Kotwal (Marathi: कोतवाल) is a surname found in Deshastha Brahmin and Maratha communities in the state of Maharashtra, India. In Maratha community, Kotwal was a title conferred upon influential people similar to Inamdari or Deshmukhi.
The surname is also common among "Rajputs" in northern states in India, especially J&K and Himachal Pradesh. North Indian people with this surname generally belong, or can trace their lineage to the town of Bhaderwah in Doda District, J&K. There is a significant concentration of Kotwal community in and around the city of Jammu.
Kotwal is also a surname used among the Parsis in India.