Kovačica

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Kovačica
Ковачица
Kovačica
Municipality and Town
The Evangelical (Slovak) church
The Evangelical (Slovak) church
Coat of arms of Kovačica
Coat of arms
Kovačica is located in Serbia
Kovačica
Kovačica
Location of Kovačica within Serbia
Kovačica is located in Vojvodina
Kovačica
Kovačica
Location of Kovačica within Vojvodina
Coordinates: 45°6′42″N 20°37′17″E / 45.11167°N 20.62139°E / 45.11167; 20.62139Coordinates: 45°6′42″N 20°37′17″E / 45.11167°N 20.62139°E / 45.11167; 20.62139
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District South Banat
Government
 • Mayor Miroslav Krišan
Elevation 78 m (256 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Kovačica 6,259
 • Metro 25,274
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26210
Area code(s) +381(0)13
Car plates PA
Website www.kovacica.org

Kovačica (pronounced [koʋǎtʃitsa]) is a town and municipality located in the South Banat District of Vojvodina, Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 6,259, while Kovačica municipality has 25,274 inhabitants.[1] It is widely known for its naïve art.

Name[edit]

In Serbian the town is known as Kovačica (Ковачица), in Slovak as Kovačica, in Hungarian as Antalfalva, in Romanian as Covăcița, and in German as Kowatschitza.

Inhabited places[edit]

Kovačica municipality includes the town of Kovačica and the following villages:

The municipality is divided into 8 local communities.


Kovačica
Municipality
of Kovačica

Flag of Serbia.svg
Map of Kovačica municipality

Ethnic groups (2011 census)[edit]

The ethnic groups in the Kovačica municipality are:[1]

Communities with Slovak majorities are: Kovačica (Slovak: Kovačica) and Padina (Slovak: Padina). Communities with Serb majorities are: Crepaja, Idvor, Putnikovo and Samoš. There is one community with a Hungarian majority: Debeljača (Hungarian: Torontálvásárhely), and one community with a Romanian majority: Uzdin (Romanian: Uzdin).

Geography[edit]

The town of Kovačica is located 27 km from Pančevo and 47 km from Belgrade. Kovačica lies in the wide Pannonian plain.

History[edit]

The town was founded in the 18th century, but there are records of small settlements dating from 1458. In the middle of the 18th century, this area was recorded as wasteland. Settlement was founded in 1750 and was settled (in 1751-1752) by Serb soldiers from Potisje and Pomorišje, after military frontier in these regions was abolished. In 1767, Kovačica was included into German regiment of Banatian Military Frontier. First Slovaks came here from Ečka and Aradac (in 1783) and after them, Slovaks from Arvas, Trenčin and Bekeš county came here as well (in 1801). From the middle of the 19th century, Kovačica is a center of municipality and cultural and social center of Slovaks in Banat.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Territory Municipality of Kovačica % Banat
Area, km², 1999 419 4.26 9830
Number of settlement, 1999 8 4.02 199
Population by 1971 census 33489 4.44 754403
Population by 1981 census 32798 4.33 758321
Population by 1991 census 30469 4.18 729564
Total population age of 60 or more – by 1991 census 6342 4.51 140723
Total productive population by 1991 census 18700 4.12 453859
Total male productive population (age 15 to 64 ) by 1991 census 10016 4.19 238937
Total female productive population (age 15 to 59 ) by 1991 census 8684 4.04 214922
Share of agricultural population in total country population (%) by 1991 census 28.7 56.83 50.5
Share of agricultural population in active population in the country (%) by 1991 census 32 49.92 64.1
Number of households by 1991 census 10235 4.15 246839
Share of agricultural households in total number of households(%) by 1991 census 62.1 48.21 128.8
Increase in the population by year 2000 -184 3.67 -5009
Total number of employed 4232 2.52 168033
Females in total number of employed (%) by year 2000 - annual average 36.5 28.65 127.4
Income per capita (din) by year 1999 15660 28.05 55837
Income per capita (din) by year 2000 34548 27.95 123593
Agricultural area (km²) by year 2001 - Individual agricultural households and other 366.32 4.38 8360.14
Forest area (km²) by year 2000 0.39 0.15 268.60
Number of built apartments per 1000 citizens by year 2000 1.5 45.45 3.3
Total road length (km), by year 2000 74 2.99 2477
Phone subscribers, by year 2000 5779 3.27 176522
Net salaries per employee – average January /December 2000 2412 30.29 7963
Elementary schools 1999/2000 – end of a school year 8 3.69 217
High schools 1999/2000 – end of a school year 1 2.17 46
College 2000/2001 school year 0 0 3
Universities 2000/2001 school year 0 0 3
Graduated university students, 2000/2001 school year 0 0 146

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kovačica is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by ethnicity – Kovačica". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Source: Stevan Kovačević, Gradovi Srbije u slici i reči, Beograd, 2010.

External links[edit]