Krassó-Szörény County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Krassó-Szörény County
Comitatul Caraș-Severin
Comitatus Krassovinis et Severinensis
Krassó-Szörény vármegye
Komitat Karasch-Severin
Županija Karaš-Severin
Жупанија Караш-Северин
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1881–1920

Coat of arms of Krassó-Szörény

Coat of arms

Location of Krassó-Szörény
Capital Lugos
45°41′N 21°54′E / 45.683°N 21.900°E / 45.683; 21.900Coordinates: 45°41′N 21°54′E / 45.683°N 21.900°E / 45.683; 21.900
History
 -  Established 1881
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 11,074 km2 (4,276 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 466,147 
Density 42.1 /km2  (109 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania, Serbia
Lugoj is the current name of the capital.

Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény, Romanian: Caraş-Severin, Serbian: Karaš-Severin or Караш-Северин) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary.[1] Its territory is now mostly located in south-western Romania, with one small part which is located in Serbia. The capital of the county was Lugoj (Hungarian: Lugos).

Geography[edit]

Krassó-Szörény county was located in the Banat region. It shared borders with the Kingdom of Serbia and the Hungarian counties Temes, Arad and Hunyad. The river Danube formed its southern border, and the river Mureş (Maros) its northern border. The river Timiş flowed through the county. Its area was 11,032 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Krassó-Szörény county was formed in 1881 by uniting the counties Krassó and Szörény.

In 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon most of the county was assigned to Romania, with one small part which was assigned to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. The north of the county (including Lugoj) is now part of the Romanian county Timiş, except a 10 km wide strip along the river Mureş, which is in the county Arad. The rest now forms the county Caraş-Severin, except the city Orşova, which is in Mehedinţi county.

Demographics[edit]

Krassó-Szörény County, c. 1910

In 1900, the county had a population of 443,001 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[2]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[3]

Total:

In 1910, the county had a population of 466,147 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[4]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[5]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Krassó-Szörény county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Béga Bálinc (Romanian: Balinț)
Boksanbánya Boksanbánya (Romanian: Bocşa Montană)
Bozovics Bozovics (Romanian: Bozovici)
Facsád Facsád (Romanian: Făget)
Jám Jám (Romanian: Iam)
Karánsebes Karánsebes (Romanian: Caransebeş)
Lugos Lugos (Romanian: Lugoj)
Maros Marosberkes (Romanian: Birchiș)
Oravicabánya Oravicabánya (Romanian: Oraviţa)
Resicabánya Resicabánya (Romanian: Reşiţa)
Temes Szákul (Romanian: Sacu)
Teregova Teregova (Romanian: Teregova)
Újmoldova Újmoldova (Romanian: Moldova Nouă)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Karánsebes (Romanian: Caransebeş)
Lugos (Romanian: Lugoj)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zoltán Gál, The banking functions of the Hungarian urban network in the early 20th century, Centre for Regional Studies, 2006, table 6 [1]
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-21.