Krasnoufimsk

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"Krasnoufimsk Urban Okrug" redirects here. For the adjacent urban okrug also named after Krasnoufimsk, see Krasnoufimsky Urban Okrug.
Krasnoufimsk (English)
Красноуфимск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Krasnoufimsk ul.Sovetskaya.jpg
Sovetskaya Street in Krasnoufimsk
Map of Russia - Sverdlovsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Sverdlovsk Oblast in Russia
Krasnoufimsk is located in Sverdlovsk Oblast
Krasnoufimsk
Krasnoufimsk
Location of Krasnoufimsk in Sverdlovsk Oblast
Coordinates: 56°37′00″N 57°46′20″E / 56.61667°N 57.77222°E / 56.61667; 57.77222Coordinates: 56°37′00″N 57°46′20″E / 56.61667°N 57.77222°E / 56.61667; 57.77222
Coat of Arms of Krasnoufimsk (Sverdlovsk oblast).png
Flag of Krasnoufimsk (Sverdlovsk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sverdlovsk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Krasnoufimsk[2]
Administrative center of Krasnoufimsky District,[1] Town of Krasnoufimsk[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Urban okrug Krasnoufimsk Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Krasnoufimsk Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 39,765 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[5]
Founded 1736[citation needed]
Town status since 1781[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 623300
Dialing code(s) +7 34394[citation needed]
Krasnoufimsk on WikiCommons

Krasnoufimsk (Russian: Красноуфи́мск) is a town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Ufa River (a tributary of the Kama), 224 kilometers (139 mi) from Yekaterinburg. Population: 39,765 (2010 Census);[4] 43,595 (2002 Census);[7] 45,618 (1989 Census).[8].

History[edit]

It was founded in 1736 as Krasnoufimskaya fortress that would defend the Ural manufactures from the raids of nearby tribes; it was granted the status of chief town of uyezd in 1781.[citation needed] In the beginning of 18th century, the majority of the residents were Cossacks, bourgeois, and merchants of the third guild.

One of the main issues of the 19th century was the remoteness of Krasnoufimsk from the major cities of Perm and Yekaterinburg, and thus railroad. The town did not have any other transport links apart from unpaved roads and the river Ufa. Amongst its main economic activities at that time agriculture was considered one of the most valuable. The town's authorities strived to boost the development of industrial, agricultural, educational and medical sectors during the last quarter of 19th century by inviting some of the renowned specialists. On June 1, 1875, the first six-form real school was founded. Students could specialize either in mining or agricultural sciences.

In 1915, a railway station was finally built in Krasnoufimsk, and in 1916, railroad service was launched.

In 1930, Krasnoufimsk became the center of a large agricultural district. Significant investments in its infrastructure provided the town with a machine and tractor station, agriproducts processing plants, selective station, and other agriculture related enterprises.

During World War II, some of factories and plants were evacuated from the western regions of the Soviet Union, which amongst others included: All-Union Institute of Plant Cultivation; Kharkov Institute of Mechanics and Machine-Building; Rostov and Ryazan factories.

During the later half of the 20th century town's authorities carried on the development of comfortable housing, and agribusiness infrastructure.

The coat of arms contain silver falcon with blue eyes sitting on a gold wavy belt on a green background was approved by the decision of the Krasnoufimsk City Council No. 5/5 dd. March 29, 2002.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of the administrative divisions, Krasnoufimsk serves as the administrative center of Krasnoufimsky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated separately as the Town of Krasnoufimsk[2]—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[9] As a municipal division, the Town of Krasnoufimsk is incorporated as Krasnoufimsk Urban Okrug.[3]

Economy[edit]

Economy of Krasnoufimsk is characterized by a well-balanced multi-sectoral structure. 80% of entities are private. Citizens are mainly employed in transport, communication, trade, catering and industry. Majority of output is split nearly equally between building materials production sector, woodworking industry, energy, machine-building and metal-working. Agriculture remains of great importance to the economy of the town. SMEs contribute significantly to the development of Krasnoufimsk employing 14% of economically active citizens and being the source of 7% of local budget revenues.

Transportation[edit]

Airport: regional airport of Krasnoufimsk; international airport of Koltsovo, Yekaterinburg (SVX).

Major companies[edit]

  • OGUP Krasnoufimsk Experimental Factory specializes in production of stands, devices and instruments for testing, repair and adjustment of diesel engines
  • ZAO Krasnoufimsk Milk Plant - dairy products
  • OOO Zerno - bakery products
  • OOO SMF Sibprodmontazh - bakery products
  • OOO Engineering Enterprise "Technologies of Netherlands" - woodworking
  • OOO Krasnoufimsk Building Materials Factory - building materials
  • OOO Utyes - logging and woodworking
  • OOO Krasnoufimsk Furniture-producing Plant - furniture

Climate[edit]

Krasnoufimsk has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Winters are very cold with average temperatures from −20.3 °C (−4.5 °F) to −11.2 °C (11.8 °F) in January, while summers are warm with average temperatures from +12.1 °C (53.8 °F) to +24.2 °C (75.6 °F). Precipitation is moderate, and is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Krasnoufimsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
7.5
(45.5)
13.5
(56.3)
28.7
(83.7)
35.3
(95.5)
36.6
(97.9)
37.3
(99.1)
36.3
(97.3)
30.5
(86.9)
24.5
(76.1)
13.1
(55.6)
4.8
(40.6)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−9.0
(15.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
8.9
(48)
17.6
(63.7)
22.7
(72.9)
24.2
(75.6)
21.4
(70.5)
15.0
(59)
5.7
(42.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
6.82
(44.28)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−14.5
(5.9)
−7.2
(19)
3.1
(37.6)
10.9
(51.6)
16.3
(61.3)
18.1
(64.6)
15.3
(59.5)
9.5
(49.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−12.8
(9)
1.57
(34.82)
Average low °C (°F) −20.3
(−4.5)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−12.7
(9.1)
−2.2
(28)
4.5
(40.1)
9.9
(49.8)
12.1
(53.8)
9.8
(49.6)
5.1
(41.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−10.2
(13.6)
−17.2
(1)
−3.51
(25.68)
Record low °C (°F) −53.6
(−64.5)
−48.7
(−55.7)
−41.8
(−43.2)
−28.9
(−20)
−15.0
(5)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.8
(27)
−7.8
(18)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−49.7
(−57.5)
−53.6
(−64.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32.6
(1.283)
24.2
(0.953)
22.9
(0.902)
29.2
(1.15)
45.7
(1.799)
66.2
(2.606)
76.3
(3.004)
64.5
(2.539)
59.3
(2.335)
52.0
(2.047)
43.2
(1.701)
35.9
(1.413)
552
(21.732)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 20.4 15.3 16.9 9.4 11.8 11.3 6.8 10.2 11.9 15.9 19.6 20.6 170.1
 % humidity 80.7 77.2 75.1 67.6 63.6 70.7 72.2 77.2 79.5 81.3 85.0 82.7 76.07
Mean monthly sunshine hours 49.6 95.2 142.6 213.0 251.1 268.5 282.1 218.6 138.0 69.8 46.5 37.2 1,812.2
Source: climatebase.ru[10]

Demographics[edit]

Economically active citizens (42%) and young citizens (31.4%) dominate in the age structure of the town, with 68% citizens are involved in primary and secondary sectors, and 32% employed in tertiary sectors. Rates of unemployment show clear downward-sloping trend primarily due to active local employment policies and dynamic development of the economy.

Education[edit]

  • Branch of Ural State Agricultural Academy
  • Branch of Ural State Pedagogical University
  • Center for Humanitarian Services
  • Krasnoufimsk Agricultural College
  • Krasnoufimsk Professional Agricultural Lyceum
  • Krasnoufimsk Pedagogical College
  • Krasnoufimsk Trade School #115
  • Krasnoufimsk Trade School #97
  • Krasnoufimsk Medical College

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 65 224», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 65 224, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 65 468», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 65 468, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b Law #85-OZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Law #30-OZ
  10. ^ "Krasnoufimsk, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 

External links[edit]