Kraslice

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Coordinates: 50°19′45″N 12°30′31″E / 50.32917°N 12.50861°E / 50.32917; 12.50861
Kraslice
Town
Kraslice-Rathaus.jpg
Town hall
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Karlovy Vary
District Sokolov
Commune Kraslice
Elevation 514 m (1,686 ft)
Coordinates 50°19′45″N 12°30′31″E / 50.32917°N 12.50861°E / 50.32917; 12.50861
Area 81.35 km2 (31.41 sq mi)
Population 7,299 (2006-07-03)
Density 90 / km2 (233 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1272
Mayor Zdenek Brantl
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 358 01 - 358 03
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in Sokolov District
Wikimedia Commons: Kraslice
Website: www.kraslice.cz

Kraslice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkraslɪtsɛ]; German: Graslitz) is a town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.

Geography[edit]

The town is situated on the southern slopes of the eastern reaches of the Ore Mountains, some 5 km from the neighbouring German town of Klingenthal. It lies in an area known for swarm type seismic activity. The last strong earthquake swarm was in 1986.[1]

The city lies on railway line No 145 from Sokolov to Klingenthal. Passenger services are provided by the railway company of Viamont.

History[edit]

German monks from Waldsassen Abbey in Bavaria were the first to settle the upper Svatava valley in the 12th century. The town was granted regal city status by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV in 1370. In 1944 a women's subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was established here.

Etymology[edit]

The roots of the name derive from the medieval German "Graz", meaning pine forest. Many variants were used throughout the town's history: Greselin, Zum Greselin, Gresslens, Gresslas, Gresslitz, Graeslitz and Graslitz. The Czech name is a transliteration of the last used German name.

Population[edit]

Graslitz had 13.936 inhabitants on December 1, 1930, 6.294 inhabitants May 22, 1947 and currently has some 7,000 inhabitants – a significant decrease from the pre-World War II population figure of around 20,000, due to the expulsion of the German-speaking population after that war.

Partner cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nehybka, V; Skácelová, Z (2000). "Results of seismological measurements by the Kraslice network in the period 1991–1998". Exploration Geophysics, Remote Sensing and Environment 7 (1-2): 18–28. 

External links[edit]