Kozelets

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Kozelets’
Козелець
Urban-type settlement
The city's main street, with the belltower in the background.
The city's main street, with the belltower in the background.
Flag of Kozelets’
Flag
Coat of arms of Kozelets’
Coat of arms
Kozelets’ is located in Ukraine
Kozelets’
Kozelets’
Location of Kozelets in Ukraine
Coordinates: 50°54′0″N 31°07′0″E / 50.90000°N 31.11667°E / 50.90000; 31.11667Coordinates: 50°54′0″N 31°07′0″E / 50.90000°N 31.11667°E / 50.90000; 31.11667
Country  Ukraine
Province Chernihiv Oblast
District Kozelets Raion
First mentioned 1098
Magdeburg rights 1656
Town status 1924
Government
 • Head Petro Fedchenko
Area
 • Total 8.44 km2 (3.26 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 8,305
 • Density 1,037.67/km2 (2,687.6/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 17003
Area code(s) +380 4646
Website http://rada.gov.ua/

Kozelets (Ukrainian: Козелець; Russian: Козелец) is a historic town located in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Kozelets is located on the Oster River, a tributary of the Dnieper. The city's estimated population is 8,305 (as of 2007).

The town was first mentioned in written documents in 1098, but its status as an urban-type settlement (a step below that of a city) was granted in 1924.[1] It serves as the administrative center of the Kozelets Raion (district) housing the raion's administrative structure.

Notable attractions in the city includes the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin designed in the Ukrainian Baroque style by architects Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi and Andrei Kvasov according to a plan by imperial architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli. Kozelets also houses several local food industries, and a veterinary technicum.[2]

History[edit]

Kozelets was first mentioned in 1098 as a fortified town in the East Slavic state of Kievan Rus'.[2] During times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Kozelets was known by the name Kozlohrad (Ukrainian: Козлоград).

The town's main cathedral, designed by Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi and Andrei Kvasov.

In the beginning of the 17th century, Kozelets was an important regional trade center.[3] The town was also a sotnia town in the Pereiaslav and Kiev Regiment of the Cossack Hetmanate during the 17-18th centuries.[4]

In 1656, Kozelets was granted the Magdeburg rights. The Kozelets Cossack Rada elected Yakym Somko as the Hetman of the Cossacks in 1662.[5][6] After the Tatar invasion of 1669, Kozelets was partially destroyed.

The city also served as a regional center of the Kiev, Malorossiya, and Chernigov Governorates of the Russian Empire during the 18-19th centuries.[2] At the end of the 19th century, Kozelets's population was 5,420.[7]

After the breakup of the Russian Empire leading to the Russian Civil War, Kozelets became a part of the Soviet Union. In 1924, its status as a city was removed and given that of an urban-type settlement. During World War II, the Nazi Einsatzgruppen executed 125 of the towns's Jews, a population which numbered 2,000 before the war.[8]

Attractions[edit]

The cathedral's hand-crafted iconostasis was made in Italy.

Being a regimental Cossack town, Kozelets has some important architectural monuments. This includes the Regimental Chancellery Building (the current town hall), the Darahan Mansion complex, the Saint Michael's Church (built in 1784) and the Ascension Church (1864–66).[2]

The town's main cathedral and architectural attraction is the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. The cathedral was built in the mid-18th century in the late Ukrainian Baroque style by architects Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi and Andrei Kvasov,[9][10] according to a project by imperial architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli.[11] Funds for the construction of the cathedral were provided by Alexey and Kyrylo Rozumovsky (the latter was appointed Hetman in 1750).[10]

People from Kozelets[edit]

List of famous people from Kozelets:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Urban-type settlement Kozelets, Chernihiv Oblast, Kozeletskyi Raion". Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Kozelets". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  3. ^ Kozelets. Moscow: Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1969–1978. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  4. ^ "Kozeletskyi Raion. General information about the raion". Division of Culture and Tourism (in Ukrainian). Chernihiv Oblast Government Administration. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  5. ^ Syundyukov, Ihor (September 18, 2004). "Ukrainian rebellion". The Day (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  6. ^ Yakovenko, Nataliya (1997). Нариси Історії України: З найдавніших часів до кінця XVIII ст.. Kyiv. 
  7. ^ Kozelets. V. 27. Saint Petersburg: Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary. 1895. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  8. ^ ""The Einsatzgruppen Case" Military Tribunal II". UWE Bristol. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  9. ^ Malenkov, Roman. "Oster, Kozelets and others". Ukraine Incognita (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  10. ^ a b "Kozelets. Cathedral of the Nativity". castles.com.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  11. ^ "Iconostasis". Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin in Kozelets (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  12. ^ Богомолець. О. "Замок-музей Радомисль на Шляху Королів Via Regia". — Київ, 2013
  13. ^ a b "Kozelets". Gorod.cn.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-06-17. 

External links[edit]