Kota is a language of the Dravidian language family with about 900 native speakers in the Nilgiri hills of Tamil Nadu state, India. It is spoken mainly by the tribal Kota people. While Kota and its closest neighbor, the Toda language, are part of the Dravidian language family, it has been identified to be part of the even smaller Nilgiri subgroup within that language family. In the late 1800s, the native speaking population was about 1,100. An increased presence of other surrounding dialects, however, has made Kota a "critically endangered" language due to a drastic decrease in the number of speakers.