Remains of the ancient fort on the Syed Basha Hill
|• Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha)||Ashok Kumar K|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||K. P. Munusamy|
|• Municipal Chairman||K. R. C Thanga Muthu|
|Elevation||631 m (2,070 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TN 24|
Krishnagiri is a town, municipal center and the headquarters of Krishnagiri District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 90 km from Bangalore and 45 km from Hosur. Mango is cultivated as the main crop and the land here is extremely fertile with rich access to fresh water making it amenable to growing crops. Krishnagiri is a rapidly growing town and is the site of significant business and residential development. The Krishnagiri Dam is currently undergoing expansion and a variety of small-scale industry zones are being set up. As of 2011, the town had a population of 71,323.
The Krishnagiri district has a prehistoric importance. Archeological sources confirm the presence of habitats of man kind during Paleolithic, Neolithic and Mesolithic Ages. Various rock paintings and rock carvings of Indus Valley civilization and Iron Age seen in this district support the historical significance of this district.
Krishnagiri region is a part of the ancient Kongu Nadu and Chera country. Historically it was ruled by Kongu and Chera rulers. Later the region came under Cholas, Pallavas, Gangas, Nulambas, Hoysalas, Vijaya Nagar and Bijapur emperors, Wodeyars of Mysore and Nayaks of Madurai. This region of Krishnagiri served as "Gateway of Tamil Nadu" and the protective barrier for Southern region defending onslaughts from barriers with motives of imperialism and exploitation. Krishnagiri Fort become the first and forth most defensive place. The majestic fortress built on Krishnagiri hill by the Vijaya Nagar Emperors, stands as testimony still now.
During Mysore war I the British troops passed through Krishnagiri to attack Hyder Ali's Forces at Kaveripattinam. British army was defeated here. In Mysore war II after the "Treaty of Srirangapattinam" entire region of Salem and Barah Mahal were surrendered to the British. In 1792 AD, Captain Alexander Reed became the first District Collector of this region. Under the diplomacy of Robert Clive, the then Governor of Madras Presidency, Krishnagiri became the headquarters of Bara Mahal.
A mint was established at Krishnagiri in 1794 AD. Gold, silver and copper coins were forged here. Many soldiers from Krishnagiri region took part in the world war and lost their lives. The "Mango of Krishnagiri", Dr. C. Rajagopalachari, who hailed from a small village in this district rose to the highest position in the nation as the first Governor General of independent India, leader of the Congress Party, and as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Thiru. Mangat Ram Sharma, I.A.S. has administered the office as first Collector of Krishnagiri District. The historical importance and potential growth in education, economy and tourism of present Krishnagiri made it necessary to create a separate district. Krishnagiri was formed as 30th district by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Krishnagiri district was carved out of Dharmapuri district on 9 February 2004 with five taluks and ten blocks.
According to 2011 census, Krishnagiri had a population of 71,323 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 7,748 were under the age of six, constituting 4,059 males and 3,689 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 10.64% and .18% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 76.79%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 16386 households. There were a total of 24,559 workers, comprising 187 cultivators, 99 main agricultural labourers, 640 in house hold industries, 22,230 other workers, 1,403 marginal workers, 10 marginal cultivators, 42 marginal agricultural labourers, 207 marginal workers in household industries and 1,144 other marginal workers.
Climate and weather
Krishnagiri experiences tropical climate during the summer. Summer is generally warm and dry. Monsoon season brings substantial amount of rainfall to this region and Krishnagiri experiences a long monsoon. Winters are generally pleasant and comfortable. This is the best time to visit the place. There are three distinct seasons that can be seen in Krishnagiri. Summer is from the months of March to June. During this time temperatures are warm and mercury rise up to around 38 °C and dipping a minimum of 32 °C. April and May are generally the hottest months of the year and the heat could be uncomfortable. Monsoon season is from the months of July to November. During this time temperatures are mild and pleasant. Heavy rainfall can be expected in short intervals. Monsoon season is also a good time to visit as there are breaks in the rainfall. December to February constitutes the winter months and there are the best times to visit the place.
The national fruit of India and of the state of Tamil Nadu is mango. The major crop of Krishnagiri district with 300.17 km² area of cultivation is mango. The district produces 300,000 tones annually and in Tamil Nadu Krishnagiri District is the First Place in The Production of Mango. Almost 20% of the mango varieties like ‘Thothapuri’ and ‘Alphonso’ that are produced in this district, are processed into pulp. In addition to mango pulp processing, tonnes of mangoes are processed into juice every year in this district. A large-scale mango export zone has been approved for the Krishnagiri district. This will allow growing as well as processing of mangoes thus yielding higher profits for the farmers.
Approximately 25 industries located in this district process mangoes. Much of the population in this district is employed through mango cultivation directly and other labour class benefit through employment in mango processing units. There are about 150 mango nurseries which produce mango saplings in and around ‘Santhur Village‘ . The district exports mango based products worth over ₹8 billion. Under the horticulture development program, government owned horticulture farms are functioning here. Through these units, about 300,000 fruit saplings are produced and distributed under different schemes. Apart from production and export, Krishnagiri also hosts Mango exhibition every year which is the unique in its kind in line with the annual exhibition held at New Delhi.
Krishnagiri is well connected to various parts of India through several National Highways that include Krishnagiri–Ranipet NH 46, Pondicherry–Krishnagiri NH 66, Krishnagiri–Madanapalli NH 219 and Varanasi–Kanyakumari via Krishnagiri NH 7.
Krishnagiri connects 3 different states i.e. Tamil Nadu, karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
The new bus stand on the outskirts of the town is well connected by government buses and private carriers to Chennai, Bangalore, Coimbatore and other major cities and towns in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Puducherry.
The nearest railway junction is Kuppam,Andhra Pradesh (35 km)and Jolarpet (60 km) and the nearest railway station is Rayakottai (30 km). A proposal is before the central government -via Jolarpet-Hosur route to build a Railway station in Krishnagiri thus making it part of the Indian railway network. This is set to facilitate trade of textiles and fruits .As per new budget report, the proposed new line would take off from Jolarpet Junction, Tirupattur and pass through Kandili, Bargur, Krishnagiri and Shoolagiri a length of 104 km to join at Rayakottai. Another survey was conducted for a new rail link between Krishnagiri and Dharmapuri in 2004-05.
Thousands of visitors visit Krishnagiri each year. Majority come from Hosur, Bangalore and Chennai. The (Krishnagiri Reservoir project) constructed in 1958 during the rule of the then Chief Minister Kamaraj is located near the town. Nearby, Sayed Basha hills has a fort that was the fortress of the ruler, Tippu Sultan. Treks to the nearby hills/mountains as well as farm houses are located in the outskirts. The boat house is situated 8 km from the central bus stand which also houses a children's park. There are a variety of ancient temples in the vicinity of Krishnagiri. Nearby Ramapuram is the site of a 500-year-old Rama Temple that draws many visitors each year.
The majority town folks of Krishnagiri are Hindus, Christians and Muslims. Krishnagiri is the place of galore of Religious institutions of all religions. All the people here at Krishnagiri live in harmony and preach brotherhood among different religions.
Krishnagiri houses more than 50 temples. Famous and important temples of them are as follows: Kattu Veera Anjanaeyar Temple, Subrahmaniya Swamy Temple in Katnampatti near Govt. Arts College famous for Kavadi, Narasimma Swamy Temple in Oldpet, Navaneetha Krishnan Temple in Pudupet, Dharmaraja Temple in Oldpet is famous for Bharatham (annual Mahabharatham recitation) and Terukkuttu, Sivan Temple in T.V.Malai road are some of the Hindu temples in the town. Rasool Masjid, Jamia Masjid,and Fort Masjid(Masjid-e-Shahi) are the famous and ancient masjids in the town.
CSI Christ and RC Fatima Church are the Main worship place for Christians.
The presence of museum in this District is known for traditional culture, Art and Architecture, Heritage and Historical Background is a blessing in disguise, to spread the traditional and heritage, culture and art of Tamil Nadu and Krishnagiri District in particular. This museum is functioning since 1993 AD, situated on Gandhi Salai in Krishnagiri. Historical monuments are preserved and exhibited here. It is not only a place of tourism but also a center of education. This museum collects the monuments, Classifies and preserves them to conduct research on its historical worthiness.
Sketches of James Hunter
James Hunter served as a Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery. He was a military painter, and his sketches portrayed aspects of military and everyday life. Hunter served the British India Army and took part in Tippu Sultan Campaigns.
Hunter has sketched different landscapes of South India, including Bangalore, Mysore, Hosur, Kancheepuram, Madras, Arcot, Sriperumbadur, etc. These paintings were published in 'A Brief history of ancient and modern India embellished with coloured engravings', published by Edward Orme, London between 1802-05.
Hunter died in India in 1792. Some of his paintings of Krishnagiri are below
Krishnagiri played a strategic role in the battles of the Third Mysore War (1792). During the latter half of the 18th century, large areas of southern India were controlled by Haider Ali Khan (c.1722 - 1782) and his son, Tipu Sultan (1753 -1799), the kings of Mysore. Their armies were also stationed at the hill-forts (droogs) such as this one. The 4 Anglo-Mysore wars produced a spate of publications and paintings portraying and describing events of the various campaigns.
In the Tamil Nadu Legislature, Krishnagiri Assembly Constituency is a part of Krishnagiri Lok Sabha Constituency. In the 2011 State General Elections, Krishnagiri Assembly Constituency is held by K. P. Munusamy, District secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. K. P. Munusamy has also taken charge as the Minister for Municipal Admin. and Rural Development, Govt. of Tamil Nadu.
Shree Parshwa Padmavathi Shaktipeet Tirth Dham Krishnagiri Shaktipeetam is a spiritual organization, which promotes peace and harmony across the world and elevates its devotees from a sense of fake materialism to pure spiritualism through its different endeavors. This temple is located in Orappam village, just 7 km away from krishnagiri. Founded by His Holiness SRI SRI SRI VASANTH GURUDEV JI, this pilgrimage centre is a noteworthy outcome of his dedicated Yoga Vidya. Shaktipeetam, with the blessings of Sri Padmavathi Devi, has transformed Krishnagiri into a sacred place for pilgrims.
The concept of Krishnagiri Shaktipeetam concentrates on the worship (Mathru Upasana or Aradhana) of Sri Parshwanath Bhagwan, the 23rd Thirthankar of the 24 Thirthankars in the holy dharma of Jainism. As Jain dharma gives prominence to Atma Sadhanam or the search for one’s true self, the motive of Krishnagiri Shaktipeetam is to make one realize his/ her inner self through divine mediums like performing puja and offering bhakti. As Krishnagiri Shaktipeetam works on building one’s inner harmony, it becomes one’s final refuge to find love, peace, harmony and goodness in a world of hatred and terrorism.
Krishnagiri Shaktipeetam has been conducting countless good deeds like anna dhan for the poor, needy and organizing huge events to promote peace and harmony. They have achieved various records in the international forum to promote peace further. As an ambassador for peace and harmony, SRI SRI SRI VASANTH GURUDEV JI has been taking part in several global peace conferences and plays a significant role in rising humanity from the clutches of evil and depravity.
Churches like C.S.I Christ Church (more than 350 member families), Fathima Church - Vincent de paul Parish (a Traditional Roman Catholic Church) and I.E.L.C Church are all situated in the Bengaluru road. A big dyana mandapam for the Jains is also found at the center of the town. Krishnagiri Samithi of the Sathya Sai Organization located opposite to Govt. Girls School is famous in this district.
- Krishnagiri (Lok Sabha constituency)
- Krishnagiri (State Assembly Constituency)
- Transport in Krishnagiri
- "Top at the Roll of Honour". Krishnagiri Collectorate (Krishnagiri, India). 9 February 2004.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Krishnagiri". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Krishnagiri Profile".
- "Mango export zone in Krishnagiri soon: Collector". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 22 June 2009.
- "Hosur-Krishnagiri road project goes to R-Infra". New Delhi: The Hindu. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- "Rahul visit raises hopes on rail project". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 September 2009.
- Ebinesan, J (2006). "James Hunter's Bangalore". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Wiki Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kistnaghurry.jpg. Retrieved 21 January 2015. Missing or empty
- "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
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