||This article's introduction may be too long for the overall article length. (April 2014)|
Kothagudem club entrance
|• Body||TRS (TRS)|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Jalagam Venkat Rao|
|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TS 04|
|Sex ratio||1:1 ♂/♀|
Kothagudem is the main industrial town in Khammam district located about 270 km from Hyderabad. Kothagudem popularly known as coal town is the mandal HQ (Mdl code-17) in Khammam Dt, Telangana. Kothagudem and palvancha are the twin industrial towns in the state. Kothagudem is located at  It has an average elevation of 89 metres (295 ft) above seal level. The North of Kothagudem borders Chhattisgarh state which is approximately 120 km from the town. Kothagudem is the commercial capital of khammam district..
Kothagudem is the headquarters for Singareni Collieries Company Limited, the coal producing company in Telangana state, India. It produces 40 million tonnes of coal every year. The area is endowed with rich forests, industries and landscape. Kothagudem is located very near to the temple town of Lord Rama, known as Bhadrachalam. It is approximately 40 km from Bhadrachalam. The Railway station was originally named "Bhadrachalam Road", being the closest railway station to Bhadrachalam, an important pilgrimage location of Rama.
Kothagudem is taken from two words "Kotha" meaning "New" and "gudem" ~ town.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Kothagudem urban agglomeration had a population of 119,450, out of which males were 58,652 and females were 60,799. The literacy rate was 81.86 per cent. 
As of 2001 India census, Kothagudem had a population of 79,727. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kothagudem has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 63%. In Kothagudem, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. The estimated population of the twin towns viz., Kothagudem and Palvancha is around 5 lakhs (0.5 million)
Kothagudem is geographically part of Telangana Region and majority of People are Employees in big industries(Singareni, KTPS, NBV, NMDC) in and around the town. Singareni Colleries itself is having approximately 64,982 employees and majority of them reside in Company Quarters located 10 km from town.
Kothagudem is known for its record high temperatures during summer, often crossing 48 °C (118 °F) mark. It also has two extreme temperatures in the state as it touches 10 °C (50 °F) during winters and 50 °C (122 °F) during summers. In the recent years the temperature has regularly crossed 50 °C (122 °F) mark.In the year 2014 May to June temperature has reached a peak of 53 °C (127 °F) mark , it is interesting to hear that media & government doesn't display the exact figures of recorded temperatures, as they have to perform some social activities such as sprinkling the water on the roads ,hooking up the tents for pedestrians and travelers.Government doesn't provide sufficient funds to perform these activities and so this makes them not displaying the exact recorded temperatures.
The National Highway 221 (India), connecting Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh and Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh passes through Kothagudem. Kothagudem bus depot is one of the oldest bus depots in the district. Buses ply to various parts of the state. Kothagudem has a good road system which connects to Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Warangal, Godavarikhani, Vijayawada etc. The main Road connects to the Bus station and routes for Coal mines, Singareni Headquarters, Government offices, courts, stadium and many other government buildings etc., named after Mahatma Gandhi as M.G.Road.
Kothagudem Railway Station is referred as Bhadrachalam Road. This is one of the oldest railway stations in the Telangana. The train route initially started here for transporting coal to different parts of Nizam state. Later they started passenger trains to Hyderabad, Balharshah, Vijayawada etc.
Sports and recreation
Kothagudem stadium is one of the oldest stadiums in the country. Eminent Cricket players of repute viz Mohd. Azharuddin, Arun lal, Shivlal Yadav etc. played here through Ranji Trophy. The stadium also hosted several national tournaments including volleyball, Kabbadi etc. under the aegis of Sports council of the state.
Places of interest
Bhadrachalam- Lord Sri Rama's temple, Thrimatha panchayatana Kshetram (Three Goddess Temple), only the first of its kind in India; Kinnerasani Dam, Nava Bharat Balaji Temple, Garimellapadu forests, Wildlife sanctuary through the forests connecting Kothagudem and Palvancha etc., are notable places.
Media and communications
Kothagudem is regarded as the educational hub of Khammam district. There is a Kothagudem University College of Engineering, aliased Kothagudem School of mines, Kakatiya University],Only one of its kind in Andhra Pradesh. Besides these schools, the town has one of the oldest Government Polytechnic colleges in the state and Industrial Training Institutes in the state. There are many popular schools in this town:
- Government Polytechnic college Rudrampur
- Nava Bharat Public School (First CBSE School in Kotagudem)
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kottagudem
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Kothagudem". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- The Hindu article about Kothagudem.
- Nava Bharat Public School