Krasny, Krasninsky District, Smolensk Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Krasny (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 54°33′36″N 31°25′48″E / 54.56000°N 31.43000°E / 54.56000; 31.43000

1780 coat of arms of Krasny

Krasny (Russian: Кра́сный) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Krasninsky District of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Svinaya and Mereya Rivers 67 kilometers (42 mi)[1] southwest of Smolensk. Population: 4,349 (2010 Census);[2] 4,714 (2002 Census);[3] 5,087 (1989 Census).[4]

It was first mentioned in 1165. It was granted town status in 1776, but did not retain it during Soviet times.

During the French invasion of Russia in 1812, Krasny was the place of two noted battles, one when Napoleon's army entered Russia and another one on its return.

The Battle of Krasnoi in August 1812 was a lesser action of Murat's advance guard against the small retreating Russian rearguard of Dmitry Neverovsky. The French ran into unexpectedly strong resistance from the Russians. In his Napoleonic history, De Ségur wrote that Neverovsky retreated "like a lion".

At the Battle of Krasnoi in November 1812, the Russian army inflicted heavy losses on the remnants of the French Grande Armée. There are two monuments in Krasny commemorating that event, both erected in 1912. The settlement also houses a museum of local lore, whose three exhibits include materials on the Patriotic War of 1812, Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945, and on modern life at the settlement. It was occupied by Germany between 1941-1943 during World War II.

On September 27, 2009, the "Walk of Heroes" history museum opened in Krasny.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia, entry on Krasny
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

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