Kotli Sattian Tehsil
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|Kotli Sattian Tehsil|
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Kotli Sattian is a tehsil (subdivision) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Its name is derived from the mountain town of Kotli and the Satti tribe. Main tribes of the area include the Satti, Khawaja, Dhanyal and Jasgam.Mir Butt Indian Kashmiri
Origins of name
- In the past during Ghakkar Khawaja era there was an outpost located at a place where present police station of Kotli Sattian exists. These check posts during those times were called kot. The local village around that kot became famous by the name kotli and later by kotli sattian to distinguish it from other places known as kotli.
- Kot means in Kathwali language a fort, Kotli a police choka and Kotla means police station. Karore and Lehtrarh were mega cities in the time of Raja Chach as mentioned in book[Chachnama]. This land was inhabited by Rajpoots since prehistoric period. However, due to migration of people during different historic eras Satti Rajputs and Kethwal Rajputs Khawaja Mir Butt Abbasi tribes kept their hold in this area. At the time of partition in 1947 few families of Sikh and Hindus also left the area.
Kotli Sattian, a subdivision of district Rawalpindi (Punjab) is bounded on the east by the river Jhelum, on the southwest by the river Soan: an ancient historical river of sub-continent, and on the north west by the Murree sub division: a scenic hill station of Pakistan. its heaving healthy environment and weather also. It is also bounded on the south by Kahuta tehsil. Kotli Sattian touches the Kashmir territory on the east by bridging the river Jhelum. It is the next door neighbour of Islamabad, the federal capital. The different areas of the sub division vary greatly from each other. The highest point is at Phofandi peak by the east of Patriata which is over 7,035 feet above sea level. The lowest point is on the river Jhelum near patton which is only 1,587 feet above sea level.
The population of the villages now comprising Kotli Sattian Town (tehsil) was 83,255 in 1981, while the 1998 census shows the figure at 81,523, an increase of minus 0.12 percent.
Kotli Sattian was earlier a part of Tehsil Murree. While establishing the Tehsil, some area of Tehsil Kahuta was also included in this separate tehsil. Its located at 50 km distance from Islamabad. It is situated with the bank of Jehlum river. Most front areas of AJK are Distt. Bagh, Rawalakot and Plandri. Jehlum River segregates Thoon and Plaay villages from AJK.