Kranji War Cemetery
|Kranji War Cemetery|
|Commonwealth War Graves Commission|
|Used for those deceased 1942–1945|
near Kranji, Singapore
|Designed by||Colin St Clair Oakes|
|Burials by nation|
Specific figures are not available
|Burials by war|
|Statistics source: Commonwealth War Graves Commission|
The Kranji War Cemetery (Malay: Tanah Perkuburan Perang Kranji) is located in Kranji, Singapore, and is the final resting place for Allied soldiers who perished during the Battle of Singapore and the subsequent Japanese occupation of the island from 1942–1945 and in other parts of Southeast Asia during World War II.
There are 4,461 World War II casualties buried or commemorated at this cemetery, of which more than 850 of these are unidentified. There are 64 World War I headstones, of which three commemorate casualties known to have been buried elsewhere but whose graves could not be found on concentration.
The Kranji area was previously a military camp. At the time of the Japanese invasion of Malaya, the area was in use as an ammunition magazine. After the fall of Singapore, the Japanese established a prisoner-of-war camp at Kranji and a hospital nearby at Woodlands. After the war, In 1946, it was decided that Kranji would be designated as Singapore's War Cemetery so the small cemetery at Kranji was developed into a permanent war cemetery and subsequently war graves from Buona Vista, Changi, and other cemeteries were removed and re-interred at Kranji. .
Colin St Clair Oakes designed the Singapore Memorial and the War Cemetery, and the memorial was unveiled on 2 March 1957 by Sir Robert Black, who was a former a prisoner of war of the Japanese and at the time of the unveiling was then the Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Singapore.
Special memorials exist to commemorate specific deaths or graves that could not be found. These memorials are mainly clustered around the main Singapore Memorial.
Singapore (Unmaintainable Graves) Memorial
This memorial commemorates over 250 troops killed in action in British Malaya whose graves, whilst known, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission were unable to maintain and whose bodies could not be moved due to religious conviction.
Singapore Cremation Memorial
Singapore Civil Hospital Grave Memorial
At the end of the occupation of the island, wounded civilians and servicemen were brought to the hospital in large numbers. Many of these died and a mass grave was established for more than 400 of the bodies. After the war, rather than disturb the grave in a largely futile attempt to identify any single casualties, a cross was built over the grave and the site was consecrated by the Bishop of Singapore.
- "Pagenation.com". Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- "Commonwealth War Graves Commission: KRANJI WAR CEMETERY". Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- "Digger History". Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- "Kranji Cemetery Plan". Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- "Uniquely Singapore". Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- "Kranji Memorials". National Library Board, Singapore. Retrieved 2007-01-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kranji War Memorial.|
- The War Graves Photographic Project (photo archive of all graves in Kranji War Cemetery)
- Petrowiliamus guide
- Pictures at My Far East
- Digger History: an unofficial history of the Australian & New Zealand Armed Forces
- Peter Chou's PBase Gallery Kranji War Memorial
- Roll of Honour - Details of the men buried in Kranji in several databases