Kotor Varoš

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Kotor Varoš
Котор Варош
Coat of arms of Kotor Varoš
Coat of arms
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Dalibor Vučanović (SNSD) [20]
Area
 • Total 564,26 km2 (21,786 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 22,001
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 51

Kotor Varoš or Kotor-Varoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Котор Варош) is a town and municipality in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia, Republika Srpska.[1] [2][3][4]

History[edit]

In the seventh century this area was populated by South Slavs who were mixing all this with the natives until the present day. The autochthonous population of "Dobri Bošnjani" (Good Bosnians) in Kotor Varoš area were et least in majority. The first Bosnian State was established in 10th Century. According to the Chronicle of the priest of Duklja, half the 12th Šiprage's area is in province of Donji kraji (Down regions), dating back to 1322, 1323 and 1412. Stephen II Kotromanić (the Bosnian ban, 1322 -1353), gives away to Vukosav Hrvatinić (1322) the year of the parish Danica and Vrbanja with Ključ cities and Kotor as a personal possession, because he has this helped you when you download the Government in conflict with the Babunići (from Bosnia also). This feudal possession of Bosnia later, 1404. year even more bloated Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić, who called himself master of the Donji kraji (Lower Ends, the area of the Vrbas to over Sana river and later even more provinces).[5] Although the Hungarian Kings Louis I and Sigismund, tried to conquer Bosnia, not miscarriages. Even the Hungarian King Sigismund, and after 1411 year, Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić admitted the right of possession of the Donji kraji province. At that time, the cities of Kotor and Zvečaj in Rijesno near Banja Luka had a strategic importance for the defense of the Bosnian State. The city was first mentioned in the 10th century, when it was called Kotor. Varoš, added later, means "town" in Hungarian (város). The town has great historic importance to Serbs, Bosniaks and Croats.

In the medieval ages, Kotor Varoš belonged to the old state of Bosnia, province of Donji kraji (Lower regions), and after it was occupied by the Ottomans (1519).[6]

In 1878 to power come from the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and remain until the occurrence of the First Yugoslavia. After the December 1, 1918, Kotor Varoš are in Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, and Kingdom of Yugoslavia (to 1941). From 1929 to 1941, Kotor Varoš was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After the 2nd World War, Kotor Varoš was in FNRJ and SFRJ to 1992.

During the War in Bosnia (1992 – 1995), numerous religious and cultural monuments and landmarks were destroyed by various Serb paramilitary groups, such as the Roman Catholic Church in the centre of the town, as well as all of Muslim mosques. Also notable destruction was found in the southern "Čaršija" (bazaar) region of the town where nearly every single house was destroyed. Bosnian Serb-dominated parts of the town were mainly unaffected by the conflict. It is also important to note that due to the proximity (38 km) of Kotor Varoš to Banja Luka and that the city's post-war population demographic percentages were strongly impacted by this.

Serbs Police and Army forces were just devastated surrounding villages too, especially those upstream along the Vrbanja to Kruševo Brdo, as well as all non-Serbs villages downstream to Banja Luka. Actually, all of settlements in Vrbanja valley were extremely devastated and local inhabitants (Bosniaks and Croats) killed and displaced. Meny peoples are on the list of missing persons also.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][13][25][26][27][28][29]

Population[edit]

Population of Kotor Varoš Municipality
Census Year 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 14.056 (38,14%) 14.771 (41,36%) 15.255 (46,46%)
Bosniaks 11.090 (30,09%) 9.667 (27,06%) 8.366 (25,48%)
Croats 10.695 (29,02%) 9.572 (26,80%) 8.863 (26,99%)
Yugoslavians 745 (2,02%) 1.269 (3,55%) 176 (0,53%)
Others and Unknown 267 (0,72%) 434 (1,21%) 172 (0,52%)
Total 36.853 35.713 32.832

Kotor Varoš (populated place), Ethnic structure[edit]

Kotor Varoš
Census Year 1991. 1981. 1971.
Serbs 2.522 (34,03%) 1.310 (24,15%) 749 (19,99%)
Croats 2.432 (32,81%) 1.789 (32,98%) 1.490 (39,77%)
Bosniaks 1.800 (24,28%) 1.436 (26,47%) 1.342 (35,82%)
Yugoslavians 547 (7,38%) 787 (14,51%) 110 (2,93%)
Others and Unknown 110 (1,48%) 101 (1,86%) 55 (1,46%)
Total 7.411 5.423 3.746

[30][31]

Settlements[edit]

BaštinaBiliceBoljanićiBorci DonjiBorci GornjiĆorkovićiDuratovciGarićiGrabovicaHadrovciHrvaćaniJakotina • Kotor Varoš • Kruševo BrdoKruševo Brdo IKruševo Brdo IILipljeMaljevaMaslovareObodnikOrahovaPalivukPlitskaPodbrđePodosojePostojePrisočkaRadohovaRavneSelačkaSokolineStopanŠiboviŠiprageTovladićVaganiVarjačeVečićiViševiceVranićVrbanjciZabrđeZaselje.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1955): Prnjavor (List karte 1:100.000, Izohipse na 20 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
  2. ^ Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće „Sejtarija“, Sarajevo.
  3. ^ kartabih
  4. ^ Mučibabić B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo.
  5. ^ https://bs.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hvalov_zbornik&stable=0&shownotice=1
  6. ^ Malcolm N. (1996): Bosnia: A Short History. New, Updating Edition, New York University Press, ISBN 0814755615.
  7. ^ Gutman R. (1993): A witness to genocide: The 1993 Pulitzer Prize-Winning Dispatches on the "Ethnic Cleansing" of Bosnia. Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc., New York, ISBN 9780020329954.
  8. ^ Beč J. (1997): Pucanje duše. Samizdat B92, Beograd, ISSBN 86-7208-010-6.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ [3]
  12. ^ [4]
  13. ^ a b [5]
  14. ^ a b [6]
  15. ^ Fena, Agencija (2013): Obilježavanje 21. godišnjice stradanja Bošnjaka u Kotor-Varoši – Još se traži 277 osoba. Avaz, 03. 11. 2013.
  16. ^ [7]
  17. ^ [8]
  18. ^ [9]
  19. ^ [10]
  20. ^ [11]
  21. ^ [12]
  22. ^ [13]
  23. ^ [14]
  24. ^ http://www.search-document.com/
  25. ^ [15]
  26. ^ [16]
  27. ^ [17]
  28. ^ [18]
  29. ^ [19]
  30. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva - Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", Statistički bilten No 234, Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
  31. ^ Internet - Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" - http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/nacion%20po%20mjesnim.pdf

Gallery[edit]

Features[edit]

The city also features a large monument to the local partisans who died for Yugoslavia during the fighting with the German and Ustaša forces during WW2.

Sister cities[edit]

Populated places in Bosnia and Herzegovina