Kresta II-class cruiser

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Cruiser Admiral Yumashev.jpg
Kresta II class cruiser Admiral Yumashev.
Class overview
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
Preceded by: Kresta I
Succeeded by: Kara
In commission: 1968 - 1993
Completed: 10
Retired: 10
General characteristics
Displacement: 5,600 tons standard, 7,535 tons full load
Length: 159.0 m
Beam: 17.0 m
Draught: 6.0 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft steam turbines , 4 boilers
91,000-100,000 shp
Speed: 34 knots
Range: 10,500 nmi at 14 kn, 5200 nm at 18 kn, 1830 tons fuel oil
Complement: 380
Sensors and
processing systems:
Radar; Don Kay, Don-2, Top Sail, Head Net 2x Head Lights 2x Muff Comb, 2 x Bass Tilt, Sonar; Bull Nose
Armament: 2 quad SS-N-14 Silex anti-submarine missiles
2 twin SA-N-3 Goblet surface to air missile launchers (72 missiles)
2 twin 57-mm/70-cal AK-725 anti-aircraft guns
4 30mm AK-630 CIWS
2 quintuple 533mm torpedo tubes
Aircraft carried: 1 Kamov Ka-25 'Hormone-A'
Aviation facilities: Helicopter deck and hangar

The Kresta II Class, Soviet Designation Project 1134A, Berkut A (Golden Eagle) were Soviet guided missile cruisers of the Cold War. The ships entered service in the late 1960s and were rapidly decommissioned after the end of the Cold War

These ships were an Anti-Submarine derivative of the Kresta I class cruiser. These ships had a new anti-submarine missile (SS-N-14), new Surface to Air Missiles (SA-N-3) and advanced sonar. All ships were built by Zhdanov yard, Leningrad.

Design[edit]

Conway's states that the first three ships were to have been armed with the SS-N-9 anti ship missile but Soviet naval doctrine changed with greater emphasis on anti-submarine warfare. The surface to air missiles comprised more advanced SA-N-3 missiles with two twin launchers. New 3D search radar and new fire control radars were also fitted. 4 30mm CIWS guns were also fitted for improved anti-missile defence. A more advanced sonar led to the bow being more sharply raked. The machinery suite comprised two TV-12 steam turbines with high pressure boilers, identical to the Kresta I class.

Electronics Fit:

  • Radar:
MR600 air search
MR-310 Angara
Don navigation
Volga navigation
  • Sonar:
MG-322 hull mounted
MG-26 communications
MG-35 Shtil
  • Other systems:
Grom SA-N-1 fire control
MR103 AK725 fire control
Drakon RP33 fire control

Ships[edit]

Ship Namesake Laid Down Launched Completed Decommissioned
Krondstadt Кронштадт city of Krondstadt 1966 1968 1969 1991
Admiral Isakov Адмирал Исаков Ivan Isakov 1968 1969 1970 1993
Admiral Nakhimov Адмирал Нахимов Pavel Nakhimov 1968 1969 1970 1991
Admiral Makarov Адмирал Макаров Stepan Makarov 1969 1970 1972 1992
Marshall Voroshilov Маршал Ворошилов
(renamed Khabarovsk)
Kliment Voroshilov 1970 1971 1973 1991
Admiral Oktyabrsky Адмирал Октябьский Filipp Oktyabrskiy 1970 1971 1973 1993
Admiral Isachenkov Адмирал Исаченков 1970 1972 1974 1992
Marshal Timoshenko Маршал Тимошенко Semyon Timoshenko 1972 1973 1975 1992
Vasily Chapaev Василий Чапаев Vasily Chapayev 1973 1974 1976 1993
Admiral Yumashev Адмирал Юмашев Ivan Stepanovich Yumashev 1974 1976 1977 1993

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Gardiner, Robert (ed.). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.  Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław. Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.