Krasnoznamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast

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For the town in Moscow Oblast, see Krasnoznamensk, Moscow Oblast.
Krasnoznamensk (English)
Краснознаменск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Lasdehnen Kreisverwaltung.jpg
Krasnoznamensky District Administration building in Krasnoznamensk
Map of Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia
Krasnoznamensk is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Krasnoznamensk
Krasnoznamensk
Location of Krasnoznamensk in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°56′32″N 22°29′23″E / 54.94222°N 22.48972°E / 54.94222; 22.48972Coordinates: 54°56′32″N 22°29′23″E / 54.94222°N 22.48972°E / 54.94222; 22.48972
Coat of Arms of Krasnoznamensk (Kaliningrad oblast).png
Flag of Krasnoznamensk (Kaliningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Krasnoznamensky District[1]
Town of district significance Krasnoznamensk[1]
Administrative center of Krasnoznamensky District,[1] town of district significance of Krasnoznamensk[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2009)
Municipal district Krasnoznamensky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Krasnoznamenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Krasnoznamensky Municipal District,[2] Krasnoznamenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 3,522 inhabitants[3]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1734[5]
Previous names Haselpusch (until early 18th century),[citation needed]
Lasdehnen (until 1938),[citation needed]
Hasselberg (until 1946)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 238730
Krasnoznamensk on WikiCommons

Krasnoznamensk (Russian: Краснозна́менск), prior to 1938 known by its German name Lasdehnen and in 1938-1946 as Haselberg (Lithuanian: Lazdynai) is a town and the administrative center of Krasnoznamensky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Sheshupe River, 163 kilometers (101 mi) northeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast, and approximately 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) to the south of the border with Lithuania. Population: 3,522 (2010 Census).[3]

After 1701 and until the unification of Germany, the town was politically in Prussia and remained a part of Germany from 1871 until 1945. Lithuanian influence is also a long standing feature of the town.

History[edit]

The earliest surviving German-language record of the place dates from 1521 under the name Haselpusch (lit. hazel bush), while Russian sources give the date of the earliest record as 1576.[citation needed] Other sources state that it was established in 1734.[5] In the early 18th century, the name changed to Lasdehnen, based on the Old Prussian/Lithuanian word for hazel bushes.[citation needed]

The village had a church by 1578 but it burned down in 1661 and the replacement building had to be taken down in 1869 due to severe structural defects. The current Gothic Revival church was built between 1874 and 1877.

With nationalism still in the ascendancy across most of Europe, the German Nazi government Germanized the Old Prussian name of Lasdehnen to Hasselberg (lit. hazel mountain) in 1938.[citation needed]

By 1945, the regional capital of Schloßberg (usually remembered in Germany by its pre-1938 name "Pillkallen") had been destroyed during the course of World War II and Haselberg took over Pillikallen's former administrative functions. The ethnic German population had largely fled before the advance of the Red Army in 1945, and after the end of World War II, the territory was annexed by the Soviet Union. The Soviets renamed the town Krasnoznamensk (lit. Red Banner Town) in 1946.[5]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Krasnoznamensk serves as the administrative center of Krasnoznamensky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Krasnoznamensky District as the town of district significance of Krasnoznamensk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Krasnoznamensk is incorporated within Krasnoznamensky Municipal District as Krasnoznamenskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Population trends[edit]

Ethnic composition[edit]

Lithuanians make up a significant portion of the population. Lithuanian cultural organizations exist in the town, which is in the ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor.[14]

Where religion is recorded from the census process, pre-1945 census data show the religious affiliation of the population as Prussian evangelical.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #640
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #256
  3. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 219. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ http://www.geschichte-on-demand.de/pillkallen.html 1885 census data: note that the town then was identified as "Haselberg (früher Lasdehnen)" (Haselberg (formerly Lasdehnen))
  8. ^ http://www.gemeindeverzeichnis.de/gem1900//gem1900.htm?ostpreussen/pillkallen.htm 1910 census data: note that the town then was called Lasdehnen
  9. ^ http://www.geschichte-on-demand.de/pillkallen.html 1885 census data: note that the town then was identified as "Haselberg (früher Lasdehnen)" (Haselberg (formerly Lasdehnen))
  10. ^ http://www.geschichte-on-demand.de/pillkallen.html 1885 census data: note that the town then was identified as "Haselberg (früher Lasdehnen)" (Haselberg (formerly Lasdehnen))
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  14. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast #640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №256 от 30 июня 2008 г. «Об организации местного самоуправления на территории муниципального образования "Краснознаменский городской округ"», в ред. Закона №370 от 1 июля 2009 г «О составе территорий муниципальных образований Калининградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда", №124, 11 июля 2008 г. (Kaliningrad Oblast Duma. Law #256 of June 30, 2008 On the Organization of the Local Self-Government on the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Krasnoznamensky Urban Okrug", as amended by the Law #370 of July 1, 2009 On the Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formations of Kaliningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).