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Located in the plain of Seno, the soils are sandy. Apart from some seasonal ponds during the rainy season, there is no perennial surface water and groundwater. The water at depth is barely exploited.
Sparse natural vegetation is composed by a few species such as balanza, plum tree, kapok tree, shea butter, tamarind, baobab, neem and acacia etc. In terms of wildlife, there are hares, squirrels, reptiles, partridges, hawks, storks, crows,etc.
Koulogon is located in the area called the Séno which, with a rainfall of 500 mm per year is conducive to the cultivation of millet. A portion of the crop is sold to merchants from Mopti and Burkinabe neighbours. Other crops are also present including groundnuts, cowpeas, sesame etc.). Due to soil depletion and declining rainfall, yields are declining.
The municipality has two community schools (at Koulogon and Soguina), three medersas (at Koulogon, Soguina and Anamoïla) and three literacy centers (at Soguina, Koulogon and Anamoïla).
- "Previsions de desserte des communes pour la periode de 2001-2005". Mali Reforme Telecom. Retrieved February 23, 2009.