Kouga Local Municipality
Location in the Eastern Cape
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Mr Booi Koerat|
|• Manager||Mr Sidney Fadi|
|• Total||2,670 km2 (1,030 sq mi)|
|• Density||37/km2 (96/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||38.8%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
The Kouga Local Municipality is located in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, approximately 80 km west of Port Elizabeth, and forms part of the Cacadu District Municipality. Its territory includes the coastal zone between the Van Stadens River in the east and the Tsitsikamma River in the west, and stretches inland towards the Baviaanskloof Mountains in the north.
Topography and climate
The municipality is characterised by 3 main topographical regions:
- The coastal region stretches from the Van Stadens River in the east through the Tsitsikamma River in the west. This zone includes the towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, and Oyster Bay. The coast serves as a major national and regional tourism attraction.
- The Gamtoos River Valley is characterised by wide, fertile flood plains associated with low-lying land, with steep less-fertile slopes flanking the Valley. The towns of Hankey and Patensie, Loerie and Thornhill are focal points of this high-potential agricultural region.
- The Humansdorp and Kruisfontein area is characterised by moderate slopes in the south, with steeper slopes towards the north and northwest.
The four main rivers in the area — the Kromme, Seekoei, Kabeljouws and Gamtoos — are all tidal rivers. The Kromme River and Gamtoos River are significant sources of water supply. Ground water forms another major component of domestic water supply for towns in the Kouga region, especially Humansdorp, Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay. Aquifers are also utilised in the agricultural sector for irrigation of pastures.
There are numerous areas of wetland adjacent to the region's rivers and on the coastal platform. These wetlands are extremely sensitive to disturbances such as agricultural activities and development. The wetlands accommodate high species diversity, and fulfil natural water purification and flood retention roles.
The climate of the Kouga region is subtropical, which makes the area conducive to a range of outdoor activities and various types of agricultural production. Rainfall varies between 650 mm per year (St Francis Bay area) to 400 mm (Gamtoos River Valley). The area is generally described as windy.
Towns and settlements
More than 70% of the population of the Kouga region lives in urban areas.
Humansdorp, with over 24,000 residents, has an established infrastructure and acts as a regional service centre, supplying the surrounding agricultural communities and the coastal towns with commodities and services. Commercial and industrial activities of the region are centred in Humansdorp.
The coastal towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay are well-established tourist destinations. Jeffreys Bay has a population of over 40,000 with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% or higher, making it one of the fastest growing towns in South Africa.
Other settlements in the Kouga region include: Andrieskraal, Aston Bay, Centerton, Gamtoos Mouth, Kruisfontein, Kwanomzamo, Loerie, Ocean View, Oyster Bay, Paradise Beach, Pellsrus, Ramaphoza Village, Sea Vista, Thornhill, Tokyo Sexwale, Umzamowethu and Weston.
The municipal council consists of twenty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifteen councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifteen wards, while the remaining fourteen are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of fifteen seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||16,607||17,184||33,791||49.0||9||6||15|
|Freedom Front Plus||286||240||526||0.8||0||0||0|
|South African Progressive Civic Organisation||36||32||68||0.1||0||0||0|
|Place||Code||Area (km2)||Population||Most spoken language|
|Cape St Francis||20802||2.51||165||Afrikaans|
|St Francis Bay||20812||7.34||2,195||Afrikaans|
|Remainder of the municipality||20806||2,322.26||12,489||Afrikaans|
- "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 19. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 20. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)". Kouga Local Municipality. p. 22. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- "Results Summary – All Ballots: Kouga". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Seat Calculation Detail: Kouga". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
- Official website
- Official Tourism website
- Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012). Kouga Local Municipality. Retrieved on 5 October 2009.
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