Krasnokamensk, Zabaykalsky Krai

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Krasnokamensk (English)
Краснокаменск (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Zabaykalsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Zabaykalsky Krai in Russia
Krasnokamensk is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Krasnokamensk
Krasnokamensk
Location of Krasnokamensk in Zabaykalsky Krai
Coordinates: 50°06′N 118°02′E / 50.100°N 118.033°E / 50.100; 118.033Coordinates: 50°06′N 118°02′E / 50.100°N 118.033°E / 50.100; 118.033
Coat of Arms of Krasnokamensk (Chita oblast).png
Flag of Krasnokamensk (Chita oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Zabaykalsky Krai
Administrative district Krasnokamensky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Krasnokamensky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 55,666 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 297th
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[2]
Founded 1963[citation needed]
Town status since 1969[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 674670–674684
Dialing code(s) +7 30245[citation needed]

Krasnokamensk (Russian: Краснокаменск, IPA: [krəsnɐˈkamʲɪnsk]) is a town and the administrative center of Krasnokamensky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located 535 kilometers (332 mi) southeast of Chita, near the Sino-Russian border. It is best known as the site for Russia's largest uranium mine. Population: 55,666 (2010 Census);[1] 55,920 (2002 Census);[4] 66,872 (1989 Census).[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name translates roughly as town on red stone, with the reference to the color red reflecting both the actual rock formations in the area, as well as its political symbolism in the Soviet era.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1968, in conjunction with the commencement of mining of the Streltsovskoye uranium deposits, which had been discovered near the present site of the city in 1963.[citation needed] The settlement grew quickly, and was granted town status in 1969.[citation needed]

From October 2005 until December 2006, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, formerly the 16th-richest man in the world, was jailed in Krasnokamensk on his conviction for tax evasion and fraud.[6]

Economy[edit]

The town is best known for its uranium mine, the largest in Russia. The mine produces around 90% of Russia's total output, and almost 10% of world production. In addition to uranium, molybdenum, manganese, and brown coal are also mined close to the town, with associated chemical plants producing sulphuric acid and lubricants.

Transportation[edit]

A branch railway has connected the town to Russia's rail network since 1972. Krasnokamensk is served by the Krasnokamensk Airport.

Pollution[edit]

According to the Blacksmith Institute, Krasnokamensk has generated fifty to seventy-five million tons of tailings, making it the largest waste stream at a uranium production site in the world. A Baley community survey documents hundreds of homes with radiation levels as much as 10-20 times the permissible levels. About 500-1000 homes or more suffer from radiation exposures far above international standards.[7]

In recent years, the dangerously high levels of radioactivity have seen a number of the town's districts near the tailing dumps, such as the settlement Oktyabrsky, evacuated and resettled closer to the town center.

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  4. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Where is Khodorkovsky? - Report from the Westdeutschen Rundfunk (German)
  7. ^ http://www.blacksmithinstitute.org Blacksmith Institute Website