Kramatorsk

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Kramatorsk
Краматорськ
City
Flag of Kramatorsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Kramatorsk
Coat of arms
Kramatorsk on the map of Ukraine
Kramatorsk on the map of Ukraine
Kramatorsk is located in Donetsk Oblast
Kramatorsk
Kramatorsk
Kramatorsk on the map of Donetsk Oblast
Coordinates: 48°43′N 37°32′E / 48.717°N 37.533°E / 48.717; 37.533Coordinates: 48°43′N 37°32′E / 48.717°N 37.533°E / 48.717; 37.533
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Donetsk Oblast
Founded 1868
City status since 1932
Area
 • City 117.1 km2 (45.2 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • City 164,283
 • Density 583/km2 (1,510/sq mi)
 • Metro 197,752
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 84300-84390
Area code(s) +380 626(4)
Website www.krm.gov.ua

Kramatorsk (Ukrainian: Краматорськ, Kramators'k) is a city of oblast significance located at the northern portion of Donetsk Oblast, in eastern Ukraine. Since October 11, Kramatorsk has been the provisional capital of Donetsk Oblast, following the events surrounding the War in Donbass.[1]

The city is located on the banks of the Kazennyi Torets River which is a right tributary of the Siversky Donets. Population: 164,283 (2013 population estimate)[2]. It is an important industrial and mechanical engineering centre in Ukraine. At various periods, Kramatorsk was a place of residence for a number of notable people including Leonid Bykov, Joseph Kobzon and the youngest person to ever become FIDE World Champion Ruslan Ponomariov.

Geography[edit]

Kramatorsk and its city municipality is located between Sloviansk Raion and Kostiantynivka Raion and along with its centers is part of a major urban agglomeration in the region.

Demographics[edit]

Kramatorsk has a population of over 164,700 inhabitants (2013) and has a metropolitan area of over 197,000 inhabitants (2013).

Native language as of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[3]

According to the 2001 population census, the ethnic composition of Kramatorsk is:

History[edit]

The city grew from a settlement by a small railway station in 1868 into a major urban settlement in the north of Donetsk Oblast with several heavy machine production facilities.

2014 clashes[edit]

Main article: Kramatorsk standoff

On April 13, the police station in Kramatorsk was seized by pro-Russian militants, and later the city council.[4] This resulted in a tense standoff between the Ukrainian Armed Forces and pro-Russian militants. After months of fighting, the rebels withdrew and the city came under Ukrainian control.[5]

Economy and Industry[edit]

Kramatorsk has not stayed away from the international outsourcing trend prompted by the emergence of the information society in Ukraine in the Post-Soviet years. An IT company QuartSoft Corp. was founded in Kramatorsk in 1999. Now it has offices in the United States and Austria.

Machinebuilding[edit]

  • New Kramatorsk Machninebuilding Plant (NKMZ), 1934 - design and production of machines and equipment for mining, steel rolling, metallurgy, production and handling of cast iron, artillery weapon systems.
  • Old Kramatorsk Machinebuilding Plant,

In the 2000s, a wind turbine production facility was constructed in Kramatorsk. This is a joint venture between German Fuhrländer AG and its Ukrainian partners. According to their site, Fuhrländer became the first company in the renewable energy sector to obtain a building permit from the Ukrainian government.[6]

Civil society[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kikhtenko to move Donetsk administration to Kramatorsk and to leave power structures in Mariupol". Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian). Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Kramatorsk police headquarters stormed". BBC. April 13, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Separatists cleared from Sloviansk and Kramatorsk". Kyiv Post. July 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Fuhrländer opens joint venture park in Ukraine". Retrieved 2012-09-28. 

External links[edit]