast majority of the population is Muslim. English is widely understood among the educated.

Kot Adu is home to many literary figures and poets who are known throughout the country.The famous Hindi writer Late Shri Chandragupta Vidyalankar belonged to Kot Addu. He was born in Kot Addu in the year 1906. The famous folk singer Pathanay Khan belonged to this city. The recurring identification of misery of family of late Pathaney Khan, by the news report in daily Dawn on May 1, 2007, the international day of laborers, may still have not stirred the minds. In this small city of Kot Adu near High School No. 2, where Pathaney Khan has left his assets, consisted of one widow, sons and daughters and some priceless relics like Tabla, Harmonium etc. His fame and audience have crossed the shores of every continent, but no body could know his poor financial condition beyond appreciating his spiritual ‘kaffis’. He claimed that recording company did not pay his royalty in his last days of life. Afterwards, the family of the deceased was helped by very few organizations. Pathaney Khan is famous for singing Sufi poetry of “Baba Bhulley Shah”, “Khawja Ghulam Farid”, “Meda Ishq Vi Tu, Meda Yar Vi Tu”, “Mera Ranjhan Hun Koi Hor”, “Ghoom Charkhrya Ghoom”.

Educational institutions[edit]

Some Public sector institutes are; and most famous collage

  • crescent collage
  • Haillian Public School (Saleem Ansari) Kot Addu
  • The Planners School System mawashi mundi road
  • Mairi Darsgah School Kot Addu
  • Govt. Boys High School Kot Addu
  • Govt. Boys High School No.1 Kot Addu
  • Govt. Post Graduate College for Boys Kot Addu
  • Govt. Girls High School Kot Addu
  • Govt. Post Graduate College for Women Kot Addu.
  • Danish School System (DSS)
  • Learner's House School System (LHS)
  • Islamia Boys High School
  • Punjab Group of College Kot Addu
  • Ali Ibn e Talib Cadet College[6]
  • Moon of Heaven Commerce College
  • New Punjab Higher Secondary School
  • Punjab College of Physical Education and Management Sciences
  • Laoh-o-Qalam Secondary School
  • Moon of Heaven Public School
  • T.E.V.T.A Wood Work Center[7]
  • Government Commerce College[8]
  • Global College
  • Alhumd college
  • Ahad college
  • Islamia College
  • English Plus school System
  • Al-Rehman College
  • Tulip Montessori
  • madrasah muzahir ul uloom near Abulo ka chowk .
  • JAMIA MAZAHIR UL ULOOM under the guidance of abdul jalil and his son ishfaq qasmi

Kot addu has a literacy rate of 44 percent. Kot Adu is rich like other major cities of Punjab as far as schools and educational campuses are concerned. There are many colleges involved in the grooming of students and fulfilling desire of acquiring and distribution of knowledge and education. In last few years, mushroom growth of quality educational institution is observed in this region. And now there are various private commerce, science colleges, schools, academies and cadet colleges. There is one government degree college for boys and girls each. Several colleges affiliated with the Bahuddin Zakrya University B.Z.U Multan Pakistan and Punjab University in Lahore, Pakistan

Vocational Training Institute KOT ADDU www.pvtc.gop.pk Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC) is an autonomous corporate body established by the Punjab Government through the PVTC Act of 1998. Its mission is to alleviate poverty through Muslim charity (Zakat) and private sector participation by imparting demand driven skill training and enhancing employability for disadvantaged youth by VTIs. VTI Network since inception has expanded progressively. VTI Kot Addu is also one of those VTIs which were established on March 10, 2012 under expansion program. Currently, PVTC has a network of 164 institutes with the annual training capacity of 31,000 trainees and VTI KOT ADDU is one valuable addition in this noble cause. It is newly established institute in KOT ADDU, which is initially providing training to poor and needy persons of target area in following trades with collaboration of Punjab Skill Development Fund. Sr. No. Trade Name Duration of Course Trainee Strength 01 Computer Applications & Office Professional 04-Months 120 02 Tailoring 04-Months 60 03 Refrigeration & Air Conditioner 04-Months 55 04 Montor Cycle Mechanic 04-Months 30 Total 265

Like other Vocational Training Institutes in District MuzzafarGarh, VTI Kot Addu has launched MOZU Scholarship classes and PSDF Scholarships (Evening Classes) in its July 2012-13 admissions. In this regard, running trades along with trainees’ strength is as below. Sr. No. Trade Name Entry Level Duration of Course Trainee Strength 01 Computer Applications & Office Professional Matric 14-Months 28 02 Web & Graphic Designing (Female) Matric 14-Months 28 03 Dress Making (Female) Primary/Middle 14-Months 28 04 Repair & Maintenance of Electrical Appliances Middle 14-Months 28 05 Montorcycle Mechanic Primary 14-Months 28 Total 140

Industry[edit]

Kot Adu is a prominent commercial and industrial city in Punjab province. It is connected by road and rail with Lahore, Karachi, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Quetta, and Faisalabad; and also by air from Multan International Airport and Dera Ghazi Khan International Airport.

Main industries include:

  • Durrani Engineering Industry (Agriculture and construction machinery manufacturers since 1963)
  • Power Stations
    • Kot Adu Power Company (KAPCO)[9]
    • Lal-Peer Thermal Power Station[10]
    • Pak Arab Oil Refinery (PARCO)[11]
  • sugar Mills
    • Sheikhoo Sugar Mill[12]
    • Fatima Sugar Mill[13]
  • Flour Mills
    • Rahmat fine flour mill
    • Arif Afsal flour mill
    • Shoaib Qasim flour mill
    • Al-Rehman flour mill
  • OIL Mills
    • AL-Noor OIL Mill
    • Rahmat OIL Mill

.. Rice mills .. Rahmat rice mills Beside these, cotton factories; foundries; cotton, woollen and silk textile mills; flour, and oil mills are also located in this region. It is famous for its handicrafts (Kundar work), and cottage industries.

Health[edit]

There is one Government Civil Hospital and several Private hospitals in the city beside many small Government and Private Hospitals in the Unions of the Tehsil.

Agriculture[edit]

Kot Adu is also an important agricultural area. Total area of Tehsil Kot Adu is 8,77,989 Acres of which 4,24,521 acres is under cultivation. Main Crops of the area include corn, cotton, rice, sugarcane, tobacco, wheat

Besides these, bajra, moong, mash, masoor and oil seed such as rape / mustard and sun flower are also grown in the district.

Fruits such as mango, citrus, guavas and pomegranates are the main grown in the Kot Adu City. Date, jaman, pears, falsa and banana are also grown in minor quantities in the district.

One another local fruit which is called a bare. It is one of the main fruits grown in this region.

Due to the floodings, the crops are now rare, especially cotton and wheat product affected by this flooding. So now majority of the agriculture lands are covered by sugarcane. People either sold these sugarcane to sugar mills or produce Jaggery from sugarcane.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°28′N 70°58′E / 30.467°N 70.967°E / 30.467; 70.967