|Краснодарский край (Russian)|
|— Krai —|
|Anthem: Anthem of Krasnodar Krai|
|Economic region||North Caucasus|
|Established||September 13, 1937|
|Government (as of August 2010)|
|- Head of Administration (Governor)||Alexander Tkachyov|
|- Legislature||Legislative Assembly|
|Area (as of the 2002 Census)|
|- Total||76,000 km2 (29,343.8 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|- Density||68.77 /km2 (178.1 /sq mi)|
|Time zone(s)||MSK (UTC+04:00)|
Krasnodar Krai (Russian: Краснода́рский край, tr. Krasnodarsky kray; IPA: [krəsnɐˈdarskʲɪj kraj]) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Krasnodar. Population: 5,226,647 (2010 Census).
Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the Forecaucasus and a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukraine—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch and the Sea of Azov—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Karachay–Cherkess Republic, and Georgia's breakaway republic of Abkhazia. The krai's territory entirely encircles the Republic of Adygea. Krasnodar Krai's southern border is formed by what is left of Russia's Black Sea coast, with the most important port (Novorossiysk) and resort (Sochi) in this part of the country.
Geographically, the area is split by the Kuban River into two distinct parts. The southern, seaward third (Circassia) is the western extremity of the Caucasus range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion; the climate is Mediterranean or, in the south-east, subtropical. The northern two-thirds lies on the Pontic Steppe and shares continental climate patterns. The largest lake is Abrau in the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyurso.
Narrow gauge railway Apsheronsk. The biggest mountain narrow-gauge railway Russia.
Administrative divisions 
Krasnodar Krai is administratively divided into thirty-eight districts (raions ) and twenty-six cities/towns. The districts are further subdivided into towns, urban-type settlements, and rural okrugs and stanitsa okrugs.
The population of Krasnodar Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups are the Adyghe who have lived in the Kuban area before the Cossacks and for thousands of years; other residents include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni and Cherkesogai) who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century.
|Population||Ethnicity||Percentage of total population|
- 101,657 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.
Vital Statistics for 2007: Source
- Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000
- Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000
- Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000
- NGR: -0.32% per Year
- PGR: +0.39% per Year
Vital Statistics for 2008:
- Population (Jan 2009): 5,100,000
- Births (2008): 62,200
- Deaths (2008): 72,900
- Vital statistics for 2012
- Births: 69 031 (13.1 per 1000)
- Deaths: 69 427 (13.1 per 1000) 
- Total fertility rate: 1.72(e)
According to a 2012 official survey 52.2% of the population of Krasnodar Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, and 1% are Muslims. In addition, 22% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 7.8% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.
2012 floods 
On 7 July 2012, at least 171 people died in Krasnodar Krai, after torrential rains overnight caused the worst flooding and landslides in over 70 years. The average rainfall for 4–5 months, over 280 millimetres (11 in), was reported to have fallen within 48 hours. A local police spokesman stated that most of the dead were in Krymsky District, where at least 159 died when a wave of water 5 metres (16 ft) high swept through the town of Krymsk in the middle of the night. Ten more deaths occurred in Gelendzhik, including five electrocuted when a transformer fell into the floodwater, and two in Novorossiysk. Authorities stated that 17 people had been officially reported missing, and there were fears the death toll would rise further, while medics had hospitalised 210 people, including 16 children.
The regional government claimed that over 24,000 people were affected by the floods, with more than 3,000 evacuated, and that more than 10,000 rescuers and 140 helicopters were searching for victims and evacuating survivors. In Krymsk, 14 temporary shelters were set up to house around 2,000 evacuees. The transport system in the region was said to have collapsed, while oil shipments from Novorossiysk were halted when the port, located in the lower part of the city, was threatened by landslides. Russia's President, Vladimir Putin, flew to the area to hold emergency talks with officials in Krymsk, while authorities in Perm dispatched a rescue team to evacuate dozens of children from the region, who had been staying at summer camps on the Black Sea coast.
Residents of Krymsk claimed the wave of water that hit the town resulted from the sluice gates of a nearby reservoir being opened, although this was denied by the prosecutor general's investigative committee. Local prosecutors had earlier confirmed that the gates were opened, but stated that it was too early to determine whether this was the cause of the flooding.
See also 
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (May 2013)|
- Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
- Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
- Azarenkova et al., p. 114
- Charter, Article 41.1
- Official website of Krasnodar Krai. Biography of Alexander Nikolayevich Tkachyov (Russian)
- Charter, Chapter 3
- Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
- Official the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Перепись-2010: русских становится больше. Perepis-2010.ru (2011-12-19). Retrieved on 2012-07-07.
- Население Краснодарского края в 2008 году увеличилось на 0,4% - Новости России - ИА REGNUM. Regnum.ru (2009-02-19). Retrieved on 2012-07-07.
- Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
- 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
- "Russia Flash Floods: 144 Killed in Krasnodar Region". BBC News (London). 7 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Elder, Miriam (9 July 2012). "Russian Floods Kill 150 and Leave Thousands Homeless". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Over 170 Killed as Tsunami-like Flood Hits Southern Russia". Russia Today (Moscow). 7 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Over 100 Die in Russia as Floods and Landslides Hit Krasnodar Region". The Guardian (London). 7 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Vladimir Putin Flies to Flood-hit Southern Russia as Death Toll Rises". The Guardian (London). 8 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Азаренкова, А. С.; И. Ю. Бондарь, Н. С. Вертышева (1986) . Основные административно-территориальные преобразования на Кубани (1793–1985 гг.) (in Russian). Краснодарское книжное издательство.
- 10 ноября 1993 г. «Устав Краснодарского края», в ред. Закона №1523-КЗ от 21 июля 2008 г. (November 10, 1993 Charter of Krasnodar Krai, as amended by the Law #1523-KZ of July 21, 2008. ).
Further reading 
- Rjabchikov, S.V., 2013. The Nazis in the Krasnodar Region: The Nazis Went on the Attack in Krasnodar, and the FSB (the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation) Checks Non-Profit Organizations.
The paper was read on the scientific session of the Sergei Rjabchikov Foundation – Research Centre for Studies of Ancient Civilisations and Cultures, April 18, 2013, Krasnodar, Russia.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Krasnodar Krai|
- Official website of Krasnodar Krai (Russian)
- News and events of Krasnodar Krai
- Krasnodar Photographs