Krishan Kant

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Krishan Kant
Krishan Kant.jpg
Vice President of India
In office
21 August 1997 – 27 July 2002
President Abdul Kalam
Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Preceded by Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Succeeded by Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
Governor of Tamil Nadu
In office
22 December 1996 – 25 January 1997
Chief Minister Muthuvel Karunanidhi
Preceded by Marri Chenna Reddy
Succeeded by Fatima Beevi
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
7 February 1990 – 21 August 1997
Chief Minister Marri Chenna Reddy
Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
Preceded by Kumudben Manishankar Joshi
Succeeded by G. Ramanujam
Personal details
Born (1927-02-28)28 February 1927
Died 27 July 2002(2002-07-27) (aged 75)
Political party Janata Dal (1988–2002)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (Before 1977)
Janata Party (1977–1988)
Spouse(s) Shrimati Suman
Parents Lala Achint Ram (father), Satyavati Devi (mother)
Alma mater Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi[1]
Profession Scientist
Religion Hinduism
Signature

Krishan Kant (28 February 1927 – 27 July 2002) was the tenth Vice President of India from 1997 until his death.

Son of noted Congress politician and later parliamentarian, Lala Achint Ram, Kant's first brush with politics came when he plunged into the Quit India movement, while he was still a student in Lahore. He took part in the Indian Independence Movement as a youth and continued to be involved in politics, eventually being elected to Parliament of India. He was part of the "Young Turk" brigade of Indian National Congress party during the time of Indira Gandhi. He held prominent offices in the Parliamentary and Organisational wings of Indian National Congress and later the Janata Party and the Janata Dal.[2] He was a member of the Executive Council, for several years, of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.

Krishan Kant was the founding general secretary of the People's Union for Civil Liberties and Democratic Rights, of which Jayprakash Narayan was the President in 1976. He was expelled from the Indian National Congress in 1975 for his opposition to the Emergency. He was later a member of Lok Sabha till 1980.[2] He was the chairman of Committee on Railway Reservations and Bookings from 1972 -1976.

He with Madhu Limaye was also responsible for the collapse of the Morarji Desai government installed by that coalition, by insisting that no member of the Janata Party could be the member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). This attack on dual membership was directed specifically at members of the Janata Party who had been members of the Jan Sangh, and continued to be members of the right-wing RSS, the Jan Sangh's ideological parent. The issue led to fall of Morarji Desai government in 1979, and the destruction of the Janata coalition[3]

A strong protagonist of India going nuclear, Krishan Kant was a member of the executive council of the Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis.[2]

Kant was appointed governor of Andhra Pradesh by the V.P. Singh government in 1989 and served in that position for seven years, becoming one of India's longest-serving governors. He stayed at that post till he was elevated as Vice-President of India.

He was elected vice-president by Parliament as the joint candidate of the Indian National Congress and United Front. He died in New Delhi, a few weeks before he was to leave the office to lead a retired life. He is the only Indian Vice President to die in office. A few days after his death, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat defeated Sushil Kumar Shinde to be elected as the successor to Krishna Kant as Vice President of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ${FireSpark.core.helper.readControl($value)}. "Training & Placement Cell, IIT (BHU) Varanasi". Iitbhu.ac.in. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  2. ^ a b c "Rajya Sabha". Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  3. ^ "In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State", By Lloyd I. Rudolph and Susanne H. Rudolph, University of Chicago Press, 1987. pp 457-459.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kumudben Manishankar Joshi
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
1990–1997
Succeeded by
G. Ramanujam
Preceded by
Marri Chenna Reddy
Governor of Tamil Nadu
1996–1997
Succeeded by
Fatima Beevi
Preceded by
Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Vice President of India
1997–2002
Succeeded by
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat