Krestetsky District

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Krestetsky District
Крестецкий район (Russian)
Location of Krestetsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Krestetsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°15′N 32°31′E / 58.250°N 32.517°E / 58.250; 32.517Coordinates: 58°15′N 32°31′E / 58.250°N 32.517°E / 58.250; 32.517
Krestci city coa 1781.gif
Flag of Krestetsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png
Coat of arms of Kresttsy and Krestetsky District
Flag of Krestetsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center work settlement of Kresttsy[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Settlements 4
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 136
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Krestetsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 4
Statistics
Area 2,790.63 km2 (1,077.47 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 12,940 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 67.4%
- Rural 32.6%
Density 4.64 /km2 (12.0 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927[8]
Official website
Krestetsky District on WikiCommons

Krestetsky District (Russian: Кресте́цкий райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Malovishersky District in the north, Okulovsky District in the northeast, Valdaysky District in the southeast, Demyansky District in the south, Parfinsky District in the southwest, and with Novgorodsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,790.63 square kilometers (1,077.47 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Kresttsy.[1] Population: 12,940 (2010 Census);[5] 15,667 (2002 Census);[9] 16,957 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Kresttsy accounts for 67.4% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The district is located between the Valdai Hills and the Ilmen Depression. The eastern part of the district lies in the Valdai Hills and is higher than the western part. There are lakes located there, and many of the rivers in the district have their source in the eastern part. 81% of the district is covered by forests.[4]

The main river in the district is the Kholova, a left tributary of the Msta. The Kholova crosses the district from south to north. The Msta makes a short detour to the district in its northern part. The rivers in the eastern and central parts of the district drain into the Kholova and its tributaries. The western end of the district is adjacent to Lake Ilmen. The rivers in the western part of the district, including the Nisha and the Mayata, drain into Lake Ilmen. The Yamnitsa River in the south of the district flows south and is a tributary of the Polomet River, in the basin of the Pola. A stretch of the Polomet crosses the southern tip of the district as well.

History[edit]

Kresttsy (Krestetsky Pogost) was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1393. At the time, the area was a part of Derevskaya Pyatina of the Novgorod Republic.[11] In the end of the 15th century, together with Novgorod, it became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, Kresttsy was chartered and became the seat of Krestetsky Uyezd of Novgorod Viceroyalty.[12] In 1796, the viceroyalty was transformed into Novgorod Governorate. In 1796, the uyezd was abolished, but was re-established in 1802.[11] The area was located along the road connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg, and Kresttsy developed as a major trade center. However, in 1851, the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway was opened, which bypassed Kresttsy. This undermined the importance of the area, which eventually went into decline. In 1918, a considerable part of Krestetsky Uyezd was split off to form Malovishersky Uyezd, and in 1922, it was abolished and split between Malovishersky, Valdaysky, and Novgorodsky Uyezds.[13] In 1926, Kresttsy lost the town status and became a selo.

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Krestetsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Kresttsy,[14] was established within Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included parts of former Malovishersky and Valdaysky Uyezds.[14] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[15] On January 4, 1931, Kamzovsky Selsoviet was granted Estonian ethnic status, but was abolished on April 14, 1939.[14] On January 1, 1932, a part of Mstinsky District was merged into Krestetsky District.[16] On November 9, 1938, Kresttsy was granted work settlement status.[14] On March 11, 1941, the territories from Mstinsky District which had previously been merged into Krestetsky District were returned to re-established Mstinsky District.[16] Krestetsky District was not occupied during World War II, though it was located close to the front line. On July 5, 1944, Krestetsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast,[14] where it remained ever since. On February 1, 1963, in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform, the district was transformed into Krestetsky Industrial District with all of its selsoviets transferred to Valdaysky District. On January 14, 1965, this was reverted, although the new borders were different.[17]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The industry in the district is mainly represented by timber industry enterprises. In Kresttsy, there is a factory producing traditional New Year decorations and a factory related to traditional handicrafts.[4]

Agriculture[edit]

There are two large-scale agricultural enterprises in the district, specializing in poultry and pork production. As of 2011, there are also eight collective farms and twenty-one mid-scale private farms.[4]

Transportation[edit]

The M10 highway which connects Moscow and St. Petersburg crosses the district from southeast to northwest. In particular, Kresttsy is located on the highway. There are road connections to Malaya Vishera (starting in Kresttsy) and to Staraya Russa via Pola. There are also local roads.

Kresstsy has a railway connection to Valday. There is no passenger traffic, but the railway is used for cargo traffic.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains 9 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 176 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[18] The monuments protected at the federal levels are archaeological sites and the Tatishchev Estate in the village of Ust-Volma. The estate is currently abandoned, but reconstruction plans are under consideration.[19]

The only museum in the district is the Krestetsky District Museum, located in Kresttsy, with a branch in the village of Ruchyi.[20]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #351-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d e "Информация о Крестецком муниципальном районе" (in Russian). Официальный сайт Администрации Крестецкого муниципального района. Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "История" (in Russian). Администрация Крестецкого муниципального района. 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  12. ^ Snytko et al., p. 20
  13. ^ Snytko et al., p. 37
  14. ^ a b c d e Snytko et al., pp. 106–109
  15. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  16. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 119
  17. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 181–182
  18. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved February 3, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Усадьба Усть-Волма - Старинная архитектура провинциальной России" (in Russian). Старинная архитектура провинциальной России. 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Культура" (in Russian). Официальный сайт Администрации Крестецкого муниципального района. Retrieved February 3, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №351-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Крестецкого муниципального района, наделении их статусом городского и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №120-ОЗ от 3 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы, содержащие перечни населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №82, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #351-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Krestetsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #120-OZ of October 3, 2012 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Containing the Registries of the Inhabited Localities on the Territories of the Settlements. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 4, 2012.