|— town —|
|Elevation||106 m (348 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Kovilpatti (கோவில்பட்டி in Tamil), also known as Covilpatti, is a special grade municipality in Thoothukudi District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Belongs to Kovilpatti constituency. Tamil and Telugu are spoken by the majority of people in and around Kovilpatti
It is the second largest town in Thoothukudi District. It was the largest taluk in terms of revenue villages in India but recently it was split into Ettayapuram and Kovilpatti Taluks. Now Elaiyarasanendal and some other villages have been added to Kovilpatti taluk.
Kovilpatti is the gateway for entrants to Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts from north and west. The town started its developments earlier than 1876. The introduction of Southern Railway (Kovilpatti was a water stop for steam engines), the establishment of textile mills like Loyal Textiles (1891), Lakshmi Mills Ltd (1926) and siting of the Government Revenue Divisional Offices (1911), fueled the economic growth of the town.
The town was constituted as a Municipal Town in 1964 composed of Kovilpatti Village and Illuppaiyurani Village. In 1961, the town was 2.64 km2 with a population of 33,305; in 1971, it extended to 7.25 km2 holding a population of 48,509 and in 1991, it was 12.58 km2 with a population of 78,834.
As of 2001[update], Kovilpatti had a population of 87,450. Males constituted 49% of the population and females 51%. Kovilpatti had a higher literacy rate, 98%, than other towns: male literacy at 99.8%, and female literacy at 94.9%. Some 11% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Kovilpatti is located at  It has an average elevation of 106 metres (347 feet)..
Kovilpatti is a fast growing town in Tuticorin District with prominent commercial and industrial activity, including a large number of match factories, textile mills and factories manufacturing crackers. Located 100 km south of Madurai city, 55 km north of Tirunelveli Town and 60 km north-west of Tuticorin.
Kovilpatti is situated on National Highway No.7 (longest highway in India) which connects Varanasi in the north and Kanyakumari in the south. The town lies approximately 130 m above mean sea level. A small hill in the southeast is known as Swarna Kathiresa Malai. The deity is Lord Muruga. The town is very airy between the months of June and August because of a pass in the western Ghats. The postal codes are 628501, 628502 and 628503.
Climate and rainfall 
The climate of Kovilpatti town is hot and dry. Temperatures range between a maximum of 37 °C and a minimum of 22 °C. April to June are the hottest months and December and January are coldest with temperatures rising towards the end of February. Rainfall occurs mostly during the north-east monsoon in the months of October to December though the town receives little rainfall, averaging 840 mm compared to the district average. Annual rainfall has ranged from 964 mm to 228 mm during past decades.
Kovilpatti constituency was part of Sivakasi Lok Sabha Constituency till 2008. As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the Tamil Nadu, the Kovilpatti constituency will be a segment of the new Thoothukkudi (Lok Sabha constituency). Delimitation was made effective for all elections in the state of Tamil Nadu that is held on or after 19 February 2008. With 5 terms from 1967 to 1990, S.Alagarsamy was the longest-serving member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly representing the Kovilpatti constituency.
Development and growth 
Kovilpatti is famous for match works (safety matches) and fireworks, and is called the "Matchless City of Matches" (displayed on a large hoarding while entering to Kovilpatti through Iluppaioorani village). It is the largest manufacturer of match boxes in India and second only to Sivakasi in the manufacture of fireworks. In a day, more than 500 trucks carry loads of finished safety matches and fireworks to all parts of India, and to the ports of Tuticorin and Chennai for exports. Because of its strategic location, Kovilpatti has emerged as an industrial town. There are two large textile mills, Lakshmi Mills(Headquarters in Coimbatore) (more than 75 years old) and Loyal Mills (more than 100 years old). Kovilpatti Agricultural Research Station is one of the most highly regarded agricultural research centres in Tamil Nadu.
Kovilpatti is also known for hockey. The Kuppusamy Naidu Memorial Tournament started at 1945 was conducted every year and it was the second-oldest hockey tournament in India. It happens every year for around 15 days and hockey teams from all over India participate in this tournament. Since 2009 it has been conducted by K.R Educational Institutions as 'Lakshmi Ammmal All India Memorial Hockey Tournament'.Also EDUSTAR International School, a first CBSE School started in 2010, the landmark of education which provides an excellent education that attracted the attention of people of neighbor districts.
Kovilpatti is very well known for Kadalaimittai (sweet peanut cake). This is made out of groundnut and other added flavours.
You can buy Kovilpatti kadalaimittai @ www.nativespecial.com
Kovilpatti is one of the industrial cities in Tamil Nadu. The town started its industrial development earlier than 1891. The introduction of the Southern Railway, the establishment of Loyal Textiles (1891), Lakshmi Mills (1926), establishment of Government Revenue Divisional Offices (1911), induced the industrial growth of the town.
Kovilpatti is famous for match factories, textile mills and fireworks industry. Kovilpatti is the largest manufacturer of matchboxes in India and it is second only to Sivakasi in the manufacture of fireworks.
Owing to the availability of cheap labour, dry climatic condition and availability of good transportation, industrial development took place in the town. The availability of black soil around the town which favoured the cultivation of cotton paved way for the development of ginning and spinning mills. The rice and flour mills are the major industrial establishments in Kovilpatti providing both direct and indirect employment to around 25,000 people.
The dry climate prevailing over the town was a significant factor in the siting of the match and fireworks factories for which Kovilpatti is famous. It is the largest manufacturer of match boxes in India and second only to Sivakasi in the manufacture of fireworks.
Annarathna Match Industries, Comorin Match Industries, East India Match Company, Liberty Match Company (P) Ltd., Rose Matches (P) Limited, Sakthi Vinayagar Match Industry and Kamachi Match Works are a few of the companies manufacturing safety matches in this town. Manufactured matches from Kovilpatti are delivered to all the states of India and exported as well. Consequently, transportation has been important in the development of Kovilpatti.
The raw material for the match and fireworks industry come from northern states like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and finished goods are transported to northern states by road and rail. The match industry ranks first in the town in the number of factories (about 200) and production (90 lakhs gross of match boxes). The match units are concentrated in Wards A,C and D, which employ about 3,000 workers. The products are transported to northern India through road and railway.
Notable people 
- Subramanya Bharathi, nationalist poet
- V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, freedom fighter
- Veerapandiya Kattabomman, freedom fighter
- S.Alagarsamy, member of Legislative Assembly represented Kovilpatti 5 Terms from 1967 to 1990
- Charle, Tamil film actor
- Vai. Gopalsamy (Vaiko), politician in nearby Kalingappatti
- Ki. Rajanarayanan, writer (Edaiseval)
- Lenin Rajendran,Prominent Mining Engineer and IIM-A graduate
- National Engineering College
- Unnamalai Institute of Technology
- HELLOANNA Kids International Pre School (International Montessori System)
- Ravilla K.R.A.VIDHYASHRAM,HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
- Maharisi Vidyasram Matriculation School
- Kammavar Girls Higher Secondary School
- Lakshmi Mills Higher Secondary School
- Johnson nursery and primary school
- Brindhavan Kids School (ICSE)
- Maruthi International school
- Darwin Nursery & Primary School
- Aayira Vaisiya Higher Secondary School
- Aayira Vaisiya Middle School
- Bhavan's Kindergarten and Primary School
- CKT Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- Counian Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- E.V.A Vallimuthu High School,Velayuthapuram
- EDUSTAR International School(CBSE)
- Everest Marriapa Higher Secondary School
- Govt Girls Higher Secondary School
- John Bosco Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- K.R Saratha Higher Secondary School, Nalatinputtur.
- Kamarajar Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- Nadar Higher Sec.School
- Parvathi High School, Illuppaiurani.
- Punitha Ohm convent Matriculation School
- Seventh Day Adventist Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- Sri Kanna Matriculation School
- St. Pauls Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- UPMS Matriculation School
- V.O.C. Govt Higher Secondary School,(oldest school in the town)
- Vishwakarma High School
- Govt High School,Pillaiyarnatham
- Sri Lakshmi Srinivasa Matriculation School
- Sankarakumar Primary School - Sankaralingapuram
Agricultural institutions 
- Agricultural Research Station, TNAU, Coimbatore
- Senbagavalli Amman Kovil
- Aathi Vinayagar Temple : in Sankaralingapuram, main deity is Vinayagar.
- Manthithoppu Arulmigu Kasi vishvanathar sametha Visalachi amman temple – This temple car doneted to senbhagavalli ammman temple
- Manthithoppu Arulmigu periya kali amman,selva vinayakar, vetivel murugan temple
- Arulmigu Sankareshwariamman Temple: at Veeravanchi Nagar, main deity is Sankareswariamman. Location of ten day Aadith Thiruvizha.
- Kaliamman Kovil Temple : in Sankaralingapuram, main deity is Kali Amman.
- Kathiresan Temple: the deity is Lord muruga called Kathiresan. The tunnel is said to lead to Ettayapuram Jaminthaar's bungalow.
- Krishna Temple, near town center.
- Kurumalai Sivan Temple and Ayyanar Temple: 10 km from Kovilpatti. Kurumalai is an excellent rocky hill with more flora and fauna and the Lord Shiva is located nearly 800 feet (240 m) high. There is a place on the way to Shiva temple where you can find water originating from a rock lively and passing through shiva linga. Water will come through the year even during peak of summer.
- Market Murugan Kovil : near the municipal daily market
- Mukkarai Pillayar Kovil: on Ettayapuram Road before SIDCO Industrial Estate.
- Murugan Temple : in Sankaralingapuram, main deity is Murugan.
- Nageswariamman Kovil : in M.G.R Nagar, main deity is Goddess Nageswari.
- Natarajapuram Kovil Street: in Illayarasanenthal Road (Center Railway Gate Near), main deities are Madasamy, Karuppasamy & Sudalai Madasamy.
- Palani Andavar Koil : main deity is Lord Muruga.
- Pambalamman Temple: in Chithirampatti, main deity is Nagar.
- Parashakthi Mariammam kovil,Velayuthapuram
- Pathirakali Amman & Kali Amman Koil: in Velayuthapuram, main deities are Pathirakali Amman and Kali Amman.
- Pathirakali Amman Koil: in pathira kaliamman kovil street, main deity is Pathirakali Amman.
- Rajiv Nagar Vetrivinayagar Temple: in nearby Nadar Higher Secondary School, main deity is Vinayaga
- Ram Anuman Temple: in Kovilpatti Byepass road Ram Anuman Nagar, main deity is Lord Anjeneya
- Santhana Mariamman Kovil : This temple as the name suggests is for Goddess Mariamman. It is also located in Pudhugramam area.
- Saramariamman Kovil Temple: near market, main deity is Saramari Amman.
- Shenbagavalliamman Temple: location for the annual Car Festival and Theertha Vari.
- Sri Mariamman Kovil : in Pudhugramam, main deity is Goddess Mariamman
- Sri kaliamman Kovil : Mooppanpatti, East Street
Sri Kaliamman kovil, Main road, South Thittankulam
- Sri Sudalaymadaswamy Kovil : Mooppanpatti, East Street
- Sri Ayyanar Temple :
- Sri SelvaKaliyamman Kovil,Pillaiyarnatham,main deity is kaliyamman
- Sri varatharajaperumal kovil,Pillaiyarnatham west street
- Sri Kaliamman & karuppasamy kovil, Daldurai Banglow Street, Near Bus stand
- Sri kariamalazhagar temple, Nalatinputhur
- Sri kaliammankovil - Sankaralingapuram East
- sri kaliamman kovil subramaniapuram kovilpatti
- Apostolic Christian Assembly, Bharathi Nagar
- Assembly of God Church New Road
- Bethel Gospel Hall, Vakkil Street
- JEM Church Muthu Nagar
- Jesus With Us Church
- Maranatha Biblical Church
- Seventh Day Adventist Church, Chekkadi Street
- St. Joseph Church
- St.Pauls Church
- Tamil Baptist Church New Road
- St. Mary Church, Pudhu Grammam
- St. Antony Church, Illupaiyurani
Places of interest 
Pandavermangalam is a special grade Panchayat in Thoothukudi District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Belongs to Kovilpatti constituency. This is the Second Largest Panchayat in Kovilpatti Taluk. It is situated in the south border of Kovilpatti and on the Kovilpatti-Pasuvanthanai Road. The Kuppusamy Naidu Memorial Tournament started in Pandavermangalam at 1945 was conducted every year and it was the second oldest hockey tournament in India. It happens every year for around 15 days and hockey teams from all over India participate in this tournament. This tournament was conducted in Hockey Ground next to Nadar High School in Pandavermangalam Panchayat, which was discontinued in this ground due to land dispute. Pandavermangalam is famous for match works (Safety Matches) and fireworks. Also this is famus for Kali amman Koil. The Kaliamman Kovil and the Tank was situated in the middle of Pandavermangalam to have two sections - East and West divitions.The Banyan Tree in the Kanmai Karai is very old and rooted or grown broadly.
Ettayapuram is situated about 15 km east of Kovilpatti. It is notable as a cotton growing centre. It is also famous as the birthplace of Nationalist poet and freedom fighter, Bharathi. Points of interest are the ruins of Ettayapuram Jamin palace, the Manimandapam of Bharathiyar, the birth house of Bharathiyar, and the memorial of Sri Muthusamy Deikshidar.
Kalugumalai is a massive dome of rock of 300 feet height situated on the road connecting Kovilpatti and Sankarankoil. It is famous for a rock cut temple called “Vettuvankoil”. Another rock cut temple is dedicated to lord Subramaniya Swamy is located at the foot of the rock. The remains of "Samana Palli" or Jain school can be seen atop the hill along the Vettuvan Koil.
Panchalankuruchi is situated three kilometres north of Ottapidaram. The famous freedom fighter Kattabomman's fort was located here. At present only the fort remains; the rest of the settlement was destroyed by the British at the end of the war in 1799. In 1975, the government of Tamil Nadu constructed a fort in Panchalankurich in memory of the freedom fighter.
Sankarankoil is situated west of Kovilpatti. It is the site of temple of Sankara Narayanar and Gomathiamman and attracts pilgrims and devotees from the surrounding districts. The Adithapasu festival attracts large crowds every year during July or August.
Mooppanpatti: This place is model village, because of north side one temple for arulmegu sri kaliamman temple and south side sri sudalaymadaswamy temple and east/west full area agricultural area cultivation for rice and more vegetables, in the season of December & January month village around fully greeneries and south side two lake with full of water that lake are collecting all wastage and water from Kovilpatti town. This village people playing mostly in hockey and kabaddi match in all season and in this village muthamil murbokku sangam is very great fully and is involving to improve the village to model of village and this sangam is more than 25 years celebrating to pongal festival with sports and drama in every year and enjoy all people.
Idaiseval is situated about 12 km south of Kovilpatti and is the birthplace of Ki. Rajanarayanan, the Tamil writer.
Koosalipatti, an area of Kovipatti, is the birthplace of the actor Vivek.and his family also
Padarnthapulli is located 15 km from Kovilpatti. It is the site of the Perumal and Selvakalyiamman temples and Gangai amman teples. The government high school is located on the edge of the village. Many Telugu-speaking people live there.
Pillaiyar Natham 
Pillaiyarnatam is situated about 13 km West of Kovilpatti,Telugu speaking people is more than 2000 live there.[clarification needed]
Alampatti is located at 3 km from Kovilpatti on the way to Tirunelveli. People of this village engaged in Agriculture and Match works. Alampatti kanmai collected water from Mottai malai and Katheresan malai, supplies water for irrigation. Many persons from this village are kabadi players. This village is famous for Silambam (Silambattam). Many silambam players from this village got district level, national level and international level prizes. THAI Pongal festival celebrated every year, conducting games and cultural events in a grand manner. It was celebrated for the past 25 years. Alampatti North Street Sri Kaliamman Koil festival was celebrated in CHITHIRAI month Tuesday, celebrated in grand manner. Annai Therasa youth trust engaged in social activities.Near by Alampatti educational Institutions like NAtional Engineering College, Lakshmi Polytechnic college and K.R. College of Arts and Science Situated.
It is about 5 km from Kovilpatti town, located on the Ettayapuram, Thoothukudi main road. It has been divided into two as North Thittankulam and South Thittankulam. All caste Hindus are in North Thittankulam and dalits are in South Thittankulam. Since SIDCO is situated here most of the people are working in many of the Splints and veneers factory. It is a village panchayat and from 1985–86 onwards Ponraj (THALAPPA) was the President of that village now it has been reserved for women, so Ponnuthai Ponraj is the present President.It has two elementary schools one a committee management school, and own other one is panchayat union school. Thiruvalluvar ITI is imparting technical education here. Kovilpatti is famous for Hockey sports, so no wonder in playing hockey in this village. Two state level hockey tournaments both for men and women will be conducted every year by BHARATHI HOCKEY CLUB in association with DISTRICT HOCKEY ASSOCIATION. Main deity of this village is Sri Kaliamman and the summer festival (CHITHIRAI PONGAL) will last for 7 days. Though a small village it has produced two qualified doctors, one ONGC Engineer, two permanent college professors apart from bank staffs, teachers and techies. It has many entrepreneurs i.e. Foremen turned owner. Regarding agriculture it has two bonds to irrigate wet land most of the lands are manavary i.e. dry land suitable for cultivation of corn, bagira, cotton and all types of pulses. They follow the scientific agriculture to some extend according to the advice of Cotton Research Centre, Kovilpatti.
- Ramasamydas Park
- Rajaji Park
- Ram Anumannagar Park
See also 
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kovilpatti
- "Press Note, Delimitation Commission". Assembly Constituencies in Tamil Nadu. Delimitation Commission. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- "Press Note - Schedule for General Elections, 2009" (PDF). Press Information Burueau, Government of India. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- Homepage of Kovilpatti Municipality
- Thoothukudi District Official Webpage
- Buy Kovilpatti Kadalaimittai (Groundnut Burfy) @ www.nativespecial.com