Kriel, Mpumalanga

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Kriel
Kriel is located in South Africa
Kriel
Kriel
 Kriel shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 26°15′18″S 29°15′48″E / 26.255°S 29.263333°E / -26.255; 29.263333Coordinates: 26°15′18″S 29°15′48″E / 26.255°S 29.263333°E / -26.255; 29.263333
Country South Africa
Province Mpumalanga
District Nkangala
Municipality Emalahleni
Area[1]
 • Total 8.55 km2 (3.30 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 15,237
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 53.3%
 • Coloured 2.1%
 • Indian/Asian 1.1%
 • White 43.4%
 • Other 0.2%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 39.8%
 • Zulu 22.9%
 • English 10.7%
 • S. Ndebele 5.8%
 • Other 20.7%
Postal code (street) 2271
PO box 2271
Area code 017

Kriel is a town in Nkangala District Municipality in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa. The Kriel Power Station is located just outside town.

History[edit]

With barter agreement between Carel Trichardt and King Sabusa of Swaziland, Carl Trichardt became owner of Eastern Highveld. In 1896, Paul Kruger donated the farm Onverwacht to two brothers, Willem and Pieter Grobler. During the same year two brothers Fasie and Fleetwood de Kock also played a big role in the history of this district. After the Peace Agreement in 1902, Fasie de Kock asked the Milner Government to open the first school in Kriel. Laerskool Onverwacht was opened on 31 July 1903 in a small Milner building with Mr R. McCloud as the Scottish headmaster.

The first Postmaster was Mr. Koot Gilfillan. The post was bought by horse from Standerton to be sorted and delivered at Kriel Supply store. In 1947 a Post Office were build and this building can be seen on the Kinross road. In 1973 after the discovery of the coalfields, Eskom was granted authorization to develop a residential area on the farm Roodebloem to provide housing and other facilities for the staff employed at the power station. In 1981 Mr. E.A Steyn was appointed as the first post master. The new post office opened and was named after the Magistrate of Bethal Mr. D. J Kriel.

The trackers did not want to settle in the Highveld region, due to the shortage of fire wood. Little did they know they were standing on South Africa's largest coalfields.

In 1973 Eskom was granted authorisation to develop a residential area on the farm Roodebloem to provide housing and other facilities for the staff employed at the power station. In 1975, a section of the farm Onverwacht was purhased by Eskom and the construction of Kriel Power Station Started in September 1975 for the same purpose. During February 1988, the Kriel area became part of the Transvaal Local Government Affairs Council. On 1 July 1990, Kriel was proclaimed as a Local Authority.

Kriel Power Station was completed in 1979 and at the time it was the largest coal fire power station in the southern hemisphere. Matla Power Station was completed in 1983 and is one of the largest coal fired power stations in the world. The economy around Kriel is largely based on producing electricity, although mining and agriculture also play an important role.

In July 2013, local residents demanded the removal of the town from the jurisdiction of Emalahleni Local Municipality, over what they consider an extremely poor record of service delivery.[2]

Demographics[edit]

The population of Kriel is approximately 22,000. Approximately 40,000 other inhabitants of Kriel Magistrate District are dependent on the coal mines and farms.

  • Unemployment estimate - ±5%
  • Housing current demand - ±1500, a low turnover, general trend of inflow ±3%
  • RDP housing - 1096
  • Water supply - Department of Water affairs and Forestry (Usutu pipeline Scheme)

Climate[edit]

Hot summers and very cold winters. Rainfall approximately 660mm per annum. Altitude 1598m above sea level.

Education[edit]

6 x Primary Schools 2 x High Schools 3 x Pre-Primary Schools 14 x Day care centres Adult basic education, training is done by Kwanala Primary School, Kriel Library, the mines and Kriel Masakhane Devevolpment Forum.

Healthcare[edit]

  • 7 x Doctors
  • 2 x Dentists
  • 3 x Optometrists
  • 1 x Pathologist
  • 1 x Physiotherapist
  • 1 x Radiologist
  • 1 x Veterinarian
  • 3 x Clinics
  • 2 x Laboratories

Sports Facilities: Golf, Bowling, Soccer, Squash, Tennis, Rugby, Volleyball, Cricket, Badminton, Karate, a Gymnasium.. etc.

Welfare services

  • 2 x Children's homes
  • 1 x CWO(CMR)
  • 1 x Hospice
  • 1 x Lions Club
  • 1 x SPCA

Economy[edit]

Kriel has a very good infrastructure at its disposal and without starting any excessive capitol projects, manages to supply in the whole community's needs. Private and industrial stands are available for prospective residents and developers. House and stand prices are from the cheapest in the whole Mpumalanga.

Kriel is situated in the middle of large towns such as Witbank, Secunda, Middelburg, Pretoria and Johannesburg with link roads in relatively good condition. Kriel is only 50 km away from Maputo Corridor main road

Tourism[edit]

Kriel is the first port of call on the Rainbow Route to KwaZulu -Natal coast. This route is characterised by the scenic beauty of nature, as well as being rich in historical variety. The route takes the tourist through the grasslands of the Highveld, areas rich in colliers, fields of cosmos, slopes of varied aloes and undulating hills of Natal. The coalfields of Mpumalanga offer and interesting tourist attraction, with a visit to kriel and Rietspruit Colliery and Matla Coal. The sheer size of the power stations is as impressive as the production capacity of the mines, with cooling towers higher the Johannesburg Carlton Hotel, and, if you add the chimney height, even taller than Auckland Park's SABC Tower.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Kriel". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ "Public Protector drawn into Kriel crisis". News24. Retrieved 5 January 2014.