Kremasta Dam

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Kremasta Dam
Kremaston3.JPG
Kremasta Lake
Kremasta Dam is located in Greece
Kremasta Dam
Location of Kremasta Dam
Country Greece
Location Aetolia-Acarnania
Coordinates 38°53′13.20″N 21°29′43.17″E / 38.8870000°N 21.4953250°E / 38.8870000; 21.4953250Coordinates: 38°53′13.20″N 21°29′43.17″E / 38.8870000°N 21.4953250°E / 38.8870000; 21.4953250
Purpose Power, flood control
Status Operational
Construction began 1961
Opening date 1965
Owner(s) Public Power Corporation of Greece
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, earth-fill
Impounds Achelous River
Height 165 m (541 ft)[1]
Length 456 m (1,496 ft)
Elevation at crest 287 m (942 ft)
Dam volume 8,170,000 m3 (10,685,957 cu yd)
Spillway type Chute
Reservoir
Creates Lake Kremasta
Total capacity 4,750,000,000 m3 (3,850,888 acre·ft)[3]
Catchment area 3,750 km2 (1,448 sq mi)[2]
Surface area 81 km2 (31 sq mi)
Power station
Commission date 1966-1967
Turbines 4 x 109.3 MW Francis-type[4]
Installed capacity 437.2 MW
Annual generation 848 GWh

The Kremasta Dam is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Achelous River in Aetolia-Acarnania, Greece. It is located just downstream of where the Agrafiotis, Tavropos and Trikeriotis rivers meet to form the Achelous. The dam was constructed between 1961 and 1965 and its four 109.3 MW Francis turbine-generators were commissioned between 1966 and 1967. Shortly after the dam's reservoir, Lake Kremasta, was filled a 6.3-Mw earthquake occurred. This has been attributed to reservoir-induced seismicity. Lake Kremasta is the largest artificial lake in Greece.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Large Dams in Greece". Greek Commission on Large Dams. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Large Dams in Greece". National Technical University of Athens. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  3. ^ PYTHAROULI, Stella (12 May 2008). "DAM CREST SETTLEMENT, RESERVOIR LEVEL FLUCTUATIONS AND RAINFALL: EVIDENCE FOR A CAUSATIVE RELATIONSHIP FOR THE KREMASTA DAM GREECE". Lisbon. 
  4. ^ a b "Hydroelectric Plants in Greece - other regions". IndustCards. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "The relationship between large reservoirs and seismicity 08 February 2010". International Water Power & Dam Construction. 20 February 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011.