Kra Buri District

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Kra Buri
กระบุรี
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Ranong Province
Amphoe location in Ranong Province
Coordinates: 10°25′54″N 98°47′18″E / 10.43167°N 98.78833°E / 10.43167; 98.78833Coordinates: 10°25′54″N 98°47′18″E / 10.43167°N 98.78833°E / 10.43167; 98.78833
Country  Thailand
Province Ranong
Area
 • Total 783.0 km2 (302.3 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 44,808
 • Density 57.2/km2 (148/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 85110
Geocode 8504

Kra Buri (Thai: กระบุรี) is the northernmost district (Amphoe) of Ranong Province, southern Thailand.

History[edit]

Mueang Tra (or Kra) was established in Ayutthaya era as the 4th class city under Chumphon. The first governor was Mr. Kaew, a cousin of the governor of Nakhon Si Thammarat. Later he was promoted to be Phra Kaew Korop (พระแก้วโกรพ). Mueang Tra was set to be a frontier town of Ayutthaya. The old town center was located in Tambon Pak Chan, later in 1884 Phra Atsadongkhata Thisaraksa (พระอัษฎงคตทิศรักษา) moved it to Tambon Nam Chuet as being better commercially and strategically.

Mueang Tra faced big wars by the Burmese troops two times, in 1764 in reign of King Ekkathat and in 1786 in the reign of King Rama I of Rattanakosin. During World War II the Japanese troops set Tra as their western division location, and built a Japanese troops railway from Kraburi via La Un to Mueang Ranong.

Kra Buri was downgraded to be a district of Ranong province around 1896.

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the northeast clockwise) Tha Sae, Mueang Chumphon and Sawi of Chumphon Province, and La-un of Ranong Province. To the west is the Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar.

The important water resource is the Kraburi river. Its long estuary is protected as a Ramsar wetland.

Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 7 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 60 villages (muban). Nam Chuet is a township (thesaban tambon) and covers parts of the tambon Nam Chuet. There are 7 Tambon administrative organizations (TAO) responsible for the non-municipal area.

No. Name Thai Villages
1. Nam Chuet น้ำจืด 9 7,729
2. Nam Chuet Noi น้ำจืดน้อย 6 2,798
3. Mamu มะมุ 8 4,859
4. Pak Chan ปากจั่น 11 6,919
5. Lam Liang ลำเลียง 11 8,186
6. Choporo จ.ป.ร. 10 11,436
7. Bang Yai บางใหญ่ 5 2,881
 Map of Tambon

See also[edit]

The first governor was Phra Kaew Korop (พระแก้วโกรพ)

Tan Kim Ching former Governor of Kraburi.[1][2][3]

Khaw Sim Khim na Ranong, became governor of Kraburi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tan Tock Seng, Pioneer: His Life, Times, Contributions, and Legacy By Kamala Devi Dhoraisingam, Dhoraisingam S. Samuel Published by Natural History Publications (Borneo), 2003; ISBN 983-812-079-0, ISBN 978-983-812-079-1; p. 82
  2. ^ The Political Economy of Siam, 1910-1932 By Chatthip Nartsupha, Suthy Prasartset, Montri Chenvidyakarn, Montrī Čhēnwitkān Published by Social Science Association of Thailand, 1981; p. 127, 131
  3. ^ The Greek Favourite of the King of Siam By Sitsayamkan (Sit) Published by Donald Moore Press, 1967; p. xiv