Clockwise from top: Avinashi Road, Perur Pateeswarar Temple, Victoria Town Hall, Ukkadam Periyakulam Lake, PSG College of Technology, Tidel Park
|Nickname(s): Manchester of South India|
|• Mayor||S. M. Velusamy|
|• Corporation Commissioner||G. Latha, IAS|
|• Metropolitan City||246.75 km2 (95.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||411.2 m (1,349.1 ft)|
|• Metropolitan City||1,050,721|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TN 37 (South), TN 38 (North), TN 66 (Central), TN 99 (West)|
|Official languages||Tamil; English|
Area Note 1: The pre expansion area of city limits was 105.6 sq.km. The 2010 expansion order added 12 local bodies and increased the total area to 265.36 sq.km. However in 2011, three of the local bodies were dropped from the expansion and two more added instead. Those removed were – Vellalore (16.64 sq.km), Chinniampalayam (9.27 sq.km) and Perur (6.40sq.km). Those added were – Vellakinar (9.20) and Chennavedampatti (4.5). So the actual area post expansion is 246.75 sq. km.
Coimbatore (Tamil pronunciation: [koːjəmbʉt̪t̪uːr]; also known as Kovai, [koːʋəj] ( )), is a city in India. It is the second largest city and urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, after Chennai and the sixteenth largest urban agglomeration of India. It is one of the fastest growing tier-II cities in India and a major textile, industrial, commercial, educational, information technology, healthcare and manufacturing hub of Tamil Nadu. Other important industries include software services. It is the capital city in the Kongu Nadu region and is often referred to as the Manchester of South India. The city is located on the banks of the Noyyal River surrounded by the Western Ghats and is administered by the Coimbatore Municipal Corporation. Coimbatore has been ranked 4th among Indian cities in investment climate by CII and ranked 17th among the top global outsourcing cities by Tholons. Coimbatore is the fourth largest metropolis in South India. Coimbatore city is the administrative capital of Coimbatore district.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Climate
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Administration
- 7 Urban structure
- 8 Suburban areas
- 9 Politics
- 10 Economy
- 11 Culture
- 12 Transport
- 13 Education
- 14 Media and communication
- 15 Healthcare
- 16 Sports
- 17 Recreation
- 18 Environmental issues
- 19 International relations
- 20 See also
- 21 References
- 22 External links
One theory for the city's name states that Coimbatore is a derivation of coimbatore (lit. new town of covai), chieftain Kovan or Koyan, who ruled the region around the city. Kovaiputhor or coimbator evolved into coimbator or coimbatore, which was anglicised as Coimbatore. Another suggested etymology involves the Dravidian root āru 'river' (DED 4233). Yet another theory states that the name could have been derived from Koniamman, the goddess whose temple is situated in the city. Henry Whitehead in his Village Gods of South India (1921) states that the goddess worshipped by Koyan came to be called as Koyamma which evolved into Kovaiamma and later Koniamma.
The region around Coimbatore was ruled by Sangam Cheras and it served as the eastern entrance to the Palakkad Gap, the principal trade route between the west coast and Tamil Nadu. The Kossar tribe mentioned in the second century CE Tamil epic Silappathikaram and other poems in Sangam literature is associated with the Coimbatore region (Kongu Nadu). Large numbers of Roman coins and other artifacts have been unearthed around Coimbatore, indicating the region's ties with Roman traders. The Coimbatore region is in the middle of the "Roman trail" that extended from Muziris to Arikamedu. The medieval Cholas conquered the Kongu Nadu in the 10th century CE. A Chola highway called "Rajakesari Peruvazhi" ran through the region. Much of Tamil Nadu came under the rule of the Vijayanagara Empire by the 15th century. The Vijayanagara reign brought new settlers from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. In the 1550s, the military governors (Madurai Nayaks) of the Vijaynagara Empire took control of the region. After the Vijayanagara Empire fell in the 17th century, the Madurai Nayaks established their state as an independent kingdom, with other Vijayanagar offshoots forming new kingdoms in Vellore, Tanjore, Gingee, Chandragiri and Mysore. The Nayaks introduced the Palayakkarar system under which Kongu nadu region was divided into 24 Palayams.
In the later part of the 18th century, the Coimbatore region came under the Kingdom of Mysore,following a series of wars with the Madurai Nayak Dynasty.When part of Kingdom of Mysore the region was under the administration of Hyder Ali and later Tipu Sultan of Mysore. After defeating Tipu Sultan in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the British East India Company annexed Coimbatore to the Madras Presidency in 1799. The Coimbatore region played a prominent role in the Second Poligar War (1801) when it was the area of operations of Dheeran Chinnamalai. In 1865, Coimbatore was established as the capital of the newly formed Coimbatore district and in 1866 it was accorded municipality status. Sir Robert Stanes became the first Chairman of the Coimbatore City Council. Industrialization of the region begin in 1888 and continued into the 20th century. The region was hard hit during the Great Famine of 1876–78 resulting in nearly 200,000 famine related fatalities. On 8 February 1900 an earthquake struck Coimbatore damaging many buildings. The first three decades of the 20th century, saw nearly 20,000 plague-related deaths and an acute water shortage. The city experienced a textile boom in the 1920s and 1930s due to the decline of the Cotton industry in Mumbai. The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. Post independence, Coimbatore has seen rapid growth due to industrialisation. In 1981, Coimbatore was constituted as a corporation.
Coimbatore is situated in the west of Tamil Nadu, bordering Palakkad district of the state of Kerala. It is surrounded by the Western Ghats mountain range to the West and the North, with reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side. The Noyyal River runs through Coimbatore and forms the southern boundary of the corporation. The city sits amidst Noyyal's basin area and has an extensive tank system fed by the river and rainwater. The eight major tanks / wetland areas of Coimbatore are – Singanallur, Valankulam, Ukkadam Periyakulam, Selvampathy, Narasampathi, Krishnampathi, Selvachinthamani, and Kumaraswami. Sanganur pallam, Kovilmedu pallam, Vilankurichi-Singanallur Pallam, Karperayan Koil pallam, Railway feeder roadside drain, Tiruchy-Singanallur Check drain and Ganapathy pallam are some of the streams that drain the city.
The eastern side of the Coimbatore district, which includes the city, is predominantly dry. The western and northern parts of the district border the Western Ghats the Nilgiri biosphere, the Anaimalai range and the Munnar range. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the Palghat Gap is the western boundary. Because of its close proximity to the Western Ghats, the district is rich in fauna. The Coimbatore urban wetlands harbours around 116 species of birds. Of these, 66 are resident, 17 are migratory and 33 are local migrants. Spot-billed Pelican, Painted Stork, Open Billed Stork, Ibis, Spot-billed Duck, Teal, Black Winged Stilt are some of the migratory birds that visit Coimbatore wetlands regularly.
Apart from the species common to the plains, wild elephants, wild boars leopards, tigers, bison, various species of deer, Nilgiri Tahr, sloth bear and black-headed Oriole can also be found. The Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary 88 km (55 mi) in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 1,400 meters covers an area of 958 square kilometres (370 sq mi). More than 20% of the district is classified as forest, lying in the west and north. The forests here are abundant in commercially significant trees such as teak, sandalwood, rosewood and bamboo. The Nilgiris slope of the Mettupalayam range is rich in sandalwood trees and bamboo. They vary from rich tropical evergreen forests of the Punachi range to jungles of shrubs in southern ranges. Apart from the high altitude regions of Western Ghats, most of the forest area has come under Lantana invasion. The locals refer to this as Siriki Chedi.
Coimbatore has a pleasant, salubrious climate due to its proximity to thickly forested mountain ranges and the cool breeze blowing through the Palghat gap which makes the consistently hot temperatures pleasant. Under the Köppen climate classification, the city has a tropical wet and dry climate, with the wet season being from October to December due to the northeast monsoon. Coimbatore is located at an elevation of about 411 meters. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures varies between 35 °C (95 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F). highest temperature ever recorded is 41 °C (106 °F) and lowest is 12 °C (54 °F).
Due to the presence of the mountain pass, more elevated parts of the district benefit from the south-west monsoon in the months from June to August. After a warm, humid September, the main monsoon starts from October lasting till early November. These monsoons are brought about by the retreating monsoon. The average annual rainfall is around 700 mm (27.6 in) with the North East and the South West monsoons contributing to 47% and 28% respectively to the total rainfall. This rainfall is not enough to sustain the needs of the city for the entire year and the shortage is made up through water supply schemes like Siruvani, Pilloor and Athikadavu.
The soil is predominantly black, which is suitable for cotton cultivation, but some red loamy soil is also found. Coimbatore falls under the Class III/IV Seismic Zone, having experienced a 6.0 Richter scale earthquake in 1900.
|Climate data for Coimbatore|
|Record high °C (°F)||33
|Average high °C (°F)||30
|Average low °C (°F)||19
|Record low °C (°F)||15
|Rainfall mm (inches)||14
|Source: Indian Meteorological Department|
According to 2011 census, Coimbatore had a population of 1,050,721 with a sex-ratio of 997 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 102,069 were under the age of six, constituting 52,275 males and 49,794 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 10.27% and .07% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 82.43%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. There were a total of 425,115 workers, comprising 1,539 cultivators, 2,908 main agricultural labourers, 11,789 in house hold industries, 385,802 other workers, 23,077 marginal workers, 531 marginal cultivators, 500 marginal agricultural labourers, 1,169 marginal workers in household industries and 20,877 other marginal workers.
As per the 2001 census, Coimbatore had a population of 1,565,797 within Municipal Corporation limits. The population of the urban agglomeration as per 2011 census is 2,136,916. In the urban agglomeration, males constitute 50.08% of the population and females 49.92%. Coimbatore has an average literacy rate of 89.23%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 93.17% and female literacy is 85.3% with 8.9% of the population under 6 years of age. The Sex ratio was 964 females per 1000 males. In 2005, the crime rate in the city was 265.9 per 100,000 people, accounting for 1.2% of all crimes reported in major cities in India. It ranked 21st among 35 major cities in India in the incidence of crimes. In 2011, the population density in the city was 10,052 per km² (26,035 per mi²).
The native language spoken in the Coimbatore city is Tamil. The city's population is predominantly Hindu, along with a small group of Muslim population. Christians, Sikhs and Jains are also present in small numbers. Coimbatore also has a large number of Kannadigas / Telugus, Malayalis, mainly from Palakkad and North Indians, mainly Gujaratis, who are engaged in trade and commerce. During the 1970s the city witnessed a population explosion as a result of migration fuelled by increased economic growth and job opportunities. Around 8% of the city's population lives in slums.
Coimbatore is a Municipal corporation as well as the headquarters of the Coimbatore District. The city is divided into five administrative zones – East, West, North, South and Central, each further subdivided into 20 wards. Each ward is represented by a councillor who is elected by direct election. Councillors from each zone also elect a Zonal Ward Committee chairman and most importantly the Deputy Mayor through their numbers . The Mayor of Coimbatoreis elected by the city's voters directly (During 2006– 2011, the Mayor was elected through indirect election). The executive wing of the corporation is headed by a Corporation Commissioner. The corporation runs and maintains basic services like water, sewage and roads. In the last local body elections in 2011, AIADMK won majority of the council seats and AIADMK's S.M.Velusamy became Coimbatore's mayor. The District itself is administered by the District Collector. The District court is the highest court of appeal in Coimbatore. The Coimbatore City Police is headed by a Commissioner and there are 18 Police stations in the city.
Coimbatore is divided into four broad regions: North, Central, South and East. Coimbatore East and its surrounding region is primarily a textile and industrial hub. Central Coimbatore is the commercial heart of the city. Coimbatore, is surrounded by the mountains on the west, and the reserve forests on the northern side. The western and northern part of the district borders the Western Ghats with the Nilgiri biosphere. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the Palghat Gap provides its boundary with the metropolitan area limits.
A large part of the Coimbatore urban agglomeration falls outside the Municipal corporation limits. These suburbs are governed by local bodies called Village Panchayats and Town Panchayats. Besides the Coimbatore Municipal Corporation, the Coimbatore UA comprises the town panchayats of Vellalur, Irugur, Sulur, Pallapalayam, Kannampalayam,Chinna Thadagam Veerapandi, Periyanaickenpalayam, Narasimhanaickenpalayam, Idikarai, Vedapatti, Perur, Kuniyamuthur, Madukkarai, Ettimadai, Dhaliyur, Thondamuthur, Thirumalayampalayam, Othakalmandapam, Podanur, Chettipalayam, Alanthurai, Pooluvapatti, Thenkarai, Karumathampatti, Sarcarsamakulam, Mopperipalayam and Gudalur and census towns of Ashokapuram, Kurudampalayam, Malumichampatti, Selvapuram, Chettipalayam, Sulur, Chinniampalayam, Somayampalayam, Muthugundun Pudur, Arasur, Kaniyur and Neelambur These local bodies are in turn split into wards each electing a councillor through direct election. The head of the local body known as president is elected by the councillors from among their number.
Coimbatore elects five members to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and one member to the Indian Parliament. The five legislative assembly constituencies in the city are Coimbatore North, Coimbatore South, Kaundampalayam, Singanallur and Sulur. All five are part of the Coimbatore Parliamentary Constituency. Till 2009, there were only four assembly constituencies in Coimbatore – Coimbatore East, Coimbatore West, Singanallur, and Perur. Also about 20% of the urban agglomeration came under the Nilgiris constituency which runs into the northern part of the city and about 10% came under the Pollachi (Lok Sabha constituency). In the last Lok Sabha election held in 2009, Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M) candidate won in the Coimbatore Lok Sabha constituency. In the last legislative assembly election held in 2011, the ADMK led front won in all five assembly constituencies.
With more than 25,000 small, medium and large industries, the city's primary industries are engineering and textiles. Coimbatore is called the "Manchester of South India" due to its extensive textile industry, fed by the surrounding cotton fields. The district also houses the country's largest amount of hosiery and poultry industries. The city has two special economic zones (SEZ), the Coimbatore Hi-Tech Infrastructure (CHIL) SEZ at Saravanampatti and the TIDEL Park near Peelamedu, and at least five more SEZs are in the pipeline. As of 2005, when Tirupur was a part of Coimbatore district, Coimbatore was the highest revenue earning district in Tamil Nadu. In 2010, Coimbatore ranked 15th in the list of most competitive (by business environment) Indian cities.
An insignificant little town prone to droughts and earthquakes till the early years of the 20th century, Coimbatore region experienced a textile boom in the 1920s and 1930s. Though, Robert Stanes had established Coimbatore's first textile mills as early as the late 19th century, it was during this period that Coimbatore emerged as a prominent industrial centre.
Coimbatore has trade associations such as CODISSIA, COINDIA, SITRA and COJEWEL representing industries in the city. Coimbatore also has a 160,000 square feet (15,000 m2) trade fair ground, built in 1999. It was named COINTEC due to its hosting of INTEC (Small Industries Exhibition). The Trade Fair complex, one of the country's largest, was built in six months, and is owned by CODISSIA (Coimbatore District Small Industries Association). It is also the country's largest pillar-free hall, according to the Limca Book of Records.
Coimbatore houses a large number of medium and large textile mills. It also has central textile research institutes like the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) and Sardar Vallabhai Patel International School of Textiles and Management. The South Indian Textiles Research Association (SITRA) is also based in Coimbatore. The city also houses two of the Centers of Excellences (COE) for technical textiles proposed by Government of India, namely Meditech, a medical textile research centre based at SITRA, and InduTech based in PSG College of Engineering and Technology. The neighbouring city of Tirupur is home to some of Asia’s largest garment manufacturing companies, exporting hosiery clothes worth more than 50,000 million.
The city is the second largest software producer in Tamil Nadu, next only to Chennai. IT and BPO industry in the city has grown greatly with the launch of TIDEL park and other planned IT parks in and around the city. It is ranked at 17th among the global outsourcing cities. Companies like Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant Technology Solutions, IBM, Robert Bosch GmbH, Cameron International Corporation, Dell, Wipro having a presence in the city. Coimbatore is already the second largest hub in India for Cognizant Technology Solutions as it employs around 5000 people in its Coimbatore centre and is planning to double its capacity here. Software exports stood at 710.66 Crores (7.1 billion) for the financial year 2009–10 up 90% from the previous year. Apart from this, there are also lots of healthcare BPOs (Medical Transcription, Coding and Billing) in and around Coimbatore serving the US Healthcare industry.
Coimbatore has a large and a diversified manufacturing sector facilitated by the presence of research institutes like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, SITRA and large number of engineering colleges producing about 50,000 engineers.
Manufacturing of automotive components is also important to Coimbatore's economy. Maruti Udyog and Tata Motors source up to 30% of their automotive components from Coimbatore. Coimbatore has more than 700 wet grinder manufacturers with a monthly output As of March 2005[update] of 75,000 units and is home to a common facility for the manufacturers of wet grinders. Coimbatore motor and pump manufacturing industry supplies 40% of India’s requirements. The city boasts some prominent auto component companies such as Pricol and L.G. Balakrishnan & Bros, which are listed on the stock exchanges. The city also has a number of tier-I, II and III suppliers catering to the needs of the entire gamut of the automobile industry, ranging from two-wheelers and four-wheelers to commercial vehicles and tractors.
Coimbatore is one of the major gold jewellery manufacturing hubs in India, renowned for making cast jewellery and machine made jewellery is also a major diamond cutting centre in South India. . The city is home to about 3000 jewellery manufacturing companies and to over 40,000 goldsmiths, who have an active association called Coimbatore Jewellery Manufacturers' Association, and Coimbatore Gem and Jewellery Industries Private Limited (Cojewel), which is a common facility with niche goldsmith machinery to be used by the members of the association.Owing to the presence of a large number of jewellery manufacturers and the strong engineering base, the city is home to a number of companies manufacturing jewellery making machinery.
Coimbatore has some of the oldest flour mills in India. The large scale flour mills, which cater to all the southern states, have a combined grinding capacity of more than 50,000 MT per month. In the recent years, the city has seen growth in the hospitality industry with more upscale hotels being set up.
Coimbatore is the largest non-metro city for e-commerce in South India.
Coimbatore and its people have a reputation for entrepreneurship. Though it is generally considered a traditional city, Coimbatore is more diverse and cosmopolitan than other cities in Tamil Nadu. The city conducts its own music festival every year. Art, dance and music concerts are held annually during the months of September and December (Tamil calendar month – Margazhi). The heavy industrialisation of the city has also resulted in the growth of trade unions. There are numerous temples in and around the city including the Perur Patteeswarar Temple, Konniamman temple, Thandu Mariamman temple, Vazhai Thottathu Ayyan temple, ISKCON Temple,Echanaari Ganesh temple, Karamadai temple, Marudamalai Murugan temple, Panchamuga Anjaneya Temple (Hanuman with 5 Faces) and the Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple. The Mariamman festivals, at the city’s numerous Amman temples, are major events in summer. The mosques on Oppanakara Street and Big Bazaar Street date back to the period of Hyder Ali. Christian missions date back to 1647 when permission was granted by the Nayak rulers to set up a small church in Karumathampatti 12 km (7.5 mi). It was destroyed by Tipu Sultan’s army resulting in a new church in 1804. In 1886, Coimbatore was constituted as a diocese after bifurcating with Puducherry. Sikh Gurudwaras and Jain Temples are also present in Coimbatore.
Coimbatore cuisine is predominantly south Indian with rice as its base. However, the population of Coimbatore is multi-cultural due to the influx of migrant population from various regions of the country. Most locals still retain their rural flavour, with many restaurants serving food over a banana leaf. North Indian, Chinese and continental cuisines are also available. Mysorepa (a sweet made from lentil flour and ghee), idly, dosa, Halwa (a sweet made of different ingredients like milk, wheat, rice) and vada-sambar and biryani are popular among the locals.
The city is served by the Coimbatore International Airport at Peelamedu 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city and an air-force base at Sulur 23 km (14 mi). The Coimbatore International Airport caters to domestic flights to major Indian cities like Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, etc., and international flights to Sharjah and Singapore. Its runway is 9,760 feet (2,970 m) in length and is capable of handling wide-bodied and “fat-bellied” aircraft used for international flights.
Train service in Coimbatore started in 1863, upon construction of the Podanur – Madras line connecting Kerala and the west coast with the rest of India. Broad gauge trains connect Coimbatore to all parts of India and Tamil Nadu. Meter gauge line existed between Podanur and Dindigul got closed on May 2009 and is under gauge conversion. The Coimbatore Junction is well connected to all the major Indian cities. The Coimbatore Junction comes under the Jurisdiction of the Salem Division and contributes 43.5% of its divisional income. This is the second largest income generating station in the Southern Railway zone of Indian Railways after Chennai Central. Coimbatore North Junction is another important railway junction in the city apart from Coimbatore Junction and Podanur Junction. The other stations include Peelamedu, Singanallur, Irugur, Perianaikanpalayam, Madukkarai, Somanur and Sulur.
Three monorail routes have been proposed. Two circular routes, in the northern and southern parts of the city and a dual linear line connecting the Eastern and Western parts. The Northern Route starts from Gandhipuram via Ganapathy, Sivanandha colony, Saibaba colony, RS Puram, Townhall, City Railway Station and ends in Gandhipuram. The second circular Route starts from Podanur via Trichy Road, Sungam, Redfields, Race Course, City Railway Station, Ukkadam and ends at Podanur. A linear line was also proposed from Chinniampalayam, Airport, CODISSIA, PSG tech, Lakshmi Mill Junction, Gandhipuram, North Coimbatore, Cowley Brown Road and Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Recently Vadavalli and Thondamuthur are the two new areas that has been included in the linear line as part of the phase extension.
There are six major arterial roads in the city: Avinashi Road, Trichy Road, Sathyamangalam Road, Mettupalayam Road, Palakkad Road and Pollachi Road. There are three National Highways passing through the city:
- NH-47 – Salem to Kanyakumari (via Palakkad, Kochi, Trivandrum)
- NH-67 – Nagapattinam to Gundlupet (via Thanjavur, Tiruchirapalli, Karur, Udagamandalam)
- NH 209- Dindigal to Bangalore (via Palani, Pollachi, Sathyamangalam, Chamrajnagar, Kollegal)
Apart from state and National Highways, the city corporation maintains a 635.32 kilometres (394.77 miles) long road network. Coimbatore has several major bus stations. The town buses (intra-city) operate from the town bus stand in Gandhipuram to other bus stations across the city. Inter-city and intra-city buses that connect Coimbatore operate from different bus stands:
|Gandhipuram Central||Erode, Gobichettipalayam, Sathyamangalam, Tirupur, Salem etc.|
|Gandhipuram Town||All town services touching Gandhipuram.|
|Singanallur||Trichy, Pudukkottai, Karaikudi, Sivagangai, Thanjavur, Kumbakonam, Madurai, Sivakasi, Tirunelveli etc.|
|Ukkadam||Palakkad, Palani, Pollachi, Udumalpet etc.|
|Mettupalayam Road||Mettupalayam, Ooty, Mysooru etc.|
|SETC, Gandhipuram||Express buses to Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Pondicherry, Trivandrum etc.|
|Omni Bus Stand, Gandhipuram||Private moffusil buses|
The city has a very high vehicle-to-population ratio. Town buses started operations in 1921. Town bus services serve most parts of the city, as well as other towns and villages in the district. Buses also connect the district with all major towns in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh. The number of inter-city routes operated by Coimbatore division is 119 with a fleet of more than 500 buses. A large number of intra-city private buses operate within the city. The number of intra city buses in the city is around 800 in 228 different routes. The city is also served by auto rickshaws. The growth of call taxis is also on the rise where more sophisticated taxi services are started emerging with more emphasise in luxury and technology by using GPS tracking units in their taxi cabs. Some of the primary service providers like Hello Taxi, Taxi Taxi and many more are emerging in recent months. Daily Mofussil buses on these National Highways are run by Government and as well as Private bus operators. Major routes comprises Coimbatore to Sathyamangalam, Coimbatore to Palani,etc.
Coimbatore is an educational hub of south India. As of 2010, the Coimbatore district is home to 7 universities, 78 engineering colleges, 3 medical colleges, 35 polytechnics Colleges and more than 150 Arts and Science Colleges and a large number of schools. The city has reputed universities like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (est. 1971), Bharathiar University (1982) and Anna University Coimbatore (2007). The city also houses research institutes like Central Institute for Cotton Research, Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Institute for Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Indian Council for Forestry Research and Education and Tamil Nadu Institute of Urban Studies. There are also plans to establish a world class university in the region and to convert the Government Arts college into a unitary type university.
The first college opened in Coimbatore was the Government Arts College (1875–76). The forest college and research institute was opened in 1916. The first engineering college in the city was started by G.D. Naidu as the Arthur Hope College of Technology in 1945. Later it became the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore. PSG College of Technology was established later in 1951. The Air Force Administrative College was established in 1949 to train Indian Air Force personnel. Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT) was started in the 1950s. Coimbatore Medical College was opened in 1966 and the Government law college started functioning from 1978. The agricultural school established in 1868 was converted into a full fledged agricultural university (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University) in 1971 and the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History was opened in 1990. Several private engineering and arts & science colleges were started during the education boom in the 1990s.
In 1867, the first group of students appeared for the SSLC Examinations from Coimbatore. Presently there are three types of schools in Coimbatore – 1) government run schools (corporation schools) 2) schools funded by the government but run by private trusts (aided schools) and 3) schools funded and administered by private trusts. They are classified as Tamil Nadu Anglo Indian School Board, Tamil Nadu State Board, Matriculation and CBSE schools according to the syllabus taught in them. The Coimbatore Education District (not the same as the revenue district) is the unit of administration for education in the city. In 2010, the number of students who wrote the SSLC (Standard 10) and Higher Secondary (Standard 12) examinations was both around 30,000. The literacy rate in the city is 80%.
Media and communication
Four major English newspapers The Hindu,The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle and The New Indian Express bring out editions from the city. Business Line, a business newspaper also brings out a Coimbatore edition. Tamil newspapers which have Coimbatore editions include Dina Malar, Dina Thanthi, Dina Mani, Dinakaran (all morning newspapers) and Tamil Murasu and Malai Malar (both evening newspapers). Two Malayalam newspapers – Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi also have considerable circulation in the city.
A Medium wave radio station is operated by All India Radio, with most programs in Tamil, English and Hindi. Five FM radio stations operate from Coimbatore – Rainbow FM from All India Radio, Suryan FM from Sun Network, Radio Mirchi, Radio City, and Hello FM. All these private radio stations air exclusively Tamil based programs, including film music. The range of these stations cover Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Erode and Nilgiri districts of Tamil Nadu and Palakkad and Wayanad districts of Kerala. Television relay started in 1985 from Delhi Doordarshan. In 1986, after inception of a repeater tower at Kodaikanal, telecast from Madras Doordarshan commenced. The people of Coimbatore witnessed the 1980 Olympics and 1983 Cricket World Cup on a giant screen in VOC Park when the city-based UMS developed a dish antenna for satellite signal reception. Currently television reception is through DTH or by cable, while Doordarshan reception is still available using an external antenna. In 2005, Doordarshan opened its studio in Coimbatore.
Coimbatore has a well connected communications infrastructure. Till the 1990s the state owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) was the only telecommunition service provider in the city. In the 1990s, private telecom companies too started offering their services. Currently besides BSNL, fixed line telephone services are offered by Reliance Communications and Bharti Airtel. Dial up internet connections were first introduced (by HCL and BPL) in 1996 and broadband internet (by BSNL) in 2005. As of 2010, BSNL, Reliance Communications, Bharti Airtel, Tata Teleservices all offer broadband service through fixed lines and mobiles; MTS offers mobile broadband alone. Cellular telephony was first introduced in 1997. Coimbatore is the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu circle of cellular service providers. The telecom company Aircel is headquartered in the city. Mobile telephone services available in the city include both CDMA and GSM connections.
Coimbatore is home to some of the oldest film studios in South India. Swamikannu Vincent, a film exhibitor, set up the first movie studios in the city. Rangaswamy Naidu established the Central Studios in 1935 while S. M. Sriramulu Naidu set up the Pakshiraja Studios in 1945.
The size of the Coimbatore health care industry has been estimated as 1500 Crore (150 million) in 2010. There are nearly 750 hospitals in and around Coimbatore with a capacity of 5000 beds. The first health care centre in the city was started in 1909. In 1969, it was upgraded to Coimbatore Medical College Hospital (CMCH). It is a government run hospital with a bed strength of 1020 and provides free health care. Including the CMCH, corporation maintains 16 dispensaries and 2 maternity homes. The city also has many large multi-facility private hospitals like the PSG Hospitals, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital (KMCH), KG Hospital, Coimbatore Kidney Centre, G. Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital(GKNM), Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, Sheela Hospital, Kongunadu Hospital, Gem Hospital, Ganga Hospital, Aravind Eye Hospital, Sankara Netralaya,Sankara Eye Centre, Lotus Eye Hospital, Ashwin hospital, Vikram ENT hospital, Sheela Hospital,Coimbatore Cancer Foundation, G. P. Hospital, Diabetes Care and Research Centre. The city is also a major centre for medical tourism. The city remains the preferred healthcare destination for people from nearby districts and also from the neighbouring state of Kerala.
Motor sports plays a large part in the city, with Coimbatore often referred to as the "Motor sports Capital of India" and the "Backyard of Indian Motorsports". Some wealthy industrialists, such as S.Karivardhan, spearheaded motor racing, making Coimbatore the country's motor racing hub when he designed and built entry level racecars. The city has a Formula 3 Category circuit and few Go-Kart circuits, formula cars manufacturers and FIA member motorsport associations that condustc National Championship races and Rallies. National Champion races for Formula racing (Cars), Motorcycle racing, Go-Kart racing are held in Kari Motor Speedway. The tyre manufacturer MRF assembles and builds Formula Ford cars in Coimbatore in association with former F3 ChampionJ.Anand. Super Speeds designs and constructs almost all Formula cars. Rallying is another major event with all teams based in Coimbatore. Rallies are conducted in closed roads around Coimbatore districts. Narain Karthikeyan, Indias most famous driver, became the first Indian to enter Formula One in 2005. Other famous motorsport personalities from Coimbatore are J. Anand, N. Leela Krishnan and V. R. Naren Kumar.
Nehru Stadium, built originally for football, can also host athletic meets. The stadium is undergoing a renovation with Korean grass in the centre and a synthetic track around it for athletics. Apart from the stadium, the city also has several sports clubs. The Coimbatore Golf Club is home to a major 18-hole golf course. The Coimbatore Cosmopolitan Club, which is more than 100 years old, was founded for Indian members only, in response to the English Coimbatore Club which did not admit Indians until the 1950s. The Coimbatore Flying Club is located in the Coimbatore airport premises. The city hosts its own annual marathon called Coimbatore Marathon as an event to raise cancer awareness. The prominent tennis player Nirupama Vaidyanathan hails from Coimbatore.
Coimbatore also houses a number of museums and art galleries like G.D. Naidu Museum & Industrial Exhibition, H A Gass Forest Museum, Government Museum, Kadhi Gandhi Gallery and Kasthuri Srinivasan Art Gallery and Textile Museum. A science park and a planetarium is being built near Codissia trade fair complex and will be inaugurated by May 2012.
There are several amusement parks in and around the city namely, Black Thunder water theme park near Mettupalayam, Kovai Kondattam amusement park at Perur and Maharaja Theme Park at Nillambur.  Since the 1980s, the city has had a few small shopping complexes. Lately, malls have come up including Brookefields Mall and Fun Republic Mall. The city also has a number of parks including VOC park, the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University park, Race Course children's park, Bharathi park in Saibaba Colony and many more parks. Coimbatore Zoo houses a number of animals and birds and is located near VOC park. Singanallur lake is a popular tourist place and bird watcher destination. Though there are a lot of entertainment centres mushrooming in the city, visiting the cinema still remains the city's most popular recreational activity.
Air pollution, lack of proper waste management infrastructure and degradation of water bodies are the major environmental issues in Coimbatore. Steel foundries were established in 1950s and 1960s when there were no residential areas nearby, but growth of the city led to creation of residential areas around them. In 1990s the State Government and pollution control board took major steps to re-locate the steel foundries out of the city. The textile mills are all equipped with air treatment towers. Coimbatore has no proper underground drainage or sewage system. There is a sewage treatment plant at Ukkadam in operation with the capacity to process 70 mld of sewage water of which 20 mld is the current treating level. Garbage is collected by the Corporation and sometimes by systems developed by the local residents. Sewage is pumped into the water tanks and the Noyyal through streams. This along with garbage dumping and encroachments has led to degradation of the water bodies and depletion in the groundwater table. During the 80’s, the corporation planned on closing the tanks due to encroachment by filling them with waste. But as a result of outcries from civic associations, the plan was dropped. Currently the tanks are being renovated by the city's environmental groups with their own fund-raising and the corporation. Siruthuli, an environmental organisation founded by the city's industrial houses, undertakes de-silting of tanks and cleaning of the Noyyal river. The corporation is also taking efforts to clear encroachment of the tanks.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Coimbatore has sister city relationships with the following cities of the world.
|Country||City||State / Region||Since|
- and municipalities of Kuniyamuthur, Kurichi and Goundampalayam. "CONSTITUENTS OF URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS HAVING POPULATION 1 LAKH & ABOVE, CENSUS 2011". Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Thomas Brinkhoff. "India: Major Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Karthik Madhavan (2011-07-19). "Slim chances for 3 local bodies to be a part of Corporation". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Tamil Nadu GO N0 219" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Coimbatore set for expansive development". Hindu.com. 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Area, Population and Density of Cities and Towns of India – 2001". Docstoc.com. 2010-07-30. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- This is the population of the city limits prior to 2011 expansion"Cities having population 1 lakh and above". censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Primary Census Abstract – Census 2001". Directorate of Census Operations – Tamil Nadu. Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- Tamil Nādu (India): State, Major Cities, Towns & Agglomerations - Statistics & Maps on City Population
- "Press Information Bureau: Government of India news site, PIB Mumbai website, PIB Mumbai, Press Information Bureau, PIB, India’s Official media agency, Government of India press releases, PIB photographs, PIB photos, Press Conferences in Mumbai, Union Minister Press Conference, Marathi press releases, PIB features, Bharat Nirman Public Information Campaign, Public Information Campaign, Bharat Nirman Campaign, Public Information Campaign, Indian Government press releases, PIB Western Region". Pibmumbai.gov.in. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- Nick Names of India Places Manchester of India Ahmedabad Cochin Queen of Arabian Sea - General Knowledge in India
- The Indian Express - Google News Archive Search
- "Powered by Google Docs". Google. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Indian cities among global outsourcing cities". The Economic Times. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
- "Coimbatore: turning modern, yet retaining its old charm". Hindu.com. 2011-06-18. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- Reverend Henry Whitehead (1921). The Village Gods of South India. pp. 121–2.
- Subramanian, T. S (28 January 2007). "Roman connection in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- S. Krishnaswami Aiyangar (2009). Some Contributions of South India to Indian Culture. BiblioBazaar. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-113-17175-7.
- "Kovai’s Roman connection". The Hindu. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "On the Roman Trail". The Hindu. 21 January 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- Vanavarayar, Shankar (21 June 2010). "Scripting history". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- M, Soundariya Preetha (30 June 2007). "Tale of an ancient road". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "The land called Kongunad". The Hindu. 19 November 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Remembering Dheeran Chinnamalai". The Hindu. 3 August 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- "The city that is Coimbatore". The Hindu. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- S. Muthiah (14 April 2003). "'Golden Tips' in the Nilgiris". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "The perils of the past". The Hindu. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
- "Chronicling the spirit of Coimbatore". The Hindu. 3 January 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
- "The cotton classic". Frontline. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "The Mahatma's link with Coimbatore". The Hindu. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "`Keep politics out of Corporation Council'". The Hindu. 25 December 2006. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- L. Joseph Reginald, C. Mahendran, S. Suresh Kumar and P. Pramod (December 2007). "Birds of Singanallur lake, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu". Zoos' Print Journal 22 (12): 2944–2948.
- "Business Plan for Coimbatore Corporation". Wilbur Smith Associates. http://www.tn.gov.in/cma/CDP/Corporations/Coimbatore.pdf.
- "Noyyal flows on like a quiet killer". Deccan Chronicle. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "A river runs through it". The Hindu. 28 January 2006. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Maintenance of tanks not at cost of environment". The Hindu. 27 October 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Corporation begins storm water drain project in Coimbatore". The Hindu. 5 January 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "CONSERVATION OF BIRD LIFE IN AN URBAN WETLAND: PROBLEMS CONCERNS — A CASE STUDY". CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Proceedings of the International Conference on CBEE 2009. World Scientific Publishing Co. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Coimbatore – a hot spot of bio-diversity". The Hindu. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Coimbatore Corporation – SHB002". Coimbatore Corporation. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "Historical Weather for Coimbatore, India". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "Experts to study feasibility of Athikadavu – Avanashi scheme". The Hindu. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- "Coimbatore Corporation begins efforts to avoid water scarcity". The Hindu. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- Dams and earthquakes, Frontline, Volume 16 – Issue 27; 25 December 1999 – 7 January 2000
- "Climatological Information for Chennai". Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Imperial Gazetter of India, Volume 10. Clarendon Press. 1908.
- Elangovan, K. "Site Suitability Analysis using GIS for Coimbatore City". GIS Development:. September 2005:. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26-Jan-2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Coimbatore". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26-Jan-2014.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Incidence & Rate Of Total Cognizable Crimes (IPC) In States, UTs & Cities During 2005[dead link]
- "Indian Muslim Population Data". Aicmeu.org. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "KMK plans to overcome casteist tag". The Hindu. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Roots of capital". Frontline. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- The 1971 census puts Telugu speakers at 22.95% of the total population."Census of India, 1971: Tamil Nadu". Govt of India. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- some estimates put it as high as 40% or at 300,000Rajan, M.C (7 February 2010). "It's passion for the mother tongue not chauvinism". India Today. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "Majority should protect the minority". The Hindu. 4 October 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Keralites’ wishes take flight on Paramount’s wings". The Indian Express. 8 November 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Residential space: Coimbatore spins a growth story". The Economic Times. 17 January 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Providing quality education". The Hindu. 24 September 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Urban labour market structure and job access in India: a study of Coimbatore. International Institute for Labour Studies,. 1990. pp. 4–7. ISBN 978-92-9014-468-7.
- "There are 195 slums in 23 major identified locations inside the corporation limits with a total population of around 352,219, which include BPL population as well. Around 8 percent of the total population reside in slums."(2005 figures) page.86
- "Life Profile of Worshipful Mayor Thiru S. M. Velusamy". Coimbatore Corporation.
- "AIADMK's Chinnadurai elected Deputy Mayor". The Hindu.com. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- "Coimbatore City Municipal Corporation – Commissioner Profile". Coimbatore Corporation.
- "Corporation to have five zones". Thehindu.com. 2011-09-22. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Coimbatore Corporation Citizens Charter". Coimbatore Corporation. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Enact anti-defection law for councillors, says Jayalalithaa". The Hindu. 22 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Stands differ among allies". The Hindu. 6 October 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "List of Coimbatore Police stations". Coimbatore Police. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Coimbatore Forest Division, Tamilnadu, India
- "Corporation seeks to expand its area". The Hindu. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Directorate of Town Panchayats". Government of Tamil Nadu.
- "Bill on Pongal as New Year day introduced". The Hindu. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- "Assembly Elections May 2011 Results". Election Commission of India.
- "SME sector: Opportunities, challenges in Coimbatore". CNBC-TV18. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Governor congratulates 'Manchester of South India'". The Indian Express. 27 June 1936. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Realty gets hot in Coimbatore with Cos rushing for IT SEZs". Propertybytes.indiaproperty.com. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Bosch picks up 1-lakh-sqft space in Kovai". The Times of India. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Coimbatore Administration – District Admin". Coimbatore.tn.nic.in. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- [dead link]
- "India – Most Competitive Cities". .hindustantimes.de. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- "ビタナリッシュで若々しく美しい肌に♪ ～エイジングケアにおすすめ～". Intecexpo.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "First pillar free trade complex". Hindu.com. 2007-08-20. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "China to face power crisis this winter". Smetimes.tradeindia.com. 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- By D Govardan. "City of future". mydigitalfc.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Bosch picks up 1 lakh sqft space in Coimbatore". The Times of India. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Coimbatore: IT sector on the fast track : NATION: India Today". India Today. 22 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2005/03/24/stories/2005032401051700.htm". Business Line. 24 March 2005. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- "http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/05/stories/2007080559430300.htm". The Hindu. 5 August 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- "Kirtilal on an expansion spree – Apparel – news – Fashion News India, jobs, network, apparel, business". Fashionunited.in. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "India's gold & diamond exports fall by 20% | www.commodityonline.com | 3". commodityonline.com. 15 March 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "India's Gems and Jewellery Market is Glittering – Mining Investments". Resource Investor. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Tamil Nadu / Coimbatore News : Common facilities for jewellery cluster". The Hindu. 17 August 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Palaniappan, V. S. (16 August 2010). "Cities / Coimbatore : ID card mooted for migrant workers in jewellery units". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Business Line : Today's Paper / MARKETING : Kirtilal plans more jewellery stores in N. India". Business Line. 8 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Srinivasan, Pankaja (14 September 2011). "Suite promises". The Hindu.
- "Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide plans more Aloft hotels in India". The Times of India. 11 September 2011.[dead link]
- Sivashankar, Nithya (15 September 2011). "For the young and restless". The Hindu.
- "::Convention Hotels::". Chi.in. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Surya, Coimbatore". Vivanta by Taj. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Tier II And III Cities Driving E-Commerce In India". Siliconindia.com. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Is Coimbatore the next BPO city?". CNBC-TV18. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "German state keen to share expertise with Coimbatore". Business Line. 22 June 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Some music lovers still travel to Chennai for cultural overdoze". The Times of India. 14 December 2011.
- "In December, all the city's a stage". The Times of India. 14 December 2011.
- "A time of troubles". Frontline. 7 March 1998. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Temples of Coimbatore". The City Visit. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Rajagopuram for Kovai Koniamman temple too". The Indian Express. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Madras District Gazetteers: Coimbatore. Superintendent, Govt. Press,. 2000.
- "Front Page : Extended runway ready at Coimbatore Airport". The Hindu. 20 April 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- TNN Aug 22, 2012, 04.19AM IST (22 August 2012). "Corporation speeds up work to begin mono rail project". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- Karthik Madhavan (2012-09-04). "NATIONAL / TAMIL NADU : A fresh look at Mass Public Transport System for city". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Buses to ply from Mettupalayam Road bus stand from today". The Hindu. 17 June 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Special buses to clear Pongal rush". The Hindu. 8 January 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Coimbatore waits for shuttle train services". The Hindu. 29 June 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Minister inaugurates omnibus stand". The Hindu. 2 July 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Moffusil bus routes, TNSTC, CBE.
- Town bus routes, TNSTC, CBE.
- "Hello Taxi Coimbatore Cabs". Hellotaxitrip.co.in. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- Kumar, D Suresh (19 April 2009). "Chennai, Kovai engineering colleges, a hit". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Medical college plan on ESI hospital premises". The Hindu. 25 October 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Coimbatore calling". Business Line. 28 December 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Coimbatore District Administration Welcomes You". Coimbatore.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Land to be identified for World-Class University". The Hindu. 9 August 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- Subramanian, T. S (19 July 2008). "Tailor-made courses". Frontline. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "government arts". Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- "Class 10 examinations get under way". The Hindu. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Marginal increase in Plus-Two pass percentage in Coimbatore district". The Hindu. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Welcome To Sun Network". Suntv.in. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "Radio Stations in Coimbatore". Asiawaves.net. 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Radio mirchi". Thehindujobs.com. 2007-11-01. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- Hello Fm
- Ashmita Pillay. "Radio city". Indiaprwire.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- Coimbatore gets modern Doordarshan Studio Centre, The Hindu, 16 August 2005
- "BSNL's broadband facility launched in Coimbatore, Tirupur". Business Line. 25 January 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Infrastructure advantage". Frontline. 17 January 2004. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "Aircel to create blood group database". Business Line. 3 October 2002. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Brahmanyan". The Times of India. July 21, 2007.
- M. Allirajan (17 November 2003). "Reel-time nostalgia". The Hindu (Chennai, India).
- "Super specialty hospitals: The latest fad in texcity". The Economic Times. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Coimbatore health care sector facing staff shortage". Business Line. 31 May 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Coimbatore Medical College Hospital". Govt of Tamil Nadu.
- The caregivers
- "Medical tourism on upswing in Coimbatore". The Hindu. 4 April 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- Swaminathan, Sudha (31 January 2002). "Coimbatore: An emerging healthcare destination -". Express Healthcare. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "City of speed". The Hindu. 24 April 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-03.
- "The Hindu : To Kari, WITH LOVE". Hinduonnet.com. 1 December 2003. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "MACHINIST - MRF to assemble advanced F1 cars next year: Scouting for component suppliers". Machinist.in. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Rally ace Naren Kumar retires". The Times of India. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012.[dead link]
-  Synthetic track works over
- Location of golf club, Coimbatore Golf Club,
- "100-year-old club of Coimbatore". Hinduonnet.com. 25 September 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "Flying Clubs" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- VODAFONE COIMBATORE MARATHON 2013
- "Nirupama Vaidyanathan". Hinduonnet.com. 13 January 2001. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- http://www.destinationinfinity.org/2011/01/02/g-d-naidu-museum-industrial-exhibition-in-coimbatore/. Missing or empty
- "H A Gass Forest Museum, Coimbatore". Destination Infinity. 2011-01-28. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Museums coimbatore - coimbatore museums,Forest College Museum,Khadi Gandhi Gallery". Coimbatoresite.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Tourist Spots in Coimbatore - Museums/Art Gallery". Coimbatore City. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- V. S. Palaniappan (12 April 2012). "Regional Science Park inauguration in May". The Hindu (Coimbatore). Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- "Nilgiri Biosphere Nature Park - Nature conservation organisation coimbatore". Nbnaturepark.com. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Shopping Centres in Coimbatore Yellow Pages, Kovai, Tamil Nadu , India Yellow pages – Display page (1) – Ananatha Fancy, Cheran Towers, Dass Complex, Devar Group of Companies, Lakshmi Towers, Madani Complex, Parvathy Complex, Welcome Coats". Netexpress.co.in. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Coimbatore-based retail chain, Shri Kannan on expansion mode". The Economic Times. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- "V.O.C Zoo and Park in Coimbatore". Destination Infinity. 2010-10-24. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
- "Singanallur lake". The Hindu. 30 July 2006. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "kovaidreams – KovaiDreamsOne stop guide on Coimbatore. Home | Air". Kovaidreams.googlepages.com. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- "Sewage treatment plant inaugurated". The Hindu. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Vidhya Sivaramakrishnan, John Samuel Raja D. (27 January 2008). "Coimbatore struggles to address its civic infrastructure woes". The Mint. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Madhavan, Karthik (14 December 2010). "Waste management to improve". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Water resources under constant abuse". The Hindu. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Lenin Sundar M, M Sasidharan. "Ground water quality in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu along Noyyal River". Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Vinoj Kumar, PC (24 February 2007). "TN WILL FACE CRISIS, WARN EXPERTS". Tehelka. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "PWD hands over custody of tanks to Coimbatore Corporation". The Hindu. 29 January 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Two major tanks in city to be linked". The Hindu. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Official website of Siruthuli, Siruthuli
- Narayanan, R.Y. (25 July 2003). "Drive to rejuvenate Coimbatore water tanks". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Corporation removes encroachment on tank". The Hindu. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Fresh efforts to remove encroachments". The Hindu. 26 December 2007. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "10th sister to join in Toledo's alliances". Toledo Blade. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- The Esslingen-Coimbatore relationship is referred to as "twin-cities" instead of the usual "sister cities" terminology used elsewhere.Coimbatore strengthens ties with German city
- "Twin City Partnership". Esscom.in. 2010-09-14. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coimbatore.|
- Coimbatore travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Coimbatore Municipal Corporation website
- Coimbatore on the Open Directory Project.