Kovin

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"Cuvin" redirects here. For the village in Arad County, Romania, see Ghioroc.
Kovin
Ковин
Municipality and Town
Coat of arms of Kovin
Coat of arms
Kovin is located in Serbia
Kovin
Kovin
Location of Kovin within Serbia
Kovin is located in Vojvodina
Kovin
Kovin
Location of Kovin within Vojvodina
Coordinates: 44°45′N 20°58′E / 44.750°N 20.967°E / 44.750; 20.967Coordinates: 44°45′N 20°58′E / 44.750°N 20.967°E / 44.750; 20.967
Country  Serbia
Province  Vojvodina
District South Banat
Government
 • Mayor dr Gordana Zorić
Elevation 68 m (223 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Kovin 13,515
 • Metro 33,722
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26220, 26221, 26223
Area code(s) +381(0)13
Car plates KO
Website http://www.kovin.org.rs/
Map of Kovin municipality
Serbian Orthodox church
Romanian Orthodox church
The Saint Teresa of Avila Catholic Church

Kovin (Serbian Cyrillic: Ковин) is a town and municipality in South Banat District of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 13,515, while the municipality has 33,722 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the town is known as Kovin or Ковин, in Romanian as Cuvin, in Hungarian as Kevevára or (until 1899) Temeskubin, and in German as Kubin or Temeschkubin.

In the past, the town was also known as Donji Kovin ("lower Kovin") in contrast to the town with same name in Hungary that was known in Serbian as Gornji Kovin ("upper Kovin") and in Hungarian as Ráckeve ("the Serb Kovin").

History[edit]

The Dacian tribe of Albocenses dwelled in this area in the 2nd century AD.[1] There are remains of the ancient Roman fortress called Contra Margum, opposite to the Margum, a fortress on the other side of the Danube. In the 9th and 10th centuries, this area was populated by Slavs and Romanians[2] and Bulgarian Voivode Glad ruled over the region. Glad was defeated by the Hungarians, and the area was included into the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. In the 11th century, one of the descendants of Glad, Ahtum, ruled over the region but he, too, was defeated by the Hungarians.

Kovin is mentioned for the first time in the 12th century as a seat of the county, which included most of the western Banat. Since the 14th century, the city has had a large Serb population that escaped there from Serbia under threat by the Ottomans. The Serbian despot Lazar Branković took control over the city in 1457, but in the next year it came again under control of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In the 16th century, the city was included in the Ottoman Empire and became a part of the Ottoman Province of Temeşvar. During the Ottoman rule (16th-17th century), Kovin was mostly populated by ethnic Serbs. In 1716, it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy and belonged to the Habsburg Banat of Temeswar until 1751 when it became part of the Habsburg Military Frontier (Banat Krajina).

In 1848/1849, Kovin was part of the Serbian Voivodship, but in 1849 it was again placed under administration of the Military Frontier. With the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1873, Kovin was incorporated into Temes county within the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary. According to the 1910 census, Kovin District had a population of 35,482, of whom 21,795 spoke Serbian, 6,587 German, 5,705 Romanian, and 5,355 Hungarian. [1]

In 1918, Kovin became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929). Between 1918 and 1922, it was part of Banat county; between 1922 and 1929 part of the Podunavska oblast; and between 1929 and 1941 part of the Danube Banovina. Between 1941 and 1944, Kovin was under Axis occupation and was part of the autonomous Banat region within German-occupied Serbia. The town was heavily bombed by the Allies in 1944.[3] In 1945, it became part of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina within the Socialist Republic of Serbia and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1992, Kovin became part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was in 2003 transformed into the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since 2006, the town is part of an independent Serbia.

Inhabited places[edit]

Kovin municipality includes the town of Kovin and the following villages:

There is also this unofficial settlement in municipality:

Historical population of the town[edit]

Year 1900 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002 2011
Population 5,847 8,309 9,766 11,986 12,408 13,779 13,669 14,250 13,515

Ethnic groups[edit]

Major ethnic groups in the municipality[edit]

Year Population Serbs Germans Romanians Hungarians Croats Romani Slovaks Rest
1910 34,034 45.52% 19.30% 16.65% 15.64% 0.09% 1.28% 0.12% 1.70%
1931 35,600 50.66% 20.68% n/d 13.0% n/d n/d n/d 15.64%
1961 39,994 73.1% n/d 17.6% 13.59% n/d 0.04% 0.14% 5.27%
1991 38,263 73.53% 0.20% 4.54% 10.28% 0.39% 2.47% 0.05% 8.54%
2002 36,802 76.75% 0.13% 3.7% 9.26% 0.3% 3.1% 0.11% 7.44%
2011[4] 33,722 74.58% 0.14% 3.47% 8.90% 0.19% 4.5% 0.04% 8.18%

Settlements by ethnic majority[edit]

Settlements with a Serb ethnic majority are: Kovin, Bavanište, Gaj, Deliblato, Dubovac, Malo Bavanište, Mramorak, and Pločica. Skorenovac has a Hungarian ethnic majority. Šumarak is an ethnically-mixed settlement with a relative Hungarian majority.

Major ethnic groups in the town[edit]

Year Total Serbs Hungarians Romanians Romani Montenegrins Yugoslavs Macedonians Rest
1991 13,669 76.19% 6.78% 3.47% 1.40% 1.67% 6.81% 0.76% 2.21%
2002 14,250 80.79% 5.51% 2.93% 2.00% 0.92% 1.26% 0.50% 6.09%
2011[4] 13,515 79.22% 5.18% 2.60% 2.40% 0.50% 0.43% 0.50% 9.17%

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ptolemy's Geographia
  2. ^ Anonymus, Gesta Hungarorum, Mentor Publishers,2000, p.120, ISBN 973-98955-9-x
  3. ^ Serbs were not specially chosen as targets, Danas
  4. ^ a b "Population by ethnicity – Kovin". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  1. Jovan Erdeljanović, Srbi u Banatu, Novi Sad, 1992.
  2. Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links[edit]