Krasnovishersky District

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Krasnovishersky District
Красновишерский район (Russian)
Location of Krasnovishersk Region (Perm Kray).svg
Location of Krasnovishersky District in Perm Krai
Coat of Arms of Krasnovishersky rayon (Perm krai).gif
Flag of Krasnovishersky rayon (Perm krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administrative structure (as of November 2011)
Administrative center town of Krasnovishersk[1]
Inhabited localities:[1]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 45
Municipal structure (as of December 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Krasnovishersky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 4
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 15,375 km2 (5,936 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 22,554 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 71.4%
- Rural 28.6%
Density 1.47 /km2 (3.8 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[6]
Established January 13, 1941[3]

Krasnovishersky District (Russian: Краснови́шерский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion) of Perm Krai, Russia; one of the thirty-three in the krai.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Krasnovishersky Municipal District.[2] It is located in the northeast of the krai, in the valley of the Vishera River, and borders with the Komi Republic in the north, Sverdlovsk Oblast in the east, Cherdynsky District in the west, Solikamsky District in the south, and with the territory of the town of krai significance of Alexandrovsk in the southeast. The area of the district is 15,375 square kilometers (5,936 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Krasnovishersk.[1] Population: 22,554 (2010 Census);[4] 27,871 (2002 Census);[7] 30,827 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Krasnovishersk accounts for 71.4% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The eastern part of the district is mostly mountainous, while the western part is mostly flat, with some hills with the height of about 190–220 meters (620–720 ft). The highest point of Perm Krai, Mount Tulymsky Kamen, is located in the district.[9] There are many rivers in the district, including the Vishera River with its tributaries the Yazva, the Vels, the Uls, and many others. The town of Krasnovishersk is located 320 kilometers (200 mi) from the city of Perm.[9] Natural resources of the district include diamonds, gold, oil, natural gas, and others.

The climate is temperate continental. The average annual temperature is +0.1 °C (32.2 °F); annual precipitation is 550–700 millimeters (22–28 in).[9] Up to 87% of the district's territory is covered by forests.[3] In the extreme northeast of the district the Vishera Nature Reserve is located.

History[edit]

The district was established on January 13, 1941.[3] Until then, its territory was a part of Cherdynsky District. Krasnovishersk, the administrative center of the district, was granted town status on July 2, 1942.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2002 Census, about 89.7% of district's population were Russians and 2.5% were the Komi people.[3]

Economy[edit]

The industry of the district includes timber industry, pulp and paper mill, mining and food industry.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Law #1755-362
  3. ^ a b c d e f Encyclopedia of Perm Krai. Entry on Krasnovishersky District (Russian)
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c Union of Small Cities and Towns of the Russian Federation. Information about Krasnovishersky District (Russian)

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1755-362 от 10 ноября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Красновишерского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №273-ПК от 14 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа, Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Бюллетень Законодательного Собрания и администрации Пермской области", №12, I часть, 9 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1755-362 of November 10, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Krasnovishersky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #273-PK of December 14, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).