Kouga Local Municipality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kouga
Local municipality
Official seal of Kouga
Seal
Location in the Eastern Cape
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 34°02′S 24°46′E / 34.033°S 24.767°E / -34.033; 24.767Coordinates: 34°02′S 24°46′E / 34.033°S 24.767°E / -34.033; 24.767
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Cacadu
Seat Jeffreys Bay
Wards 15
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Mr Booi Koerat
 • Manager Mr Sidney Fadi
Area
 • Total 2,670 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 98,558
 • Density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 38.8%
 • Coloured 42.6%
 • Indian/Asian 0.2%
 • White 17.6%
First languages (2011)[3]
 • Afrikaans 59.4%
 • Xhosa 30.5%
 • English 6.5%
 • Other 3.6%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code EC108

The Kouga Local Municipality is located in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, approximately 80 km west of Port Elizabeth, and forms part of the Cacadu District Municipality. Its territory includes the coastal zone between the Van Stadens River in the east and the Tsitsikamma River in the west, and stretches inland towards the Baviaanskloof Mountains in the north.

Regional access to the area is obtained via the N2 National Route from Port Elizabeth to Cape Town.

Topography and climate[edit]

The municipality is characterised by 3 main topographical regions:

  • The coastal region stretches from the Van Stadens River in the east through the Tsitsikamma River in the west. This zone includes the towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, and Oyster Bay. The coast serves as a major national and regional tourism attraction.
  • The Gamtoos River Valley is characterised by wide, fertile flood plains associated with low-lying land, with steep less-fertile slopes flanking the Valley. The towns of Hankey and Patensie, Loerie and Thornhill are focal points of this high-potential agricultural region.
  • The Humansdorp and Kruisfontein area is characterised by moderate slopes in the south, with steeper slopes towards the north and northwest.[4]

The four main rivers in the area — the Kromme, Seekoei, Kabeljouws and Gamtoos — are all tidal rivers. The Kromme River and Gamtoos River are significant sources of water supply. Ground water forms another major component of domestic water supply for towns in the Kouga region, especially Humansdorp, Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay. Aquifers are also utilised in the agricultural sector for irrigation of pastures.

There are numerous areas of wetland adjacent to the region's rivers and on the coastal platform. These wetlands are extremely sensitive to disturbances such as agricultural activities and development. The wetlands accommodate high species diversity, and fulfil natural water purification and flood retention roles.

The climate of the Kouga region is subtropical, which makes the area conducive to a range of outdoor activities and various types of agricultural production. Rainfall varies between 650 mm per year (St Francis Bay area) to 400 mm (Gamtoos River Valley). The area is generally described as windy.[5]

Towns and settlements[edit]

More than 70% of the population of the Kouga region lives in urban areas.[6]

Humansdorp, with over 24,000 residents, has an established infrastructure and acts as a regional service centre, supplying the surrounding agricultural communities and the coastal towns with commodities and services. Commercial and industrial activities of the region are centred in Humansdorp.

The coastal towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay are well-established tourist destinations. Jeffreys Bay has a population of over 40,000 with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% or higher, making it one of the fastest growing towns in South Africa.[6]

The urban areas of Hankey and Patensie, situated in the Gamtoos River Valley, provide important services to the surrounding high-density agriculture industry.

Other settlements in the Kouga region include: Andrieskraal, Aston Bay, Centerton, Gamtoos Mouth, Kruisfontein, Kwanomzamo, Loerie, Ocean View, Oyster Bay, Paradise Beach, Pellsrus, Ramaphoza Village, Sea Vista, Thornhill, Tokyo Sexwale, Umzamowethu and Weston.

Politics[edit]

The municipal council consists of twenty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifteen councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifteen wards, while the remaining fourteen are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of fifteen seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.[7][8]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
African National Congress 16,607 17,184 33,791 49.0 9 6 15
Democratic Alliance 16,381 16,551 32,932 47.8 6 8 14
Independent 1,129 1,129 1.6 0 0
Freedom Front Plus 286 240 526 0.8 0 0 0
Kouga 2000 241 245 486 0.7 0 0 0
South African Progressive Civic Organisation 36 32 68 0.1 0 0 0
Total 34,680 34,252 68,932 100.0 15 14 29
Spoilt votes 433 861 1,294

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[9]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken language
Aston Bay 20801 2.12 918 Afrikaans
Cape St Francis 20802 2.51 165 Afrikaans
Hankey 20803 20.24 8,281 Afrikaans
Humansdorp 20804 35.94 15,338 Afrikaans
Jeffreys Bay 20805 11.25 14,775 Afrikaans
KwaNomzamo 20807 1.21 6,553 Xhosa
Loerie 20808 0.42 1,824 Afrikaans
Oyster Bay 20809 1.34 348 Afrikaans
Paradise Beach 20810 3.79 492 Afrikaans
Patensie 20811 6.68 4,271 Afrikaans
St Francis Bay 20812 7.34 2,195 Afrikaans
Sunnyside 20813 0.14 208 Afrikaans
Thornhill 20814 1.46 1,294 Afrikaans
Weston 20815 0.68 1,540 Xhosa
Remainder of the municipality 20806 2,322.26 12,489 Afrikaans

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 19. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  5. ^ "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 20. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  6. ^ a b "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 22. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  7. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Kouga". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Kouga". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa

References[edit]

External links[edit]