Krasnogorodsk

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Krasnogorodsk (English)
Красногородск (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Work settlement[2]
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Krasnogorodsk is located in Pskov Oblast
Krasnogorodsk
Krasnogorodsk
Location of Krasnogorodsk in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°49′44″N 28°16′51″E / 56.82889°N 28.28083°E / 56.82889; 28.28083Coordinates: 56°49′44″N 28°16′51″E / 56.82889°N 28.28083°E / 56.82889; 28.28083
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative district Krasnogorodsky District[3]
Administrative center of Krasnogorodsky District[3]
Municipal status (as of February 2010)
Municipal district Krasnogorodsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Krasnogorodsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Krasnogorodsky Municipal District, Krasnogorodsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 3,870 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
settlement 1464[6]
Urban-type settlement status since 1967[6]
Previous names Krasnogorodskoye (until 1995)[6]

Krasnogorodsk (Russian: Красногородск) is an urban locality (a work settlement) and the administrative center of Krasnogorodsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Sinyaya River south of Pskov. Municipally, it is incorporated as Krasnogorodsk Urban Settlement, the only urban settlement in the district. Population: 3,870 (2010 Census);[4] 4,694 (2002 Census);[7] 5,295 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Krasnogorodsk was founded in 1464 as Krasny Gorodets and was a fortress protecting Pskov from the southwest - one of the directions the Livonian Order was likely to advance from. In the beginning of the 15th century, together with Pskov, it was transferred to the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In 1581, Krasny Gorodets was conquered by the Polish Army and burned down. In 1607, it was again conquered by Lithuanians. In 1634 a peace between Russia and Poland was concluded, and the Krasny Gorodets was transferred to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. It was returned to Russia under one of the provisions of the Truce of Andrusovo in 1667.[9] By the end of the 19th century, the name of the settlement was Krasnogorodskoye and it was a part of Opochetsky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Krasnogorodsky District was established, with the administrative center in Krasnogorodskoye. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 1, 1932 the district was abolished and split between Pushkinsky, Ostrovsky, and Opochetsky Districts. On March 5, 1935 the district was re-established on the areas belonging to Pushkinsky and Opochetsky Districts. Between May 11, 1935 and February 5, 1941, Krasnogorodsky District was a part of Opochka Okrug of Leningrad Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. Between 1941 and 1944, the district was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957 the oblast was abolished, and Krasnogorodsky District was transferred into Pskov Oblast. On February 1, 1963 the district was abolished and merged into Opochetsky District; on December 30, 1966 it was re-established. On April 26, 1967, Krasnogorodskoye was granted urban-type settlement status, and on January 26, 1995 it was renamed Krasnogorodsk.[6]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The industry in Krasnogorodsk is represented by food and textile production.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Krasnogorodsk is connected by roads with Opochka and with Kārsava in Latvia, and has access to the European route E262, running from Ostrov to Kaunas via Rēzekne and Daugavpils. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Krasnogorodsk contains one cultural heritage monument classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The monument, which is the site of the former Krasny Gorodets fortress, in protected at the federal level.[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 214 551 003», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 214 551 003, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 18, 2012. 
  10. ^ Экономика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 18, 2012. 
  11. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1478-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1478-OZ of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).