Krasnoborsky District

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Krasnoborsky District
Красноборский район (Russian)
Ru-ark-krasnoborsky loc.svg
Location of Krasnoborsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 61°33′N 45°56′E / 61.550°N 45.933°E / 61.550; 45.933Coordinates: 61°33′N 45°56′E / 61.550°N 45.933°E / 61.550; 45.933
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2011)
Administrative center selo of Krasnoborsk[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
selsoviet 10
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 341
Municipal structure (as of March 2012)
Municipally incorporated as Krasnoborsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area 9,500 km2 (3,700 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 13,815 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 1.45/km2 (3.8/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established April 10, 1924[8]
Official website
Krasnoborsky District on WikiCommons

Krasnoborsky District (Russian: Краснобо́рский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Krasnoborsky Municipal District.[3] It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Verkhnetoyemsky District in the north, Udorsky District of the Komi Republic in the northeast, Lensky District in the east, Kotlassky District in the south, and with Ustyansky District in the west. Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Krasnoborsk.[2] District's population: 13,815 (2010 Census);[5] 17,144 (2002 Census);[9] 20,491 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Krasnoborsk accounts for 34.5% of the district's total population.[5]

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. After the fall of Novgorod, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Krasnoborsk was founded in 1602 as Krasny Bor. From the 17th century, Krasny Bor held an annual trade fair.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. Simultaneously, Krasny Bor was renamed Krasnoborsk, granted town status, and Krasnoborsky Uyezd was established. In 1796, the uyezd was abolished, and its territory was included into Solvychegodsky Uyezd of Vologda Governorate. In 1918, the area was transferred to the newly established Northern Dvina Governorate and in 1924 the uyezds were abolished in favor of the new divisions, the districts (raions). Krasnoborsky District was established on April 10, 1924.

In the following years, the district remained within the same borders, but the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1929, Northern Dvina Governorate was merged into Northern Krai, which in 1936 was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Krasnoborsky District remained in Arkhangelsk Oblast ever since.

From 1924 to 1959, Cherevkovsky District existed, with its administrative center located in Cherevkovo, initially in Northern Dvina Governorate. On September 11, 1959, the district was abolished and split between Krasnoborsky, Verkhnetoyemsky, and Ustyansky Districts; the administrative center Cherevkovo became a part of Krasnoborsky District.

Location and geography[edit]

Lake Kotishche in the Northern Dvina floodplain, Cherevkovo

The district is located on both banks of the Northern Dvina River. A major part of the district belongs to the basins of the Northern Dvina River and its major tributaries. The main (right-hand) Northern Dvina tributary which flows through the district is the Uftyuga. Minor parts of the district belong to the basins of other major tributaries of the Northern Dvina: the Ustya River (southwest) and the Pinega River (northeast). The source of the Pinega is located in Verkhnetoyemsky District; however, the Pinega starts at the confluence of the Belaya River and the Chyornaya River, both of which have their sources in Krasnoborsky District. A very small area in the northeast of the district, adjacent to the Komi Republic, belongs to the basin of the Vashka River, a tributary of the Mezen (not of the Northern Dvina basin). The whole area of the district lies in the drainage basin of the White Sea.

Almost the whole of the district is covered by coniferous forests (taiga). The exception are the meadows in the floodplains.

Divisions[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administratively, the district is divided into ten selsoviets.[2] The following selsoviets have been established (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):[2]

  • Alexeyevsky (Krasnoborsk)
  • Belosludsky (Bolshaya Sludka)
  • Beryozonavolotsky (Beryozonavolok)
  • Cherevkovsky (Cherevkovo)
  • Kulikovsky (Kulikovo)
  • Lyakhovsky (Yemelyanovskaya)
  • Novoshinsky (Komsomolsky)
  • Permogorsky (Bolshaya)
  • Telegovsky (Yershevskaya)
  • Verkhneuftyugsky (Verkhnyaya Uftyuga)

Municipal divisions[edit]

St. Demetrius Church in Verkhnyaya Uftyuga

Municipally, the district is divided into seven rural settlements (the administrative centers are given in parentheses):[3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The basis of the economy of the district is timber industry, which is more developed on the left bank of the Northern Dvina than on the right bank. Food industry is also present.[11]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2008, there were twenty-four farms of various sizes in the district. These produced meat (beef and pork), milk, cereals, and potatoes. There were also two posts buying wild berries and mushrooms from the gatherers.[12]

Transportation[edit]

The Northern Dvina is navigable, although there is no regular passenger navigation.

There is a road connecting Kotlas and Arkhangelsk which passes through Krasnoborsk. There are also local roads. There is regular passenger bus traffic over the district, and also from Krasnoborsk to Arkhangelsk.

Education[edit]

There are three high schools in the district (located in Krasnoborsk, Cherevkovo, and Verkhnyaya Uftyuga), and six basic (providing nine-year education) and elementary schools/[13] There is also a technical college in Krasnoborsk which was founded in 1911 and mostly caters to the timber industry.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The selo of Cherevkovo

The district contains fourteen objects classified as cultural and historical heritage by Russian Federal law, and additionally sixty-three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance.[14][15] Most of these are wooden churches and wooden rural houses built prior to 1917.

The only state museum in the district is Sergey Tupitsyn Museum of History and Art (founded in 1958) with the main building in Krasnoborsk and a branch in the selo of Cherevkovo.[16]

Alexander Borisov, a Russian landscape painter, had an estate in the village of Gorodishchenskaya, close to Krasnoborsk. He lived there most of his life since 1909 and died in his house in 1934.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #65-5-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 230», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 230, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c d Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
  4. ^ Красноборский район (in Russian). Двина-Информ. Retrieved August 4, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917–1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Красноборский муниципальный район. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  12. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Красноборский муниципальный район. Retrieved May 28, 2011. 
  13. ^ Образование в Красноборском районе (in Russian). Красноборский муниципальный район. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  15. ^ Список памятников Архангельской области (in Russian). Администрация Архангельской области. August 13, 1998. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  16. ^ Красноборский историко-мемориальный и художественный музей имени С.И. Тупицына (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №65-5-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Архангельской области», в ред. Областного закона №677-40-ОЗ от 5 июня 2013 г. «О внесении дополнений и изменений в отдельные Областные Законы в связи с изменением законодательства о градостроительной деятельности». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №43, 6 октября 2009 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #65-5-OZ of September 23, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #677-40-OZ of June 5, 2013 On Supplementing and Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to Changes in the Urban Development Legislation. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. Областной закон №258-внеоч.-ОЗ от 23 сентября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах территорий муниципальных образований в Архангельской области (текст в ред. от 15 февраля 2010 г.)», в ред. Областного закона №121-7-ОЗ от 21 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Двинское" и "Тимошинское" Верхнетоемского муниципального района Архангельской области путём их объединения». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волна", №38, 8 октября 2004 г. (Arkhangelsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Oblast Law #258-vneoch.-OZ of September 23, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Territories of the Municipal Formations in Arkhangelsk Oblast (text of rev. of February 15, 2010), as amended by the Oblast Law #121-7-OZ of April 21, 2014 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Dvinskoye" and "Timoshinskoye" in Verkhnetoyemsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast By Merging Them Together. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).