Koufalia

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Koufalia
Κουφάλια
Kufalovo 186.jpg
Location
Koufalia is located in Greece
Koufalia
Koufalia
Coordinates 40°46.7′N 22°34.6′E / 40.7783°N 22.5767°E / 40.7783; 22.5767Coordinates: 40°46.7′N 22°34.6′E / 40.7783°N 22.5767°E / 40.7783; 22.5767
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Macedonia
Regional unit: Thessaloniki
Municipality: Chalkidona
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 10,579
 - Area: 106.128 km2 (41 sq mi)
 - Density: 100 /km2 (258 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 8,139
 - Area: 67.591 km2 (26 sq mi)
 - Density: 120 /km2 (312 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 15–65 m ­(49–213 ft)
Postal code: 571 00
Telephone: +30-2391-xxx-xxx
Auto: NAx-xxxx to NXx-xxxx

Koufalia (Greek: Κουφάλια) is a municipal unit and a town of the Chalkidona municipality.[2] Koufalia is the seat of the municipality of Chalkidona.[1] Before the 2011 local government reform it was a municipality.[3]

Administrative division[edit]

The municipal unit of Koufalia consists of two communities:[1]

  • Koufalia (population 8,139)
  • Prochoma (population 2,440)

The aforementioned population figures are as of 2011.[1]

Geography[edit]

Koufalia is located 40 kilometres North-West of the City of Thessaloniki, and virtually by the Axios river. The community of Koufalia covers an area of 67.591 km2 while the municipal unit covers an area of 106,128 km2.[3]

History[edit]

Koufalia is built north of the ancient city of Ichnae (IXNAI). Most of its population originates from the town of Kavakli in Bulgaria.[4] They moved to the area after the 1919 signing of the Treaty of Neuilly between Greece and Bulgaria that forced a population exchange between the two countries. In return the mostly Bulgarian population of the village immigrated to Bulgaria, settling mainly on the Black Sea coast, in the area of Anchialo.[5] The population called the city Koufalovo (Bulgarian: Куфалово). There are also Ntopioi and Greek refugees from Asia Minor and Thrace.[4]

Culture[edit]

It has a number of cultural organisations, the main one being “Megas Alexandros” (Alexander the Great); it was founded in 1980. It has its own lending library as well as a blood bank for humanitarian purposes. Every year it organises the “River Party” on the banks of the Axios river, from 24–26 July, and religious festivals (Greek: πανηγύρια).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ a b "Πίνακας 3. Πραγματικός πληθυσμός, επιφάνεια και πυκνότητα του πληθυσμού, με διάκριση σε αστικές και αγροτικές περιοχές καθώς και σε πεδινές, ημιορεινές και ορεινές περιοχές. Μέσος σταθμικός των υψομέτρων.". Ελληνική Στατιστική Αρχή (Hellenic Statistical Authority). Retrieved 11 December 2013.  (Greek)
  4. ^ a b "Κουφάλια". Municipality of Chalkidona. Retrieved 29 March 2014. (Greek)
  5. ^ Brancoff, D.M. "La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne". Paris, 1905, pp. 218-219