Kowloon Motor Bus

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"KMB" redirects here. For other uses, see KMB (disambiguation).
Kowloon Motor Bus
KowloonMotorBus.svg
KMB-E500-2.jpg
Parent Transport International Holdings
Founded 13 April 1933 (historical 1921)
Headquarters Lai Chi Kok
Service type Bus services
Routes 399
Depots 4
Fleet 3,807 (December 2012)
Chief executive Edmond Ho Tak Man
Website www.kmb.hk/

The Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited (KMB; Chinese: 九龍巴士(一九三三)有限公司), is a bus company operating franchised services in Hong Kong. It is a subsidiary of Transport International Holdings.

History[edit]

KMB bus stop
Preserved AEC Regent V in April 2012
KMB's first air-conditioned bus, a 1988 Alexander bodied Leyland Olympian
Wright Eclipse Gemini bodied Volvo B9TL in January 2012
MCV Evolution bodied Volvo B7RLE in January 2012

KMB was founded on 13 April 1933 as a result of the reformation of public transport by the Hong Kong Government. Before the reformation, there were several independent bus operators working on both sides of Victoria Harbour including KMB.

The KMB franchise allowed for the operation of public omnibus service on the Kowloon side as well as the New Territories. By 11 June 1933, KMB had a fleet of 106 single-deck buses.

The founding members of KMB were:

  • Tang Shiu-kin (鄧肇堅)
  • William Louey Sui Tak (雷瑞德)
  • Lui Leung (雷亮)
  • Tam Woon Tong (譚煥堂)
  • Lam Ming Fan (林明勳)

By 1940, KMB had 140 single-deckers operating on 17 routes. As only a handful of buses survived World War II, some lorries were temporarily converted into buses. By the late 1940s, KMB ridership increased with the huge influx of immigration from China. In 1949, KMB bought 20 Daimler double-deckers from England, becoming the first operator of double-deckers in Hong Kong.

Following the opening of the Cross Harbour Tunnel in 1972, KMB operated a number of cross-harbour routes jointly with CMB, China Motor Bus, the sole bus operator on Hong Kong Island. This marked the first time KMB buses running on the island.

In the same year, KMB began experimenting with buses operating without a fare collector. All passengers would board from the front door and pay the fare by putting money into the collection box next to the driver.

In 1975, the first air-conditioned bus in Hong Kong was put into service by KMB. Following the testing of double-deck air-conditioned buses Victory and Jubilant in the early 1980s, KMB became the world's first operator of such buses. All purchases after 1995 have been for air-conditioned buses.

In 1996, KMB formed a subsidiary, Long Win Bus Company, to provide service on the Lantau Link to the new Hong Kong International Airport and Tung Chung. In 1998, KMB extended its business into mainland China with a co-operative joint venture, Dalian Hong Kong Macau Company Limited.

In 1999, KMB started to operate some KCR Feeder Bus (now MTR Feeder Bus) routes, which are complimentary to passengers of the KCR East Rail (now MTR East Rail Line).

On 8 May 2012, KMB withdrew its last non-air-conditioned buses from service. From then on, all franchised bus routes in Hong Kong have been operated solely by air-conditioned buses.[1]

Innovations[edit]

KMB is the first franchised bus company in Hong Kong that achieved the following:

  • Air-conditioned franchised bus service (early 1975)
  • First super-low-floor easy access (SLF) double-deckers (1997)
  • ISO 9001:1994 certification (1999)
  • ISO 9001:2000 certification (2002)
  • ISO 14001 certification (2001 & 2003)
  • Hong Kong Green Mark Certification (2007)

Fare[edit]

Passengers pay the exact fare in cash or using an Octopus card, a smart card fare collection. Discounts apply for Octopus users on specified interchange combinations.[2][3] On buses with sectional fares, the fare decreases as the bus passes each fare zone.

To enable elderly people and eligible persons with disabilities to travel on the general Mass Transit Railway (MTR) lines, franchised buses and ferries any time at a concessionary fare of $2 per trip, starting from 2012. The Scheme aims to help build a caring and inclusive society by encouraging these groups to participate more in community activities.

Fleet[edit]

Further information: Kowloon Motor Bus fleet

As of December 2012, Kowloon Motor Bus has a fleet of 3,807 air-conditioned buses, of which 3,634 are double-deckers.

The KMB fleet is divided among four depots in Kowloon and the New Territories. The depot of a bus is identified by the letter K, L, S, or U, and the letter is marked on the bottom left of the driver's windscreen or below windscreen. The assignment scheme is as follows:

  • K: Kowloon Bay Depot
  • L: Lai Chi Kok (Stonecutter's Island) Depot
  • S: Sha Tin (Siu Lek Yuen) Depot
  • U: Formerly Un Long (Yuen Long) Depot, currently Tuen Mun Depot

Facilities[edit]

KMB buses are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities. Newer buses, such as the Alexander Dennis Enviro 500, have colour CCTV cameras installed whereas older buses use a mirror. A bus stop announcement systems is installed on every bus and informs passengers of the next stop. LCD TVs with programs are also available on most air-conditioned buses, with programs are provided by RoadShow.

Routes[edit]

KMB serves 399 routes in Kowloon and the New Territories, and operates cross-harbour tunnel routes in cooperation with the two other bus operators, New World First Bus and Citybus.

Route numbering system[edit]

Route numbers consist of a number, with an optional letter prefix or suffix. If the digit portion is single- or double-digits, the following scheme is observed:

Routes Service areas
1-29 Urban Kowloon
30-99 Outside Urban Kowloon/New Territories

If the number has three digits, the first digit signifies the service, and the remaining two digits follow the above numbering scheme except as indicated:

Prefix Service Notes
1 (1xx) Cross-harbour routes via the Cross-Harbour Tunnel.  
2 (2xx) Routes using air-conditioned buses only. This is no longer significant since all routes are air-conditioned.
3 (3xx) Special cross-harbour tunnel routes with service during the morning and/or evening rush hours only 307 is a regular full-time routes
6 (6xx) Cross-harbour routes via the Eastern Harbour Crossing.  
8 (8xx) Routes serving the Sha Tin Racecourse on horse racing days.  
9 (9xx) Cross-harbour routes via the Western Harbour Crossing.  

On buses with printed plaques, the route number and destination are displayed in white on black for non-cross habour routes and white on red for cross-harbour routes. Buses using dot-matrix displays do not have special background colours.

At bus stops, the route numbers are displayed in black on white for non-cross harbour routes, white on red for cross-harbour routes 1xx, 3xx, 6xx, and 8xx, and white on green for cross-harbour routes 9xx.

The prefix and/or suffix carries additional information about the route:

Prefix Meaning Examples
N Overnight routes N122, N170
T Limited-service express routes T270, T277[4]
Suffix Meaning Examples
A through F There is no clear assignment.
  • "A" may represent routes the longer and shorter versions of the same or similar routes.
  • Some represent special, non-full-time routes
  • There might be very little overlap in the routes:
  • Same/similar: 1 and 1A, 5 and 5A, 6C and 6F; previously 6 vs 6A, 7 vs 7A
  • Special: 259C, 270B (Non-full time route)
  • Little overlap: 2, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F
K Routes terminating at a KCR (now MTR East Rail Line, Ma On Shan Line and West Rail Line) station
Note that non-K suffixed routes may also terminate at an MTR station: 58X (Mong Kok East Station)
  • 87K (University Station)
  • 93K (Mong Kok East Station)
M Routes terminating at an MTR station
Note that non-M suffixed routes may also terminate at an MTR station: 11 (on both ends: Kowloon and Diamond Hill Stations), 37 (Olympic Station)
  • 59M and 68M (Tsuen Wan Station)
  • 264M (Tsing Yi Station)(Cancelled)
  • 216M (Kwun Tong Station)
P Routes that have limited hours or days of service
Exceptions: 8P and 276P are regular full-time routes
69P (06:45 to 08:30 Monday to Saturday except public holidays)
R Recreational routes that run on specific days only
  • 6R (Open Day of Ngong Shuen Chau Barracks[5])
  • 96R (Sunday and Public Holidays)
  • 41R and 269R (at the end of some programmes at the Hong Kong Coliseum[6])
S Special routes that run on specific days only 14S and 76S (during Qingming_Festival[7] and Double_Ninth_Festival[8] Festivals)
X Express routes; service may be full-time or limited 11X, 49X, 68X, 74X, 215X
Y Special route that operates when ferry service is limited to Park Island Y41 (Operates parallel to NR330, from Tsing Yi MTR Station to and from Park Island)

Route numbers 1 to 99 are unique only within each service area: (1) Hong Kong island, (2) Kowloon and New Territories, (3) Lantau island. All other route numbers are unique within the territory.

Route Hong Kong Island (NWFB/Citybus) Kowloon and New Territories (KMB) Lantau (NLB)
1 Kennedy Town ↔ Happy Valley (Upper) (Citybus) Star Ferry ↔ Chuk Yuen Estate Mui Wo ↔ Tai O
23 North Point Ferry ↔ Pokfield Road (NWFB) Kwun Tong Ferry ↔ Shun Lee (Circular) Tung Chung ↔ Ngong Ping

KMB has no 5xx (Hong Kong Island, air-conditioned bus routes), 7xx (Express bus using the Island Corridor), or Axx or Exx (service to the airport). Currently KMB does not use Mxx to designate buses serving an Airport Express station.

Football team[edit]

Kowloon Motor Bus also had a defunct Hong Kong football club, Kowloon Motor Bus Co. It was formed in 1947 and joined Hong Kong First Division League in the 1947/48 season. Nicknamed "Atomic Bus", the team obtained the only two league titles in 1953/54 and 1966/67. The team attained its peak in the 1950s and 1960s when the "South China - Kowloon Motor Bus Co. crash" (南巴大戰) was one of the highlighted rival matches in Hong Kong. In 1970/71, the team faced their first relegation, but was able to stay in the First Division as Jardines quit the league in the following season. However, the team were relegated in 1972/73. It made its last First Division League appearance in 1976/77 bus was relegated after only one season. In 1981, the football team quit the league.

Competitors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General[edit]

  • 香港足球總會九十週年紀念特刊

External links[edit]